presence can be identified but it is much more difficult to prove its absence (Gosseries et al., 2011). Causes The vegetative state just like other disorders of consciousness can occur due to three main reasons; the first and most common cause is a traumatic brain injury. As a result of a severe head injury, for example an injury sustained during a car accident, a fall from a great height, or a violent assault, a person can enter into a state of vegetative consciousness. According to Gosseries et al. (2011), in most cases where the damage is severe, patients usually die within a few days.
This disease breaks down the coating of nerve fibers or axons, those are called Myelin Sheath. This disease also breaks down brain cells, which are imperative for everyday functioning and intelligence. Symptoms of this disease include, developmental mental delay, seizures, stiff limbs, Optic atrophy: wasting of a muscle of the eye, resulting in vision difficulties, deafness, irritability, spasms, and ataxia which is the
Introduction Thrombocytosis is when you have too many platelets (thrombocytes) in your blood. Platelets are parts of blood that stick together and form a clot (thrombus) to help your body stop bleeding. Some conditions that cause inflammation, such as cancer, may trigger your body to make more platelets than normal. There are two types of thrombocytosis. Primary or essential thrombocytosis happens when abnormal cells in the bone marrow make too many platelets.
Concussions are considered functional, because it only affects the biochemical process of the brain, but the trauma changes the brain function temporarily. Although, in sports like football, repeated head to head contact can lead to long term brain damage. Many former football player’s have suffered from long term head injuries, this lead to things such as, “ long-term health consequences of concussion, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer 's disease, and other forms of dementia, Parkinson 's disease, or severe cognitive impairment.” according to Weil(2016). When suffering from a concussion, you must deal with many symptoms such as, brief loss of consciousness after the injury, memory problems, drowsiness or feeling sluggish, confusion, dizziness, double vision or blurred vision, nausea, headache,or vomiting, sensitivity to light or noise, balance problems, and slowed reaction to stimuli. It can also effect the student- athletes behavior, thinking, or physical
What is Multiple Sclerosis: Multiple Sclerosis is primarily a T-cell mediated immune inflammatory disease that disrupts the regular functions of our central nervous system. Our central nervous system, the brain and the spine, are responsible for many of our voluntary and involuntary movements. However, in patients with Multiple Sclerosis, the immune system attacks the myelin sheaths that protect the nerves of the CNS. After repeated attacks, the myelin sheath will fall apart, and the immune cells will continue to attack the nerves themselves, which can be irreversibly damaged. Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis include fatigue, numbness, weakness, vision problems, depression, and walking difficulties.
(1) And secondly in unilateral Asterixis, caused by specific lesions in brain regions. Hyperreflexia is an exaggerated and overactive deep tendon reflex to a stimuli, processed by the involuntary nervous system. This involves the upper motor neuron and is usually resulting from spinal cord injury or metabolic disease. This reaction can include: change in heart rate, excessive sweating and high blood pressure. (2) The young patient is brought to the emergency room with acute mental status and stroke-like symptoms.
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
Introduction Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, causing damage to the nerve cells, which could cause permanent damage, leaving those who suffering from the disease with a myriad of lifelong issues. According to Mayo Clinic (2018), “Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected.” The damage varies from patient to patient; with many of the symptoms include numbness and tingling of the extremities, mental health issues, such as depression, vision issues, speech impairment, balance issues, and chronic fatigue, as well as incontinence and bowel issues. In more advanced stages, cognitive function can change, such as memory impairment,
If research shows that athletes are more susceptible to permanent brain damage, shouldn 't coaches take the value of their athletes health into consideration? Many try to decipher weather or not extracting an athlete from the game, due to his/her concussions, will benefit the team. This judgement is based upon the competitive concepts in today 's society. Not only have studies shown that repeated injuries can result in permanent brain damage, but also the hesitant emotions within athletes and how they are afraid of being permanently replaced contributes to the issue. This is because of the strain athletes physiologically obtain .
As is known to all, spinocerebellar ataxia is hard to cure and patients who suffer from this kind of disease will go through enormous pressure. In other words, this disease will affect the patients’ mental and physical health deadly. However the existing medical technology does not work on it well. Therefore, in other words, if nobody really cares about them, this disease will make patients suffer forever, which does not only result in a heavy burden of family but also a burden of society and medical organization. Is it really able to be cured completely?
These type of dementia occurs about; this occurs due to the short-term memory loss. The other problem will be visual-spatial areas, reasoning, judgement and insight. Hippocampus is the region where it gets affected by Alzheimer’s disease, not only that there will be
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy(CTE) is a progressive degenerative brain disease that affects the lives of many who suffer from head trauma of the brain. CTE has been associated with many different diseases within a person 's memory, personality changes, Parkinsonism, along with speech or gait abnormalities. The disease initially was described as “punch-drunk” syndrome. Dr. Harrison Martland made the theory in 1928 as a group of boxers began having multiple symptoms of what is formally known as Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. What has made Dr. Martland to assume this is due to the symptoms he had found in these boxers which included: deterioration of attention, loss of concentration, memory, disoriented or confused, dizziness, and the