The Space Race refers to the 20th century competition for dominance of space flight capability during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. They both sought to prove their superiority in its technology, military power, and extensively their political-economic systems. Between 1957 and 1975, space programs were established and man was sending satellites and their own people into space. The Space Race impacted both countries and paved the way for current technologies used today.
On October 1, 1957, the Soviet Union launched its first satellite. Sputnik became known as the world’s first artificial satellite in space. It weighed 184 pounds in was 32 inches in diameter. Sputnik orbited the Earth every 98 minutes and traveled …show more content…
In his early years, he skipped sixth and eighth grade. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1944 and served in the Navy for a while before being selected to attend the United States Naval Test Pilot School. Shepard became a wingman in the VF-193, a night fighter squadron, to Commander James Ramage of Air Group 19. He then later became an instructor at the test pilot school and in graduated the Naval War College in 1957. After graduation, he became an Aircraft Readiness Officer on the staff of the Commander in Chief of the Atlantic Fleet. At the end of 1957, Shepard had logged 36,000 flying hours. He was then recruited by NASA and placed in the first group of 35, which was shown to be the most promising candidates for Project Mercury. On January 19, 1961, the director of NASA’s space task group chose Shepard after the group had been narrowed to seven prime …show more content…
His scheduled flight was postponed multiple times and gave Russia the successful chance to send the first man into space. Shepard eventually launched on May 5, 1961. He named his spacecraft, Mercury Spacecraft 7, Freedom 7. Alan Shepard became known as the second person in space and the first American in space.
As technology advanced, the Soviet Union and American space programs continued to advance and compete against each other. Physical sciences and a great emphasis on math was introduced in American school systems and the number of space operations grew. Many satellites were sent into space, space crews were launched, and the Americans stepped foot on the moon. The space race and its technological advancements allowed both Russia and America to
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When the first space shuttle was launched into space, the world changed forever. New information was able to be discovered through exploration. The most famous space shuttle would probably be the Challenger. The Challenger was the first space -shuttle to attempt to take a normal civilian, Christa McAuliffe, into space, and also the first space shuttle to explode. Although the Challenger exploded, Christa McAuliffe was unknowingly made into a legend as the first attempted civilian in space; even though she never made it to space, she inspired many to work for their dreams.
Most people know the first man to set foot on the moon, but do you know the first American to orbit the Earth? That man was John Glenn. John Glenn was a very important and significant man within the NASA program , “Project Mercury”. Glenn had many great accomplishments in his lifetime and played a crucial role in the advancement of american space exploration. John Glenn was born on July 18,1921 in Cambridge Ohio.
The Gemini XI mission from NASA’s Gemini Project set the current record for high-apogee earth orbit, performed the first direct-ascent rendezvous, and created the first intentional artificial gravity with the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV). In addition to these notable achievements, some of the other objectives included two extra-vehicular activities (EVAs), passive attitude stabilization of the combined Gemini XI-ATV craft, various scientific experiments, and a computer controller atmospheric re-entry. Charles “Pete” Conrad Jr was appropriately chosen as this mission’s command pilot, as he succeeded during his Gemini 5 mission and was among the best pilots in the second “New Nine” group of pilots. This skill would be integral to maneuvering the spacecraft for rendezvous. This mission was the first flight for pilot Richard F. Gordon Jr, who belonged to the third group of astronauts.
The race continued until 1969 when Niel Armstrong set foot on the moon (Seedhouse 128). The first satellite the Soviet Union launched into orbit was called Sputnik and it came as an unpleasant surprise to many Americans (“The Space Race”). Historians argue that the Soviet Union won the space race on October 4 1957 with the launch of Sputnik, but most agree it was just the start to the race (Seedhouse 128). After the launch of Sputnik the United States launched their own satellite in 1958 called explorer 1 which was designed by the United States army. The race began to heat up and the Soviet Union launched Luna 2 which became the first space probe to hit the moon (“The Space Race”).
Seven months later the Soviets suffered from a launch pad explosion. A few days later in Florida we sent the first men to the moon. We used a Saturn 5 rocket to get to the moon. We were in space for four days before landing in “The sea of tranquility.” (Udvar)
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. " This well known quote by the renowned astronaut Neil Armstrong forever marked the beginning of a new age as the Space Race came to its final chapter. The Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War era was a pivotal period in the history of space exploration, where these two global superpowers aim to compete for technological superiority in military and space. While both the United States and the Soviet Union gained significant benefits from the Space Race in terms of technological advancements, scientific discoveries, and national prestige, the United States emerged as the primary beneficiary due to its long-lasting impact on space exploration and technological innovation.
Alan Shepard achieved many things throughout his life during his life with NASA. He went to the U.S Naval Academy and Naval Test pilot school soon after graduation and he graduated the academy with a B.S. He received a pilot's license and spent time on aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean. After that, he was assigned as an aircraft readiness officer on the Atlantic Fleet. He even served on the Destroyer in the Pacific during World War 2.
This was possible with the help of some of the Nazi scientists that were brought over through operation paperclip. One of the most influential scientist to help with NASA was Werner Von Braun. Before the war Von Braun was researching and working on liquid fueled rockets. (2) Later on he successfully sent a rockets the farthest at the time. Later on when he wanted to continue his research he had to work for the military.
She became the first female astronaut to go into space Mae C. Jemison came to Earth on September 20, 1992 for eight days or 190 hours in space. Mae C. Jemison noted that societies should recognize how much women and people can contribute if given opportunities. On October 17, 1956 a astronaut was born in Decatur, Alabama, Mae C, Jamison. Her father Charles Jemison was a carpenter and a roofer,
Furthermore, one long-term impact of the Space Race is the improvement of foreign relations as joint efforts between the nations achieved far more with cooperation rather than competition. The Cold War was between two superpowers, both of which tried to compete with each other relying on their own nation’s resources, but in doing so they proved that both sides were capable of great feats. Therefore, when the war ended with a period of detente, the two nations teamed up in 1975 to launch the Apollo-Soyuz project, the first joint US- Soviet space mission. NASA astronauts in an Apollo Command and Service Module met Russian cosmonauts in a Soyuz capsule, but most notably a jointly designed docking module fulfilled the main mission, evidently showing that two different nations with different space-craft had the potential to both dock in orbit. Moreover, the mission itself allowed both sides to alter misconstrued perceptions of the others.
Soon after the Cold War came to an end, the United States and the USSR both began military technological advancements. If the USSR could get missiles into space, they could set them off at anyone anywhere. In the interest of protecting America and possibly the rest of the world, the main objective for the Space Race was to protect us against missiles from the USSR military. These advancements led to a competition between the US and the USSR to see who would be the first to space. America and the USSR were two of the most powerful countries in the entire world at that point in time.
The Space Race seemed to only benefit the Soviets in the beginning. They were the first to launch Sputnik in 1957, and famously the first to put a man in space, Yuri Gagarin. According to historians though, these initial Soviet victories helped the United States to reach the moon first. In an effort to educate the public about the impacts of the original Soviet dominance in the war and how it helped propel the United States into the country who landed on the moon first, Asif Siddiqi, an esteemed space historian with a PhD from Fordham University stated, "In some ways, Sputnik and Gagarin were like gifts to NASA... You're not going to have a moon program without that kind of a shock.
On July 16 1969 Armstrong and his pilots took off to the moon. About seven hours after they landed, they opened the door and walked down the ladder before he became the first man to walk on the moon, He said “that’s one small step for man, and one giant leap for mankind “. Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent more than 2 hours outside the craft. They studied the surface and collected rocks, and after a day, they left and docked with Collins while he was in orbit then all three flew back.