In 1979, religious fundamentalists dethroned the Shah and took 66 American hostages from the U.S. embassy. The group would return the hostages in exchange for the Shah’s return to Iran in order to stand trial for his crimes. President Jimmy Carter attempted diplomacy and a military rescue of the hostages but did not succeed. Carter became aware of the consequences of the nation’s dependence on foreign oil and delivered a State of the Union Address. Carter stated, “Our excessive dependence on foreign oil is a clear and present danger to our Nation 's security.” The dependence on foreign oil escalated to endangerment of American lives.
The Iran-Contra Affair refers to the event in which Iranian terrorists took Americans hostage which provoked President Reagan to call for military arms against Iran but later on, he sold the arms in exchange for the release of the hostages (and profits went to Nicaragua). Members of the Reagan administration were indicted by later on pardoned by President Bush. The Persian Gulf War involved Iraq invading Kuwait in which President Bush organized an International Coalition to defend and liberate
Despite his vehement opposition to detente, President Reagan 's role in ending this phase of the Cold War was virtually non-existent. However, Reagan did play a larger role in the worsening of relations between the superpowers in the aftermath of detente 's failure. As a result, it can be argued that while he cannot be held responsible for ending detente; Reagan to some extent can be held responsible for starting the Second Cold War. First of all, it should be noted that the underlying cause of the end of detente was the USSR 's failure to honour her commitments to international peace and stability, not Reagan. For example, detente aimed to encourage nuclear disarmament while discouraging attempts to expand into the Third World.
Eisenhower, President from 1953-1961. One his main goals was the containment of communism so there wouldn’t be, as he referred to it, a “domino effect” of communism (“Dwight D. Eisenhower:Foreign Policy”, 2). What he meant was that one country after another would not fall to communism. To protect the United States from attacks, Eisenhower adopted a policy called Massive Retaliation so we could use atomic weapons against any country that attacked us (“Dwight D. Eisenhower: Foreign Policy”, 4) This policy was a scare tactic that we used to keep our country safe from intrusions. Eisenhower also tried to improve relations with the Soviet Union by meeting with leaders of Western Europe and the Soviet Union in Geneva, Switzerland in 1955.
On what was expected to be another day for every American became a burning memory in both Americans and America’s history. September 11, 2001 was the day where fear shook America into recklessly declaring war on terror against Iraq. At 8:46 am, the North Tower of the World Trade Center is interrupted by the American Airline Flight 11 by Mohammed Atta and the hijackers (History); seventeen long minutes later, the South Tower of the World Trade Center is also interrupted by the United Airlines Flight 175 by the other hijackers (History). In order to fight for the endangerment of America’s freedom was being attacked, President George Bush and the Bush Administration contrustred an aggressive invasion in the Middle East. In response to this, George
The influences of Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev in the Cold War When Ronald Reagan took over the White House, the end of the Cold War not only along way off, it actually looked like the USSR was winning. Gorbachev and Reagan signed several treaties during Reagan 's second term and granted the production of nuclear arms in both countries. Relations with the Soviet Union improved, but Reagan still attacked Communists throughout the rest of the world. During his presidency, the United States also sent peacekeeping forces to Lebanon and bombed the terrorist-supporting country of Libya. In 1984, the people elected President Reagan to serve a second term in the White House.
Although, President Reagan doctrine transpired in Nigeria to supporting anti-Communists rebels, removing communist troops and overthrowing the communist government of Nigeria. Therefore, President Authorized the CIA to train the rebels on warfare tactics and funding anti-Communist insurgents in the fight against the Soviet Union. In 1982, Boland amendment restricted the CIA, Department of Defense operations in Nigeria and the cut off all funding to the freedom fighters. The Boland amendment did not restrain the president from supporting Contra rebels. Reagan told national security adviser Robert McFarlane.
This source is very useful to a historian, it explains the Soviet response to the Marshall Plan, and they believed it was a clear example of American economic imperialism. They believed the Americans were trying to undermine the Soviet sphere of influence in Europe by taking over countries and making them dependant on the US dollar so that they could not turn to communism, if they did they would face the risk of having their aid stopped. From my own knowledge, I know that one condition of receiving the aid was that countries would have to share their economic information with the USA. The soviets believed that the Marshall Plan was an attempt to place countries under their economic and political control, as demonstrated by the fact they had to share economic information. The plan was perceived as having ideological reasons and the USA were trying to control countries by making them reliant on the dollar and through fear of this money being taken away if they turned to Communism, undermining and posing a clear threat to Soviet influence in eastern
One could easily state, that dropping an atomic bomb twice killed more innocent lives that were needed to perish. Asking, what would it be like if it has Japan dropped the bomb on America and it was our family or people we knew that were killed; what they fail to realize is that Japan did bomb us. Pearl Harbor, remember that? Killing 2,403 American personnel, including 68 civilians. Those Americans did have family and people they cared about, but did Japan hesitate?
This ending to the Cold war lead to success in America, benefited America. How does this make anything justified if in the end the U.S is the one to benefit from all of this which is what they wanted in the first place. The U.S going into Eastern Europe to help those Nations were just because the U.S did not like the Soviets/ agree with their philosophy, not in order to help those nations out. The dropping of the bomb was also not in order for the Japanese to get hurt and have cities destroyed and people dead, it was so that the U.S could win and save their own people. These actions have no reason behind them that could cause them to be