This essay outlines two of the many perspectives used by psychologists to understand human behaviours, namely Humanism and Psychoanalysis. It gives a detailed discussion on the key factors of the two perspectives and also makes a distinction between such factors. The central ideas of the aforementioned perspectives are also discussed in the essay below together with the methods of discovery used to explore human behaviour. Furthermore, a comparison of the strengths and weaknesses of Humanism and Psychoanalysis are outlined in the paragraphs below.
The idea of Psychoanalysis was first brought about by Dr Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis was inspired by Freud’s interest and influence of Dr Breuer and held high interest in one of Dr Breuer’s patient …show more content…
131). Humanism has mostly to do with process and emphasizes on the Gestalt therapy (Scholl, Ray and Brady Amoon, 2013, pp. 218 and 219), which is an organized whole and views the individual in depth as well as includes different types of principles such as individualism, valuing subjective experiences and respecting the individual (Scholl et al.; 2013, p.218) in order to find deeper meaning and understanding to the individuals situation in order to improve it and create a bond/relationship with the patient. Through this the patient shows signs of improvement with regards to exploring ones self and pushes the patient to reach their full potential and to get in touch with their emotions. This leads to the different principles to actually start applying to the patient which leads to a point of self actualization (Scholl et al.; 2013, p.224). Self actualization could be seen as being a strength in humanism as getting in touch with emotions can be regarded as a difficult task, and by helping the patient understand the concept of controlling emotions or simply getting in touch with them is a strength of Humanism. On the other hand a weakness could possibly be the assumption that “person-centered therapists” are trustworthy since the beginning (Thorne, 2011, p. 134). Similarly many factors of Humanism are based on things people might necessarily not be …show more content…
The central focus of Psychoanalysis has to do with past experiences and sexual orientation and how each affects every decision the patient makes. (Freud, 1910, 180). It also has the “surrogate relation” to which same emotions from past experiences are replaced by a different memory making the patient get rid of pain through suppression of memory. On the other hand Humanism is based on the patient as being a whole and helping the patient succeeded by understanding the self concept and how person centered therapy needs to be match up to the actualizing tendency (Thorne, 2011,
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Whereas, “The Behaviourist perspective focuses on the role of the external environment in governing our actions” (Passer, 2009, p13) Sigmund Freud developed the extremely influential and controversial theory of psychoanalysis. Despite the controversy, he had a huge impact on the field of psychology
It has influenced American psychology for decades. At first it was said that Humanistic Psychology was made to rebel against the two main schools of thought, it sought to show the importance of our consciousness and the view of our life’s. Humanistic psychology has influenced mainstream psychology so much that the field suffered an “identity crisis”. Humanism contributed to psychology and helped psychologists learn new ways of learning and thinking about mental health. It is also said that the influence of humanism might have not been so important anymore.
If man where aware of his selfishness how could he able to sacrifice some of his smaller ends for the sake of larger. Even granting that man sacrifices some of his smaller ends only because he is calculative weight the higher ends and evaluates them accordingly, does it not indicate, in some sense, that man is not utterly selfish and un improvably bad, Distinguishing between the smaller and the bigger end is synonymous with evaluating them and, to choose one against the other implies not merely that man has a capacity for evaluating alternatives but also that he is capable of directing his will on to accomplishing that he thinks desirable.” Reflecting along these lines we are unable to diagnose the social ill.
Introduction The aim of this paper is to integrate the philosophical and practical assumptions of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic and the person-centered school. Taking the psychodynamic approach as the core theoretical orientation, the propositions of other schools of psychotherapy may be integrated to formulate client problem as well as inform treatment. This paper will begin with outlining the key philosophies of the psychoanalytic/psychodynamic and person-centered approach, followed by their points of contact and opposition as well as their strengths and weakness. Secondly, an integrated framework may be briefly explained.
— Carl Rogers Applying the principles of humanism to therapy, Rogers progressed the humanistic approach by publishing “Client-Centered Therapy.” — Erich Fromm Challenging Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis, Fromm brought the fundamental concepts of human freedom, and the influence of society and culture on individuals to treatment. THE
Abstract This paper focuses on person-centered therapy. Person-centered therapy is an approach to help individuals develop a sense of self. This therapy is different from others as the client is responsible for improving his own life, not the therapist. However, it is important for the therapist to create a conducive environment for the client so that the client feels safe and secure and will be at ease to share problems or issues during therapy sessions.
This positive outlook of human nature profoundly leads the practice of Rogers' person-centered therapy. Because of the idea that a person has an innate, inherent capacity to escape the wrath of maladjustment, and to enter the realm of psychological health, the primary responsibility is directed at the "client." Therefore, person-centered therapy is rooted in the client's capacity for awareness and his or her ability to make decisions (Corey, 1996). By viewing individuals in this positive light, the focus is geared toward what is right with the person and not on what is wrong with him or her.
Psychoanalysis was first introduced by Sigmund Freud and is now known as classical psychoanalysis. The theory, as defined by Sigmund Freud, is the dynamic between underlying forces that determine behavior and personality. He stressed the importance of human sexuality, childhood experiences, and the unconscious processes. However, his theory was seen as misogynistic and narrow focused. Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars.
15 Pages Humanistic Psychology Jacob Ryder Saint Leo University Abstract Humanistic psychology is a perspective that was conceived in the 1960’s and became mainstream in the twentieth century. The roots of the humanistic perspective lie with the teachings of Socrates, with an emphasis on an individual’s drive towards self-actualization and inspiration. Humanism emphasizes the systematic study of the whole person, looking at behavior from the perspective of both the observer and the patient. The humanistic perspective differed from both the behaviorist and psychodynamic approach with its emphasis on the whole person concept with a holistic approach.
Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is reflected as the forefathers of psychology and founder of psychoanalysis. Based on Freud’s theories, psychoanalytic therapy is a type of treatment that tends to observe at the background from early childhood to perceive if these situations have affected the individual’s life, or to current issues. (Counselling Directory, 2014) This therapy discovers how the unconscious mind empowers thoughts and behaviors, with the purpose of offering insight and resolution to the person seeking therapy. This form of therapy is a long-term treatment whereby it can take duration up to weeks, months or even years depending on the complexity of the patient being explored.
Over the years, many theories have been developed to study the human personality. Some of the notable theories are psychoanalytic theory, trait theory, humanistic theory and behavioural theory. In this assignment, we have chosen to compare and contrast the psychoanalytic and humanistic theories. Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche
However, in this essay, I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psychoanalytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is mostly easily determinable.