The U.S launched this in 1958 which was the same year that President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order, creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, abbreviated to and commonly known as NASA, a federal agency dedicated to space exploration. Two national security-related space programs were also created by President Eisenhower. Both these programs would operate along with NASA’s program; the first program was devoted to develop the military potential of space and was lead by the U.S Air Force. The second program made use of orbiting satellites to collect information on their rival, the Soviet Union and all its allies. It was led by the Air Force, the Central Intelligence Agency and a new organization called the National Reconnaissance Office, code-named as ‘Corona’, and which was kept classified until the beginning of the 1990’s (Bracey, 2007).
VOSTOK-1 Vostok one was the primary manned ballistic capsule and created a history. The Vostok 3KA ballistic capsule was launched on Gregorian calendar month twelve, 1961. USSR sent its cosmonaut; Yuri Gagarin within the flight. The flight marked the primary time that an individual's entered space, likewise because the 1st orbital flight of a manned vehicle. Vostok one was designed by soviet engineers guided by Sergei Korolev below the supervising of Kerim Kerimov.
What is the Space Race? The Space Race, a competition which grew out of the cold war with both sides wishing to exploit propaganda and military benefits of making the first forays beyond the Earth’s surface and atmosphere It lasted from 1955 to 1972. The USSR won the early victories of this race. It put Sputnik 1 in space on October 4, 1957, along with the first man in space (Yuri A. Gagarin) on April 12, 1961. After that, President John F. Kennedy announced in May 1961 that within a decade, an American would land on a moon and came safely home.
These races do share one major similarity in that the goal of both was and is to make the United States a leader in space exploration; however, the reasons and participants in each race are very different. After World War II, during the Cold War era, the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States was a tense and competitive one with each wanting to maintain the role as the world’s superpower, especially militarily and technologically. The Soviet Union took the initiative to become superior in the space field by successfully launching the first artificial Earth satellite on October 4, 1957, Sputnik 1. Then, just one month later, on November 3, 1957, Russia launched the spacecraft, Sputnik 2, into orbit which had the first living passenger, a dog named Laika. “The United States, locked in a Cold War with the Soviet Union, realized that if the Russians had rocket technology that could launch a satellite into space, then they could also have the capability to launch nuclear warheads against their enemies” (McGill).
Russia successfully launched the first artificial satellite in 1957, and this is what started the space age and the United States of America and the U.S.S.R space race. On September 12, 1962, John F. Kennedy stated “We meet at a college noted for knowledge, in a city noted for progress, in a state noted for strength, and we stand in a need of all three, for we meet in an hour of change and challenge, in a decade of hope and fear, in an age of both knowledge and ignorance,” as he delivered the Rice stadium moon speech. Kennedy delivered this speech in hopes of persuading Americans to support NASA’s intention to send a space ship to the moon. He attempted to persuade this using syntax and ethos. “I appreciate your president having made me an honorary visiting professor” Kennedy says as he also states that his “first lecture will be very brief.” He then begins by establishing credibility with his audience by using ethos.
Cousino’s story. The Challenger, an aircraft made by NASA for space exploration, remains one of the most well known aircrafts launched by the company. The aircraft remains infamous due to the horrific live broadcast of the explosion. Before the horrendous accident, the Challenger went through rigorous trials over a span of three years before lifting off for the mission. The first recorded flights of the Challenger occurred between April 4th and April 9th of 1983.
Our Journey to the Moon On September 12, 1962 President John F. Kennedy gave a speech in Houston, Texas at Rice Stadium. This 18 minute long speech was made to convince the people of the United States as to why we should go to the moon. The “We choose to go to the Moon” speech was written by both John F. Kennedy and his speech writer, Ted Sorensen (Press). The purpose behind this speech was to gain America’s support and to get everyone on board with the idea of space exploration. The reason for the embarkment of space exploration was due to the ongoing space race between the U.S. and the USSR.
The 1950’s Space Race One of the bigger events that happened during the 1950’s and 1960’s would have to be the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union. At the time the two countries were in what was called the Cold War, this was a race to have an advantage over the other country and have something the other did not. They were trying to out doing each other with atomic weapons to intimidate each other, then the countries realized the huge advantages of having technology in space and the possibilities that comes with it. Both countries immediately got to work trying to get as much to space and the moon with as much success as possible. T The Soviet Union had the first big breakthrough on October 4, 1957 when they launched the satellite Sputnik which in Russian means traveler ().
He built the first Russian wind tunnel in 1897. In 1903, as part of a series of articles in a Russian aviation magazine, Tsiolkovsky published the rocket equation. In 1929, he published a theory of multistage rockets. Tsiolkovsky was also the author of Investigations of Outer Space by Rocket Devices (1911) and Aims of Astronauts (1914) (452, 1). Famous quotes attributed to Tsiolkovsky are: "The Earth is the cradle of mankind, but mankind cannot stay
There are people who believe that the entire moon landing was “ The greatest government conspiracy of all time”. But the question is; why would they do that? What would be the reason for a government, who wants their country to trust them, to fake such an incredible event? After World War II drew to a close in the mid-20th century, both the US and