Cardiac Surgery: Surgical Site Infection

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Cardiac surgeries are considered as a big problem around the world; because of the consequences of surgical site infections. There are several risk factors which may lead to surgical infections. However, the factors are categorized into three groups of preoperative, perioperative and postoperative risk factors that may lead to microbial surgical site infections in patients with post cardiac surgery. The medical (morbidity and mortality) and financial consequences in association with surgical site infections are very significant and considerable. But, the use of standard sterilization protocols and accurate surgical methodologies may help to reduce the microbial infections in patients with cardiac surgery. For this reason, the focused aim of…show more content…
Introduction Surgical site infections (SSIs) are in association with surgeries incisions which may lead to unserious superficial infections and/or serious deep infections within soft tissues or organs in human bodies during 30 days after the surgery. The general reported signs and symptoms pertaining to SSI include fever, pain, redness and pus drainage from the incision (1, 2). According to different studies, the morbidity and mortality of SSI after cardiac surgery is high. However, the reduction of triggering peripheral predisposing factors may lead to decrease the number of infections. There are several parameters which influence the occurrence of SSI including individual and personnel hygiene, surgical methodologies, application of antibiotics, sterilization techniques, blood quality and the type of incisions. It is known that the cardiac operations are needed for a huge amount of blood (2-6). Due to the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) reports, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most important pathogenic bacterium which may cause life threatening post cardiac operation infections in hospitalized patients (2, 3, 5, 7,…show more content…
6. Discussion Surgical incision repair system in human being is a harmonic orchestra which involves cellular and molecular biology. It is a natural arrangement of several events including cellular division, cellular growth and tissue remodeling. For example, re-epithelialization without any microbial infection is a normal process of healing mechanism when an accurate and standard sterilization procedure is applied along with an operation. But, the normal course relating to surgical incision healing may be go wrong because of different aforementioned pre-, peri- and postoperative risk factors (9, 14). There are some bald risk factors including the number and type of microorganisms, the condition of cardiac surgery procedure and OR, and the health of host's immune system that determine the challenges relating to management of cardiac incisions in hospitals and medical care centers (3, 5, 9,

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