The XX and the early XXI century was and is still being marked as the centuries of the world’s adjustment regarding the view of differences in people’s appearance and beliefs. This has made changes on how people see their political, religious, cultural, and human races differences. Although differences in people still are main cause of violence, there has been a significant change since the beginning of the XX century until today. “Breaking the color barrier” has taken the objetive of seen discrimination and the differences in people through plays and short stories related to American society. A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, is a play which focuses on how the African-Americans were seen during the 60’s by the white ethnicity.
Destruction, poverty, and violence are just a few examples of discrimination that the Black community had to go through during the 1960-1980’s , and are all similar issues portrayed in the films “Black Power Mixtape” and “Do The Right Thing”. Both films have their own story, but both reflect on the racial injustice Black citizens faced, while also educating viewers on the violence that occurred during that time through riots, and police brutality. Each film comments on African American experiences of racial injustice by telling a story of pride and power, while also demonstrating destruction, brutality, and violence throughout the Black community. The famous film directed by Spike Lee “Do The Right Thing”, focuses on racially diverse individuals who live and work in a lower class neighborhood in Brooklyn,
In Ralph Ellison’s short story “Battle Royal”, the unnamed narrator had to deal with the oblique acts of racism that constantly affects the social class and individual identity of the oppressed African Americans during that time. It is easy to see that due to the color of his skin, this bright youth is brutally sabotaged by the white-dominated society in which he lives in. As a master of poetic devices, Ellison incorporates numerous symbols and archetypes into this short story, providing a unique perspective on the narrative and supporting concept of invisibility and identity. Though I do believe that the main point of this entire story can be wrapped around the concept of racial inequality, which is expressed by the actions of how this boy
The block parties, graffiti art, rapping, disc jockeying and diverse forms of dancing built Hip Hop by the black youth. They expressed their feelings, thoughts, but most importantly the problems they had to face, which were related to their race, gender and social positions. The rights that were given to black people during and after the Civil Rights Movement left the following generations at a lack of how to continue the fight for black rights. Hip Hop gave them this platform and with the usage of black nationalism, Hip Hop can explore the challenges that confront American-Americans in the post-Civil Rights Movement era. In the 1990’s Hip Hop lived its prime, sub genres started to appear and famous groups, MCs led the whole community, providing a voice to a group of people trying to deliver their message.
While Hughes’ work covered the range of African American social experience, one of his primary focuses was on exploring the how African American inspired and motivated themselves to carry on despite a mainstream culture, politics, and belief system that saw them as inferior, and worked in practice to continuously keep them oppressed (Gates et al.). “Mother to Son” one of Hughes’ most well-known illustrations of these themes of inspiration and motivation that, as the title suggests, an African American mother gives to her son on how to
Wright portrays characters such as Olin and Pease as evil people, but also—and more chillingly—as bit players in a vast drama of hatred, fear, and oppression. An autobiography, Black Boy represents the culmination of Wright’s passionate desire to observe and reflect upon the racist world around him. Throughout the work, we see Richard observe the deleterious effects of racism not only as it affects relations between whites and blacks, but also relations among blacks themselves. Wright entitles his work Black Boy primarily for the emphasis on the word “black”: this is a story of childhood, but at every moment we are acutely aware of the color of Wright’s skin. In America, he is not merely growing up; he is growing up black.
Curiosity is behind the spark of every great idea. Curiosity is very prevalent in Black Boy, written by Richard Wright, a powerful memoir detailing Richard’s childhood in the South: Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and eventually Chicago during the Jim Crow Era. He was a black man growing up in a racist America. Curiosity is the reason for many of Richard’s empowering ideas in his young life. Richard’s curiosity leads him to desire education, question the roots of racism, and challenge authority.
In Richard Wright’s “The Ethics of Living Jim Crow,” an autobiographical sketch, Wright an African-American man, describes his experiences during Jim Crow and more importantly because of Jim Crow. Richard Wright’s work is heavily based on writings that relate to race. Wright grew up in the South of the United States where Jim Crow was far more intense and notable than other places in the United States. Throughout his piece, Wright uses different appeals such as the pathological appeal and self-experiences in order to convey the severity of living in Jim Crow by using expressive and informative methods. Wright’s argument develops through examining the causes and effects of living in Jim Crow, juxtaposition by relating the experiences to other things which hold similar resonance and overall defining what it meant to live in Jim Crow through learning experiences.
Throughout history, we have seen that being black in America comes with the realization that you may have to learn to navigate the world differently than other groups. This can be confusing when you’re trying to find yourself in a world that doesn't truly see you. Along the way you may end up losing your individuality and end up trying to escape reality. In the novel, Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison and the memoir Black Boy by Richard Wright we are introduced to two African American characters struggling with their identities and their invisibility. While both narrators are trying to develop a sense of identity, the way they deal with their external circumstances differs greatly.
Brent Staples “ Just Walk on By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space” and Richard Rodriguez comparing the similarities and differences of Staples and Rodriguez 's article. Racism is a very difficult and confusing problem to deal at a very young age that can affect one 's mentality and perceptions of oneself then and later on. ,both Staples and Rodriguez had experienced racism for a very long time having firsthand experience of racism at young ages, such young ages in fact that it left a mark on each of them as they begin to realize at vulnerable times of their life what life is like being black or having dark skin. For example, Staples discovered this at the age of twelve as a white women saw fearing for her life. Rodriguez’s first experience of racism was at the age of 7 told by his mother to put a towel over his shoulder to cover some of his dark skin.
In his book Between the World and Me, Ta-Nehisi Coates writes a letter to his son divulging into what life is like growing up as a black man. As Cotes writes he explores the life of a black man and the ways he must navigate through a society that prioritizes the white hegemonic above the lives of young black men. The specific idea that intrigued me the most in Coates’ book was his idea exploring that: “The streets and the schools as arms of the same beast” (Coats 33). Coates discussed that both schools and the street weaponize fear as a means of control over black men. Schools would use their power as an official system as a means to perpetuate racism.
Elijah Anderson, a Yale professor, developed the concept or theory entitled the “code of the street” which explains the reasoning for high rates of street violence among African-American juveniles in a Philadelphia community. The “code of the street” is the way of life for many living in poverty-stricken communities which attempt to regulate behaviors. Anderson observed that juveniles in inner-city neighborhoods who are exposed to racial discrimination, economic disadvantages and alienation from mainstream society may lead violent behavior. The strain, social learning, and labeling theories are all directly related to Anderson’s work. The strain theory implies that crime may occur because of the stress or frustration placed on people when
How can African American youth, yearning to find their true selves, do so under popular culture’s influence, conflicting religious beliefs and a fluctuating gender experience? Initially, further exploration and research into the unique gender and racial experiences of African American youth is necessary. This research is best conducted through surveys, questionnaires and face to face interviews. According to Denise Isom, after interviewing 5th, 6th and 7th grade African American children, she revealed their identity crisis: “They spoke of a deeply racialized reality, a gendered social world, and operated from a sense of self that was multifaceted and shifting” (Isom, 2012, p. 127-137). The research further demonstrated that this age group has a high level of confusion requiring the use of different “faces” around other people.