Sputnik And The Space Race

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The Space Race refers to the 20th century competition for dominance of space flight capability during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. They both sought to prove their superiority in its technology, military power, and extensively their political-economic systems. Between 1957 and 1975, space programs were established and man was sending satellites and their own people into space. The Space Race impacted both countries and paved the way for current technologies used today.
On October 1, 1957, the Soviet Union launched its first satellite. Sputnik became known as the world’s first artificial satellite in space. It weighed 184 pounds in was 32 inches in diameter. Sputnik orbited the Earth every 98 minutes and traveled 18,000 miles an hour. Sputnik transmitted radio signals back to Earth that were strong enough to picked up amateur radio operators. Sputnik was ten times the size of the first American planned satellites. Sputnik 2 launched on November 3, 1957 and carried the first animal, a dog named Laika. The start of a successful space program for the Soviet Union, caught the Americans off guard. The United States feared the new Soviet technology in rockets and satellites.
Project Orbiter was a United States Earth satellite program founded in 1954 as a joint U.S. Army and U.S. Navy proposal. On January 31, 1958, the United States responded with launch of Explorer 1. Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the Americans. The Jet Propulsion

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