The goal of the experiment is to synthesize a bromohexane compound from 1-hexene and HBr(aq) under reflux conditions and use the silver nitrate and sodium iodide tests to determine if the product is a primary or secondary hydrocarbon. The heterogeneous reaction mixture contains 1-hexene, 48% HBr(aq), and tetrabutylammonium bromide and was heated to under reflux conditions. Heating under reflux means that the reaction mixture is heated at its boiling point so that the reaction can proceed at a faster rate. The attached reflux condenser allows volatile substances to return to the reaction flask so that no material is lost. Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst.
This also relates to the experiment performed above because it also affects how fast the rate of reaction is. Like how the temperature affected how long it took for the tablet to react to the water, if there is only one drop water used to dissolve the whole tablet, the time it takes for the whole tablet to react to the water and start to dissolve will be
This conclusion can be drawn because of celery’s large drop in pH and the data’s resemblance to the water data meaning celery cannot hydrolyze ions and keep a constant pH. Liver’s pH only changed by .47 which is not a dramatic change and can fall within scientific error and strongly relates to the alka seltzer data. Which, leads to the conclusion that liver does contain a buffer and is able to keep the same amount of hydrogen when acid is added. In conclusion, celery does not contain a buffer to keep pH constant and liver does have a buffer and can hydrolyze
12. The TLC data obtained is provided in a table below. The TLC data was conducted solely in a 9:1 hexane/ethyl acetate solvent solution as opposed to the 1:1 and pure hexane solution as well. This was due to the lack of time, but as explained in number 7, a very polar solvent (1:1 solution) or non-polar solvent (pure hexane) is not ideal when obtaining
Dehydration of 2-Methylcyclohexanol Sura Abedali Wednesday 2:00 PM January 31, 2018 Introduction: Dehydration reactions are important processes to convert alcohols into alkenes. It is a type of elimination reaction that removes an “-OH” group from one carbon molecule and a hydrogen from a neighboring carbon, thus releasing them as a water molecule (H2O) and forming a pi bond between the two carbons1. In this experiment, 2-methylcyclohexanol undergoes dehydration to form three possible products: methylenecylcohexane, 1-methylcyclohexene, and 3-methylcyclohexene in a Hickman still apparatus. Adding 85% Phosphoric Acid to protonates the “-OH” group, turning it into a better leaving group and initiating the dehydration reaction. The dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol takes place at the bottom of the Hickman still.
Unknown C was determined to be glucose with a percent error of 58.5%. If tap water was the solvent of the experiment, the results would look different. Tap water has impurities in the solvent. Therefore, it would take longer to freeze. The freezing point would be quite lower.
In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
Of the 65 rocks only 29 did NOT neutralize acid which is really good so the creek should not be acidic. We then took tests to tell if the water had eutrophication problems. Of all our phosphate tests we took it averaged out to 0.1ppm (parts per million) which is really outstanding. We then took nitrate tests and they averaged out 0.9ppm which is good. The last tests we took were dissolved oxygen tests and they came out 9.8ppm which shows how much oxygen is in the water and that is very great.
Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid. The chemical reaction observed showed that there was fizzing and bubbling, this is evidence that a new gas was being produced. This new gas, CO2 was generated from the reaction. After the fizzing stopped a liquid was leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover was the NaCl and H2O 4. You found a sample of a solution that has a faint odor resembling vinegar (an acid).
Sodium bromide and 1-butanol are dissolved in water since the bromide ion from the sodium bromide and the four carbon chain from the 1-butanol are the desired components of 1-bromobutane. In order to get the sodium bromide and the 1-butanol to react sulfuric acid is added to react with the sodium bromide and combine with the sodium ion producing hydro-bromic acid. Later, when the flask is heated the bromide ion will be able to combine with the four carbon chain of the 1-butanol. During the process of this reaction the reagents were kept cool in an ice bath to avoid the possible evaporation of any of the solution. Distillation took place until no more drops of product were dripping from the distillation head.