The advantages that the Spanish had over the Native Americans were extensive; including their weaponry and manpower but especially their vigilance towards the enemy “... for even if the Mexicans sued for peace again, he dared not trust them” (The Conquistadors, Hammond Innes, 1969). This was because the Spanish had a goal of domination and conquest, while the Aztec and the Incas were often ignorant and initially had no great fears of the Europeans. With the power of muskets, cannons, warships and more advanced technology, the Europeans were able to conquer and overwhelmed the Natives. While also leaving them in awe after creating great sounds with their firearms, they used the intimidation and fury of battle to scare the Indians. A large percentage …show more content…
Horses are quite an overwhelming animal, with great strength and, if trained, can ‘pack a punch’ when fighting the natives. With this ability to flank they were able to catch the leader of the Aztecs- Montezuma, “ Cortes actually told Montezuma that he had discovered the treasure, and Montezuma asked only that the spaniards not disturb or take any gorgeous and revered featherwork, which rightfully belonged not to him but to his gods. The gold he said, they could keep” (Conquistadors, Buddy levy, 2008).But there was no greater advantage that the Spanish had over the Native Americans than immunity to diseases (most important, as diseases moved faster that armies could spread). Even though the conquistadors had all of these advantages, they were still were only just beating the Aztecs towards the end of the conquest, so they sought the help of others. This included the neighbouring tribes of the Aztecs like the Toltecs, the Mixtecs, Zapotecs, as well as others that joined with approximately one thousand …show more content…
So with the tactic, Guile and surprise, which was used with great effect against the Americans, the natives had to find a solution to this Spanish strategy. So, the Aztecs soon became aware of the ways that the Europeans fought, and this almost led to their victory. This, near destruction of the Spanish was not only from the pure initiative of the Aztecs and predictability of the Spanish but also from the massive numbers, especially the Incans, had over the Spanish “ If twenty-five thousand indians perished for every spaniard, his men would still be destroyed” - Cortes (page 171, 1969, the conquistadors, George Rainbird). All the Aztec and Incan warriors were familiar with the land, giving them the advantage of the land “ Which ever figure is correct, it’s terraces and it’s single stairway of 114 steps made it a natural fortress” (page 171, 1969, The Conquistadors, george rainbird). They were familiarised with the land because of this guaranteed enrollment of every man being in the army, these born warriors were brought up as a young boy to fight and die for his people giving the Americas the training and natural ability to fight. When the Spanish invaded the Americas, the Incas owned the biggest empire in the world at that time. With the compulsory rule of every
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The most obvious is the shier size and composition difference. The Aztec force stood 300,000 warriors versus 700 Spanish infantrymen, 86 cavalrymen, and 118 crossbowmen were comprised of volunteers and adventurers, and over 50,000 Native Americans allied forces (Davis, 1999, p. xx). Aztec obsidian clubs and bows and arrows proved no match for the emerging technology armored infantrymen and cavalry of the Europeans.
The Spaniards made a big impact in the Americas. They killed many Incas,Tainos, and Aztecs. These populations lost many including their emperors. On the Spaniard 's side they had power by killing Atahualpa and Montezuma they could create colonies and take riched back to their country. The Spaniards weren 't the only ones to look for riches in the New World.
The Spanish Conquistadors had the advantage over the Aztecs in many ways. One way they used was using allies against thee Aztecs. The Aztecs was a tribute empire, where they required
A few weeks later, Hernando Cortés, and his crew had landed in Mexico. Unintentionally, Hernándo and his crew ended up bringing many diseases to Mexico (with them), which ended up wiping out pretty much the whole Aztec empire (which is what Hernándo’s goal was in the first
These conflicts made it easy for such European foreigners as the Spanish to conquer the local communities. The second vulnerability that Native Americans suffer is that they lacked sophisticated weapons and tools (Cleary, n.d). They were unable to wage war against the European adventurers who possessed better equipment. For instance, the Spaniards were able to conquer American lands because they had access to complex equipment that allowed them to travel by sea and wage war (Cleary, n.d).
The actions of the Spanish in South America were mostly war. But the Spanish did not win through force, they won through trickery. Take for example Hernan Cortes, he won the battle for what is now Mexico City, by first staying in the enemy’s city, and then killing their leader, retreating, and then cutting off the water and food supply of the Aztecs, waiting for their surrender. Then there was the conquest led by Francisco Pizarro, who also won his battle with “trickery”, though his is more of a confusion. His enemy was already weakened after some civil-wars, and he decided to take the enemy while they were surprised.
While the Spanish inquisition was going on back in Spain, a representative of Spain named Pizarro was taking over an entire colony. Pizarro's company of 168 won against Atahuallpa's army of 7,000 using a few advantages other than numbers. Pizarro was going to win all along, because of his Military advances, Atahuallpa’s ignorance, and his use of an ambush. There are many reasons why the Spaniards won in the battle between them and the Inca. Probably the most useful of those reasons would be their military advances.
The Aztec leader Montecuhzoma was a poor leader, he wasn’t concerned about the wellbeing of his people. In Broken Spears, readers will see that the Spaniards use nearby tribes to take over the Aztecs land, the Spaniards killed men, women and children. When the Aztecs hear about what the Spaniards have done they become furious and plan to retaliate but are quickly stopped by the diseases brought by the Spaniards. The Aztecs are exposed to small pox and measles but the Spaniards were unaffected by the diseases because they are well known in Europe and they are exposed to diseases
These differences were also smaller details under the larger ideas of barbarianism, new cultures, and the even bigger idea of inhumanity. The Spanish saw the Native Americans as slaves because they showed to be hard laborers and gave into the Spanish power. The Native Americans had a natural knack for manual tasks, so much that most Spaniards compared them to insects because both insects and Native Americans could do certain tasks that normal humans, such as high class Spaniards, could not. The Spaniards would never do such work as they believed that work was meant for slaves. When the Spanish took over the Aztec capital city, Sepúlveda remarks of how the Native Americans were “oppressed and fearful at the beginning.”
The Spanish terrorized Native Americans, which led many natives to fear the Spanish, and caused some to revolt against their reign. According to Eric Foner, “the Spanish forced tens of thousands of Indians to work in gold and silver mines, which
The first Europeans set foot on the New World was by a complete accident. Despite their differences, the Spanish was fed and sheltered by a group of Indians. The Spanish’s warm welcome was cut short when they began to spread diseases to the Indian group, killing over half of them. I can understand how the indigenous people would be enraged at these strangers, however in the Spanish’s defense they were not aware of the threat they posed to the Indian tribe. Eventually, the leader of this Spanish expedition escaped the clutches of the angry tribe and trekked onto Mexico.
The Spanish exploration and colonisation made both a positive and negative impact on Latin America. The arrival of the Spanish explorers to the new world made a big change and they are the reason Latin America looks the way it does today. However these people were ruthless and were the tyrants of the new world. One of Spain’s major foreign policy objectives since the advent of democracy has been to increase its influence in Latin America. Spain has had interest in this area due to historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural and religious heritage (Countrystudies.us, 2017).
Using war equipment that the Aztec had never seen before and different battle techniques, Cortes and his men were able to quickly and effectively conquer Tenochtitlan. During battle against the Aztecs, animals from Spain that served in many battles called horses (about twelve), as well as swords and crossbows (a much more advanced version of the Aztec war club and spear-thrower) were labelled as advanced technology as they were quicker, deadlier, and consequently more efficient. These many advantages against the Aztecs and their traditional weapons; and therefore the Spaniards won many battles alongside their allies, and succeeded greatly by using guns that were far more powerful than the Aztecs' weapons. Unfair as it is, this gave the Spanish explorer a supremacy in conquering one of the most elaborate European cities at the time. “The Aztecs were unable to rebel against the Spaniards because most of them were sick or dead from smallpox.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
In doing so, the Spaniards allow close relation to those Indians that want bilateral relation. While sharing allegiance with one another the Spaniards continue their conquest by expanding their influence by spreading religion, beliefs, social structure, political powers and harvesting