Mackie believes that there are no objective moral values, and to support his stand, he famously puts forth two arguments. The first argument is the Argument from Relativity or Disagreement, and the second is the Argument from Queerness. The focus of this essay will be on Mackie’s argument from queerness, and I seek to prove that his argument does not succeed in showing that there are no objective values. I will first be summarizing Mackie’s argument from queerness. Subsequently, I will proceed to form an argument on the first part of Mackie’s argument from queerness, the metaphysical component.
What feels best both in terms of your gender or sexuality.” How that relates to the readings is the Gender Binary discussed in chapter one or two, what makes a person male or female. As the book explains, we all have different glasses on how we define or see a person’s gender identity. Instead of society stereotyping for others on what makes us too masculine or feminine, we should focus on our own happiness. 2. How does the discussion of sex verses gender emerge from this documentary?
Anzaldúa next explicitly descries deviance from heterosexuality, through her description of heteronormative ideological influence in her cultures treatment toward homosexuals. Anzaldúa states “the queer are the mirror reflecting the heterosexual tribe’s fear: begin different, being other and therefore lesser, therefore sub-human, inhuman, non-human”(40). Through this statement Anzaldúa reinforces how influential ideology can be in both culture and cultural reproduction. Anzaldúa’s chapter continues by introducing the concept of “half and halfs.”According to Anzaldúa, the half and halfs “are suffering from a despot duality that states” they can only be one or the other”(41). The idea of being only one or the other is rooted in the gender binary of being male or female, and Anzaldúa critics this mindset.
Critical race theorists say the beliefs of master narratives are not objective but are chosen to be by others. Minority perspectives provides educators with tools to oppose the policies and practices from dominant groups and questions their knowledge. Furthermore, interpretation is useful because understanding the problems of race needs to be perceptive from different academic subjects. We rely on our racial background and experiences to make sense of it and provide
The differential treatment of applicants solely on racial grounds is a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court ruled that while race is a legitimate factor in school admissions, the use of such inflexible quotas as the medical school had set aside was not. The Supreme Court was split 5–4 in its decision, addressing only a minimal number of the many issues that had be brought up about affirmative
The notion of a “queer way of life” presented in Judith Halberstam’s essay, Queer Temporalities and Postmodern Geographies, can be quite jarring upon one’s first encounter with the alternative perception of the normal progression of a human being’s life; however, the continuous use of queer time and space found in Western contemporary films demonstrates our society’s acceptance, and desire, for representations of alternative ways of living. The complex characters and storylines developed in the famous musical and film Rent capture the essence of queer space and time, which is the possibility of existence lying “outside of those paradigmatic markers of life experience -- namely, birth, marriage, reproduction, and death” (Halberstam 365). Touching
The article is based on how social construction theory is based on the idea of “natural,” rather than based on invariant result of the body, biology, or innate sex drive. Whiles essentialism in the study of sexuality as believe that a human behavior is “natural,” that is predetermined by genetic, biology, or physiological mechanism that doesn’t change. The perspective of moving away from essentialist framework that challenged the “natural” status, suggesting that human’s gender and sexuality is called into question. In the article, “Social Construction Theory: Problems in the History of Sexuality,” Carole Vance argues that social construction violates idealistic of ideology, and raise status question. In the article, he stated, “Social construction’s
Miss Suhashini a, lecturer of Phycology Department at UTAR who was currently doing research about LGBT has looked at the way the term is used by those who try to portray gays and lesbians as deviant. What is most telling about substituting it for gay or lesbian are the images that homosexual tends to activate in the brain, she said. “Gay doesn’t use the word sex,” she said. “Lesbian doesn’t use the word sex. Homosexual does.
There are many stories about de-transitioning, and they are typically not written by people who are against the transgender movement. They are written by people who realize transition isn’t what they needed after all. They are written by people who urge caution. This is the necessity of a certification from a duly licensed practitioner A true transgender person who truly has Gender Dysphoria will stand by his or her decision to become the preferred gender. A true transgender is determined to self-identify.
It must be acknowledged beforehand that Foucault turns out to be an inspiration for critical theory of contemporary genre and queer politics, since: “Despite his distrust of affirmative policies of gays and lesbians, his original analyses on power, the margins of reason, the manufacturing processes of the abnormal and the perverse, the capacity to produce bodies and subjects that have institutions like the clinic, the prison or the scientific disciplines, are going to suppose one of the fundamental theoretical sources of the militancy and the queer
Fisher, but they held the the Court of Appeals did not hold the University’s admission policies to a standard of strict scrutiny so the judgement was incorrect. In previous judicial precedent in cases dealing with minority admissions, the Court has held that they are reviewable under the fourteenth amendment, these such cases must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny to determine whether the policies are precisely tailored to serve a compelling governmental interest. If the policy does not meet this standard, then race can not be considered in any admissions process. The Court stated the it was the job of the reviewing court to verify that the University policy in question was necessary to achieve a more diverse student body and the any race-neutral alternative would not achieve the same level of diversity.The Supreme Court said the lower courts did not conduct a sufficient strict scrutiny examination in this case. Justice Ruth Ginsburg wrote the dissenting opinion in which she argued the the University treats race as merely one factor in the overall decision to admit a student, which is permissible under previous judicial precedent.
Evidence Quotation or paraphrase from the text. The language of sexuality text shows that there is more than two ways to identify yourself .you could be not ‘ hetersexual’ nor ‘ homosexual ‘ but ‘ others’ . “We need to give space for people to identify those other categories,” he said. “(Queer) doesn’t assume anything about me,” she said.. In the same way in the Test Juinke text Paul B wants to change what society wants to make out of him.
If being queer is but one part that constitutes the self then it is possible for something to be queer that is not a person or individual. Under these rules, it could be that Antigione’s religious views are what are truly queer. Her religious views exist in exact opposition to the dominant discourses around her. As I stated in my article Critically Queer, “The hyperbolic conformity to the command can reveal the hyperbolic status of the norm itself, indeed, can become the cultural sign by which that cultural imperative might become legible.” Me: Thank you Dr. Butler for this very insightful interview. I will be sure to send you a transcript of this for your own records.
Rohit Joshi, who serves as a student at John Hopkins University, states in his article, “It’s Time to Change Affirmative Action in Colleges,” that affirmative action “overcorrects” racial “bias” by providing minorities with “advantages.” Joshi’s word choice conveys his criticizing tone which enhances his idea that affirmative action does not help minorities in a fair manner. Instead of equalizing every student’s benefits, Joshi believes affirmative action provides minorities with more benefits that discriminate against nonminorities. In response to Stanford University’s consideration of reevaluating affirmative action policies, authors of The Diversity Myth: "Multiculturalism" and the Politics of Intolerance at Stanford, David Sacks and Peter Thiel, state that the purpose of affirmative action was to “redress” discrimination and develop “integration” among enrolled students. However, Sacks and Thiel utilize the observations of Thomas Sowell to dispute the positive outlooks
In “Music and Identity”, Simon Frith disagrees with the idea of homology. He goes against the traditional ideas of homology that states that music is solely an expression of culture. He argues that it goes in reverse and that, instead of social groups coming together and agreeing on values to express in music, that music helps social groups come together and express and agree on values which they might share. This is practically the opposite of the homology model. Frith supports his argument with comparisons to African American music, of the ‘race records’ among others.