In Homer’s Odyssey Eurylochus shouldn't have killed Helios’s cattle because of the warning, the promise the men made, and the food they already had. First, Eurylochus shouldn't have killed the cattle because of the warning. Odysseus was warned that if his men touched the cattle that they would die. Eurylochus should have known something was going to happen if him and the other men killed the cattle because of the promise they made to Odysseus. Eurylochus said, “But if he flares up over his heifers lost, wishing our ship destroyed…” (Homer), so he guessed that Helios would punish them, but he did the deed anyways.
When Okonkwo was faced with his enemies, he makes a rash decision and kills the messenger. This was a fateful act because it could urge Umuofia to attack the missionaries, but Umuofia decided to not go to war. Okonkwo explains how the white missionaries have come in and converted all the Igbo people into their religion until their own tribes become too weak to fight back against them. The white missionaries described by Okonkwo, “brought a lunatic religion, but he had also built a trading store
124). His other point is that God having a sufficient reason for permitting evil is not the same as having a hallucination. He states that having good reason for the existence of God increases the possibility that He has a reason for permitting gratuitous suffering (p. 124). He also counters the claim that there is no evidence to suggest that God is all-good and all-powerful. He refers to his moral argument—wherein without the existence of God, objective moral values would also cease to exist, but objective moral values do exist and thus God also must exist—to make the claim that God is all-good (p. 125).
Natural law theory states that people should focus on the good and avoid any evil. The last theory is Aristotle’s virtue ethics which states that we should move from the concern towards good action and to focus on the concern with good character. This paper argues that Aristotle’s virtue ethics is better than the other ethical theories. The divine command theory says that what is morally right and what is morally wrong is determined by God and God alone. People who follow the divine command theory believe that God is the creator of all things, therefore, he must also be the creator of morally right and wrong acts.
This reasoning can explain why the sixth commandment was put forth; it states, “You shall not murder”(Exodus 20:13). In Exodus, God remembered that Cain had sinned by murdering his brother and took precautionary measures by declaring the sixth commandment so that the people involved in the covenant knew that it is a sin to commit
“I am concerned here only with the interests of nations and respecting theology, as I ought, I consider in this essay only the physical and moral well-being of society” (Voltaire 28). Focusing on the phrase “respecting theology”, it is essential to differentiate between “adhering to” and “respecting” theology. Voltaire is merely focused on respecting theology, because it permits the freedom of religion without promoting intolerance and violence by requiring people to adhere to one particular religion. He argues that toleration is the means of increasing well-being in society and minimizing violence because, “toleration has never provoked civil war, whereas intolerance has covered the earth in carnage. Let people now choose between these two rivals: between the mother who wants her son to be slain, and the mother who is willing to surrender him on condition that he survives” (Voltaire 27).
Everyman Shamyra Thompson ENGL 102-B27 Liberty University Everyman Thesis: In the morality play “Death Comes for Everyman”, the author shares his comprehension of death and how death’s treatment is a symbolic message that comes from God. The idea of the play is that God sends his message through Death which humans can’t avoid from happening when the time approaches. Everyman, the character in the play tries to reason with Death to get more time, however Death refuses Everyman’s offers of riches for Death because he has no use for material possessions. I. Introduction The play is a medival, 15th century drama that was written to portray Death as it approaches Everyman once his time comes to face God on judgment day.
He had originally planned to kidnap Lincoln and trade him for the Southern soldiers in prison, but Lincoln didn’t show up where they thought he would. Because that kidnapping plot failed, he decided to go more extreme and kill him instead. In the text it says, “Frustrated at seeing his plot foiled, Booth resolved to go to a far greater extreme.” He also decided to have his friends assassinate the Secretary of State and the Vice President. Lastly, he thought that he was doing a favor for the country. He did not love the “forced Union” and thought that by killing Lincoln, he would be doing well for the country.
Thomas Aquinas’ Natural Law Theory, however, yields a different conclusion. A Thomist would assert that Dudley and Stephen’s act of killing is morally wrong because it violates one of the four basic values: human life. By killing the boy, they are effectively taking his life. Conclusively, Dudley and Stephen’s action not only brings about the good effect of saving three men’s lives but it also brings about an evil effect – a young boy dying without his assent. This evil effect cannot be justified by the Doctrine of Double Effect because killing the boy was intentional and a direct means to the good effect.
This is because God moves things according to nature and it is the nature of humans to have free will. Aquinas emphasis if a human does an evil action, it is the action the person alone and not the God. In other words, evil is through an individual’s action and should be blamed on the individual instead of God. Aquinas’s sixth major theme is humans have sinned because humans do possess free will. This sinning will break the human’s relationship with God.