As time went by in the new colonies the excitement of being unified in the same Christian beliefs and the “new” wore off the new settlements. People started to get off the straight line of Christian beliefs that people like John Smith and John Winthrop had drawn for the settlers. There was a big gray area of what could be done and what couldn’t be done which caused problems. The judgment of the grey areas was to be left up to the leaders of the colonies which most of the time included the preacher. So anyone who didn’t follow this straight past was cited for wrong doing.
This awakening rejected the Calvinist concepts that had once been popular, and instead emphasized that anyone could be saved if they turned away from their sins and worked to live a Christ-centered life (OpenStax, 2016). The Second Great Awakening had a deep impact on many Americans who were struggling with the changes of the day, and continued to have an impact through 1865 and beyond (OpenStax, 2016). Many slave owners began encouraging the slaves towards Christianity, and some African Americans began churches (OpenStax, 2016). Though many were swept up in the Second Great Awakening and found their Christian faith, the animosity towards other religions (particularly Catholicism) persisted. Christianity had huge social effects, as many began striving for a healthier lifestyle for all Americans.
The speech that was read by Chief Red Jacket to defend the religious beliefs of his people is a powerful piece of literature that is underrated. The speech describes the feelings that were caused by the religious intolerance from the Americans. Currently, the United States have started to appreciate the impacts of the Native Americans and other minorities in history. However, a piece of history that has been quite hidden is the religious intolerance of Native Americans. Chief Red Jacket utilizes repetition, pathos, and rhetorical questions to convince the Americans to tolerate the religion of the Native Americans.
Throughout history, religion has played an important role in the lives of the English settlers; many people believed in different religions, and this has caused problems within the New World colonies. Religion was strictly enforced, and punished according to your beliefs. When the English settlers decided to set sail to find refuge from the religious restriction, they were hopeful for a new life. People did not want to stay somewhere where they did not believe in the religion that was practiced, for it was punishable by death. The Colonists suffered many hardships; Britain was a Catholic community at the time, and the settlers that moved to America were Protestant.
Over time, religion in the colonies underwent many changes. During the founding stage of the colonies, religion was extremely important, as it was the reason many people moved to America to begin with. However, a few sects of Christianity, Puritanism in particular, sacrificed the exclusivity and strictness of their religion, in order to convert more people as fast as possible. This led to the decline of religion as a priority, and church membership took a hit, as people were simply apathetic towards religion and its strict doctrines. In the mid-18th century, there was a huge spike in religious practice referred to as the Great Awakening.
The Great Awakening was most successful in uniting the colonial America people in the understanding of the Christian faith and life. Despite it achievements, the Great Awakening ended up weakening the significance of clergy as believers started depending on their conclusions. The movement also resulted in the development of different cults and denominations and promoted religious tolerance. This movement resulted to the challenging of the traditional authority of the clergy which eventually led to the challenging of the authority of the King (Edwards, et. All,
This took away many diseases that the new settlers had never been exposed to (pg. 58). Their laws were heavily rendered from the Bible. Being Puritans, they sought to reform the Church of England. They did this through strict laws and harsh punishment.
American Puritanism was a religious movement that surfaced within the Church of England during the 17th century. A group of people known as the Puritans had a longstanding conflict with the Church, dating back to the mid 1500s. The Puritans strove to “purify” the Anglican Church of Roman Catholic principles and over time grew weary of the lack of change, their dissatisfaction driving them to North America with hopes of a new beginning. With new land underfoot and an entire sea between the Puritans and their old life, they were free to practice religion as they had desired for so long. This is how American Puritanism began.
Conservatism in the south, has revolved around the significance of religion, leading to the resistance to innovation in society but can be solved through changing societal norms. Correspondingly, religion has been the major factor to the conservative civilization in the south as explained in chapter thirteen. According to Anderson et al, “Religion is institutionalized…Persistent overtime and has an organizational structure into which members are
The debate including women within religion has been increasing in recent decades due to the changes in community expectation in regard to equality of women within our society, the Orthodox Church feels that women should be included and that they are equal to man. However, the Jehovah’s Witnesses believe very different, they believe that a woman’s soul job is to ‘submit to any man.’ It is made very clear that man came before woman and that is seen within their society. These two churches show the main, very different, sides of the debate that is Women in Religion and are key examples of completely different perspectives and interpretations of the Bible. An example of the key differences between the Orthodox Church and Jehovah’s Witnesses is