Sociology is a fascinating type of study which both analyses and justify crucial matters in our own lives, the communities around us and the world which we live in. At a personal level, sociology discovers both social causes and consequences of things such as love, race and gender identity, conflict among families, religion and ageing. Among society, sociology examines things such as poverty, wealth, crime and law, discrimination, education and schools, the community and social movements. On a global level, sociology examines matters such as population growth, migration and war along with economic development.
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY 2015-2016 FALL ACADEMIC SEMESTER POLITICAL SCIENCE & INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY AND POLITICS COURSE INSTRUCTOR: PROF. DR. ZÜLKÜF AYDIN PREPARED BY: MEHMET TOSUN TOPIC: THE SOCILOGICAL IMAGINATION THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION The meaning or the definition of sociology has always been a controversy.
Application of Sociological Perspectives Introduction Sociology plays an immense role in helping us understand the happenings in the society. Sociology is thus essential in understanding how society works and to plan how to deal with various problems associated with it. It also helps in the understanding of how institutions such as family and home, school, religion, government, and the community contributes to the development of individuals. In addition, it provides solutions to problems facing the society such as crime.
Quite a bit of what we think about society, relationships, and social conduct has developed because of different human science theories. Students of sociology ordinarily invest a lot of energy and time, examining these distinctive theories. A few theories are not in favor because of lack of support, while others remain broadly acknowledged, yet all have contributed hugely to our comprehension of society, connections, and social conduct. By adapting more about these theories, you can pick up a more profound and wealthier comprehension of human science's past, present, and future. These sociological theories give researchers a lens through which to see the social world, and the analytic scaffolding to describe it and maybe even ways to change
Sociology Table of Contents Sociology 1 Key theoretical Perspectives in Sociology 2 Issues and Problems Concerned With Sociology 2 Research and Methodologies in Sociology 3 References 4 Sociology Sociology is considered to be new amongst the academic disciplines of the social sciences. Relatively when compared to the other disciplines such as anthropology, psychology and political sciences, etc., Sociology has the shortest history. The term was first used by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, a French essayist. Later, Augustus Comte re-conceptualise the term and introduced it as it now known by many.
Scientist have been studying society for centuries, sociology can be traced back to the ancient Greeks. Over the years, society have evolved and changed dramatically and continues to do so every day. There are many things that makes up sociology. Sociology is consisted of a few main terms, difference, privilege, inequality, and oppression. Difference is anything that sets an individual apart from the social norms of a culture.
The birth of sociology began with French philosopher Aguste Comte who became one of the first to use and apply this new method of study in the analysis of society. Comte wanted to use scientific facts in his quest to study the world, and saw sociology playing a central role in guiding it in a time of social change. Our cities began to grow, and religion flourished causing a dramatic shift in our lives. The three individuals most responsible for the modernization of sociology was Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx, these were three of the major thinkers in the discipline of sociology of religion. Durkheim, Weber, and Marx also had extensive training and education in other fields of study.
A binary in the subject of sexual orientation is words that are used to represent different sexual oriented individuals that have been pointed out as adjectives to society by being called homosexual, bisexual, gay, and queer. For sexual orientation binary words are used in a widely portion to describe how “abnormal” people are in order to compare them to what we would call “normal”. Words used to describe a group of people’s orientation are by placing them in the “homosexual” group, which is the group for people who are fond of the same sex. Also the word used to place people who are considered “normal” is “heterosexual” group, when a person has attractions to the opposite sex. Heterosexual and Homosexual binary words are based on the binary of sex.
1A. Sociology is the study of the society and human social relationships. It examines how social changes influence people at every stage of their social life. According to Marx, he believes that the social life is essentially about dispute over resources such as food, healthcare, money and land (Marx & Engels, 1970). His stance leads us to one of the key concerns in sociology known as social stratification. It is a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy based on their ease of access to scarce resources.
The word sociology was first coined by the famous philosopher August Comte. He was considered as ‘father of sociology’ as he coined the term. In his famous book ‘Positive Philosophy’ “Sociology is derived for the Latin term Socius, meaning companion or associate, and the Greek word logos, meaning study or science. Thus, the etymological meaning of sociology is the science of society. He defined sociology as the science of social phenomena “subject to natural an invariable laws, the discovery of which is the object of investigation” as illustrated by Comte.(1)
BACKGROUND Our life is heavily dependent on other humans, because human beings are social animals. Human infants are born unable to take care for themselves. Human survival always depends on another human’s efforts. Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
From the sociological analysis,I found that I myself was inevitably shaped by the society and history I am in. But it doesn’t necessarily mean that I have no choice but to go with the stream and be institutionalized as an invisible part of the collectivity. I am still myself and there are love,nature,beauty,poem and philosophy for me to enjoy. Everyone still has his own life and is still unique one who can’t be replaced by any other people in terms of himself,his family and friends. Thus, in my opinion,mastering sociological imagination has its own humanistic meaning.
1. For me, the word Queer can have several meanings depending on the contrast that is used. Usually is a word that is used to identify a person who falls into the LGBT community and even beyond. For example, many people are not sure of their sexuality or their sexuality is fluid can identify themselves as queers. The word has also been used to describe weird things, mostly seen in literature. Years ago, the word was used to insult the LGBT community to call them weird and odd.
-All these things play a crucial role in society and effect the way people think and behave. Sociological imagination is the idea that an individual must not blame oneself for the things that happen to them, but if not because of reasons they cannot challenge. For example, rather than seeing drinking tea every night as your choice, you can view it as a ritual that you practice daily because it was something you were taught by your parents to do every day. Sociology, although typically coined as a term that refers to the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society, was actually a term founded by Augustus Comte and was used as an umbrella to three different stages in history. Comte produced three stages of history which all formed part of sociology.