During the Tudor dynasty a diverse range of conflicts and rebellions occurred. After Henry VIII breached with Rome in 1533 the threat of religion increased leading to multiple revolts. This resulted Elizabeth, the last monarch of the Tudors, left to overcome various problems which threatened the Queen such as; the religious issues caused by the Spanish Armada linking with the rebellions she had to also overcome, the Northern Rebellion, and finally foreign policy, threatened by the Anglo Spanish relations causing great threats for the Virgin Queen. However, Elizabeth did overcome religious threats by the end of her reign, despite the unstable country she was left in by her rebellious sister Mary, her father Henry VIII and grandfather Henry VII,
To illustrate an example, Henry’s parents were immensely devoted and sympathetic to the Calvinist faith, consequently, he was raised as a Calvinist (Stearns 6: 141-143). It was only natural that he would stay loyal and devoted to his own faith, despite his conversion to Catholicism. Furthermore, this mode of execution is seen again in the issue of the Edict of Nantes in 1598. Henry IV gave tolerance to the French Huguenots and permitted the practice of their religion within certain limits, yet Henry, now established as a powerful Catholic ruler, could have easily rid France of Huguenots, satisfying the desires of the Catholic League as well as his newly developed faith in Catholicism. There was a greater benefit politically if he had considered the interests of both religious parties, therefore, that was the route that Henry IV selected, rather than the one in line with his religion.
France’s unity was only possible due to the leadership of their king who sought to make all of his people unified under one single religion. In an era subsequent to the wars of religion, where the world fought over both power and between religious beliefs of Catholicism and Protestantism, the Edict of Nantes was created in an attempt to make peace between the Catholics and Huguenots, French Protestants in 1598 by permitting Huguenots to worship. Believing that France should be united under one religion, Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685: “The revocation of the Edict[of Nantes], signed by the King on October 18, ordered the demolition of all Protestant temples, the cessation of all Protestant services, the Catholic baptism of those born in the Protestant faith. The revocation was forced with the greatest brutality” (Ashley 92). Although it this may have been a strange move that was bound to cause tension between the Huguenots and the Catholics, Louis was determined to create unity in France regardless of what others thought.
Austria under the Holy Roman Empire was devoutly Roman Catholic. The clergy had vast influence over government policy and the Church received exemptions from taxation. Outside religions received no toleration because Austrian Monarchs believed that religious unity was necessary for peace. Maria Theresa took power in 1745. She implemented significant reforms in all areas in order to insure the strength of the government.
All of this land that they acquired in the wars that they won gave Alexander more land and this land gives more power. Land gave Alexander more power because without a place to rule, then there isn’t any power to have. Alexander the Great conquered six places: Persia, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Bactria, and the Punjab. Each of these places joined the Macedonian Empire, giving him more land to rule, as well as the empires and city-states that his father; King Philip II of Macedon. The power that Alexander had, was created by all of the places that he and his father had conquered.
He was also sensitive on the property holdings to understand the financial resources available in his kingdom, hence the publication of the Domesday Book. The book was aimed to determine the amount of wealth every landowner held including land and livestock, and the taxes they had to give. The book became a very profound document that was used in the later years. One of William’s major achievements is the consolidation of England. Q2 the 'Glorious Revolution ' ensue when the people in England and Scotland were uncomfortable with the Catholic king James the second in the accusation that he would not allow them to participate in voting and other religious practices of their choices.
They sought a simpler kind of Christian worship, with the emphasis on the individual’s own conscience and direct relationship with God, without the intervention of the Virgin Mary and all the saints, never mind about the control of priests, cardinals and the Pope, who were seen as being too powerful, too wealthy and too corrupt. Protesting against the doctrines of the Church of Rome, members of the new and very different religion became known as Protestants. (Possibly with the emphasis on the 2nd syllable originally, though we now stress the first syllable.) Meanwhile in England, there was an added historical ingredient to go into the mix. Most people know that 1.
This combined makes people think, why does everyone seem to target Catholicism and why are they allowed to get away with it. Especially in this time where everything has to be “politically correct”. The Anti-Catholic prejudice started in Europe with the Protestant Reformation,continued
These victorious militaristic ideas were fuelled by the fact that in the 19th century Europe had not had any large scale military defeat during most of the century. Nationalism also was apparent with Germans who had become unified and had believed that the prussians naval fleet would mean victory against Russia and France. The Russian Tsar believed that there citizens were protected by god and that there massive military force made them more powerful than smaller European countries. The French believed that their defenses on their eastern border made them very capable of protecting against the Germans. During the late 19th century Europe had expanded its military and commercial control while also avoiding major conflicts.
During the fifteenth century the Catholic Church was in control of everything and believed that law was the way to keep order. Then, a reformer named Martin Luther came amidst. Although Martin Luther disagreed with the practice of indulgences, distrust in different powers through religions, and salvation through good works, he took action and wrote his 95 theses, affecting people politically, socially, and economically, all of which led to a reformation of the Catholic Church and new faith. In 1517, many citizens of Germany had many political views about Luther. Despite Luther facing protests and riots against his beliefs, he was able to give people a different vision of faith.
The KKK struggled and ultimately succeeded in gaining political advantages in order to gain more influence in the United States, as well as to help avoid punishment for their prosecution of the Catholic people and their property. It was with great perseverance that the Catholic religion in the early 1900s struggled to stay relevant in the changing times and fought against the KKK in order to avoid persecution and unjust
The victory of the Great Northern War under Peter the Great emerged Russia as a major power house amongst the European, and allowed for more direct contacts between Russia and Europe. He greatly expanded Russia by gaining access to ports alongside the Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas.