However, drug abuse often stems from psychological factors such as stress, childhood trauma, abandonment issues and several others. Another opposing view is that prison provides stability for drug addicts but prison conforms addicts to the lifestyle of a prisoner. Prisoners are given no freewill and in the real world there will always be choices to be made. In conclusion, research has proven that treatment outside prison has been effective “Research emerged indicating that substance abuse treatment was in fact effective at reducing drug use and drug-related crimes”. “In a sample of 245 program participants and 137 comparison offenders, the average number of rearrests for treatment participants was substantially lower than that of comparison
However, the mental impacts of imprisonment shift from person to person and are frequently reversible. For reassurance, not everyone who has experienced imprisonment has fallen victim to psychological or physical harm. According to various interviews conducted by Craig Haney, a professor of psychology at the University of California, prisoners held in solitary confinement are at far higher risk than the general prison population of having severe stress, chronic depression, and suicidal thoughts. "Because our sense of self is defined in large part by our interactions with others, many also experience a loss of personal identity "(Haney). But, few people are completely spared or unscathed by the experience.
Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs. In addition, there is little evidence that the death penalty reduces crime, and it costs more than to keep a prisoner for life. Mandatory Minimum Sentences The mandatory minimum sentences have greatly contributed to the prison overpopulation
More people get incarcerated for non-violent crimes and crimes caused by mental illnesses or drug abuse (Webb, 2009) and because these people get put in regular prisons, instead of in mental health facilities or facilities to help against drug addiction, where they could be treated to further prevent crimes driven by their illness (Webb, 2009), the prisons get overfilled and cannot hold the more ‘important’ prisoners that needed to be locked away from the public. A strong link of the criminal justice process is that the system tries to keep it fair for everyone. Every defendant has the right to an attorney so they can be defended properly and fairly and “Only judges who are adequately informed about a case can effectively control the proceedings and examine evidence” (Tochilovsky, 2002) It is also important for the criminal justice system that those involved show discretion and although this is not always the case, discretion by the judges, police, etc. further ensure proper treatment of the
INTRODUCTION Prisons are established and funded by governments for incarceration of people against their will. The main purpose of the prisons is to punish criminals by taking their freedom away deliberately and eventually to return the society as rehabilitated citizens after the incarceration duration. However, the dynamics of the prison system rarely helps inmates to have a healthy rehabilitation process. All over the world, there are some activities for prisoners to spend their times efficiently. However they are significantly lower than existing needs.
These youth live in poverty, have endured homelessness and hunger, witnessed death and murder, and survived sexual, emotional, and physical abuse. It could be argued that because the youth do not know any other way of life that they should not be held accountable for their actions. However, when poor often black youths commit a crime, they do not have the financial resources available to afford the best attorneys or expert witnesses. As a result, these youths are more often found guilty and given harsher sentences relative to the crimes that they commit. The inability to afford proper legal representation has allowed many black youths to serve time in prison for crimes they didn’t commit.
Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs. In addition, there is little evidence that the death penalty reduces crime than life in prison, and it costs more than to keep a prisoner for life. Mandatory Minimum Sentences The mandatory minimum sentences have greatly contributed to
Juveniles this age don’t even have a fully developed brain and also can’t fully understand the circumstances they’re in. Juveniles can be good kids inside and out, but if they somehow manage to be involved in a heinous crime, they suffer the chance of being incarcerated for up to life. With that being said, courts should not be given the power to grant juveniles with adult sentences because the environment around adult prisons are far too violent for people under the age of 18, therefore, proposition 21 of 2000 and other sentence enhancements should be abolished to lessen the severity of juveniles’ punishments and instead give them a bigger chance at rehabilitation. When juveniles receive such harsh sentences, such as sentences adding up to the majority of their life in prison or their life as a whole, more often than not they tend to lose hope. They really don’t have much to look forward to.
There are many teenagers in the United States who are being charged life without parole in adult prison for crimes such as: involvement in a murder, second degree murder, first degree murder, and involuntary murder. Most people believe that when it comes to a juvenile murdering someone, they should be put in prison for life and tried as adults because it’s better for everyone in the situation. It’s understandable that adults believe teens know right from wrong even though their brains aren’t fully developed. Although they could be right, it’s proven that the majority of juveniles who are admitted to the adult system tend to develop mental disorders and are found to become more aggressive because of their surroundings, as a teenager myself, I believe there are other ways other than punishment for life for
Although some believe that criminals do not deserve the same rights as civilians, the transition from the real world to life behind bars is taking enough rights away on its own. Prisoners should be protected from cruel and unusual punishment, sexual harassment and sex crimes, and poor living conditions. These crimes behind the walls of prisons make it difficult for inmates to adapt and feel safe. Their safety is being neglected, not only by other prisoners, but by the workers themselves (Hunter). Staff members get away with these crimes so easily; in return, they provide resources to the prisoners that are challenging to get such as cigarettes, extra telephone cards, and helping them pass drug tests.
Criminal Justice: We, The Rainbow Party, believe that criminal justice should be very more different. Instead of the criminals facing time in prison we think they should just go to a rehabilitation center to get treated. Some criminals do the things they do because they have a mental problem and if they are just locked in a place full of other criminals they will only be influenced more harshly and won 't get the help they need. On the other hand, being in a rehabilitation center puts them in a position to be forced to get help and go to counseling. We as a party think prison is a harsh place were a very large amount of criminals come together and either argue and gang up on others or they stay far away in fear of getting raped or hurt.
As a result of these privileges given to the inmates upon their arrival, the prisoner have no real incentive to follow the rules and regulations therefore prison officials must bribe and coerced them. A way to fix the defects of total power, prison officials should change or eliminate the reward system. Instead of providing inmates with rewards upon their arrivals at the prison, guards should use a positive reinforcement system where inmates get to enjoy certain privileges if and only if they follow the rules and regulations of the prison. Another structural defects are the inadequacies of the prison staff. Almost half of all the guards at the New Jersey State prison were temporary employees.