In 1984, Congress passed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act which raised the drinking age from eighteen to twenty-one. Since then, the total number of fatally injured drivers who were under the influence of alcohol has dropped by fifty-seven percent among people between the ages of sixteen and twenty. Despite this, many still believe that the national drinking age should be lowered to eighteen. However, not only does a drinking age of twenty-one save lives, but underage drinking is also linked to both sexual assault and drug use. In addition, scientists say that the human brain is not fully developed until the age of twenty-five and that underage drinkers are much more likely to develop an alcohol-related problem later in life.
Drunk driving seems to be a black spot of our civilization. An average of 17,000 individuals die each year in drunk driving related accidents, and drunk driving continues to be an enormously important public safety issue (MADD). With lowering this drinking age we can only expect more cases of drunk driving and more lives are put in danger. The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration estimates that about 900 lives are saved annually due to fewer alcohol-related traffic crashes involving underage drivers. Surely, it should be a priority for the society to minimize the death toll from drunk driving.
Finally, I believe that tougher DUI laws should be enacted. For starters, people forget how many innocent people get killed by drunk drivers. People are not taking it into consideration, that tougher DUI laws are to help people from getting injured and or killed. Firstly, one very important precaution that many people forget to consider, is how they are going to get home after they have been drinking. Jacey Fortin journalist for the New York Times Newspaper, shares that, alcohol related car accidents were reduced as much as 35% in New York when Uber was brought to town in 2011 (Fortin).
In America, for every fifty one minutes, someone is killed in a tragic drunk driving accident. That almost equates to twenty seven people every single day. Statistics by FBI states that in the year 2011 alone over 1.2 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. Also over 3,952 drivers have been tested positive for drug involvement after they had encountered an accident and escaped with deathly injuries.
In addition, recent studies have shown that human drivers are more likely to be involved in an accident in comparison to driverless cars. Cars of Tomorrow-Still Not Flying states; “Google has had a fleet of driverless cars since 2009, and they’ve driven over a half a million miles without a crash. Human drivers get in an accident about every half a million miles on average in the United States, so either the Google cars are due, or they’re going to out-drive humans yet again.” This explains that in recent humans are more accident prone and get into accidents more frequently. Not to mention the fact that amongst humans driverless cars could ultimately end up saving lives.
Snyder uses the percentages of the average alcohol consumption of a certain age contrasting to the amount of time to support her claim. In the graphs provided, it can pinpointed that for “a 20-year-old man who saw few alcohol advertisements...was predicted to have 9 alcoholic drinks in the past month compared with 16 drink if he saw many advertisements”(Synder 5). Snyder uses fear and caution to attract the readers to her statement against the exposures that lead youths drinking. In the article, she states that underage kids “who consume approximately 20% of all alcoholic drinks...are involved in twice as many fatal car crashes while drinking”(Snyder 1). She list other negative effects of
Some days crime rates are up and then the next they are down, what we do know is that America is becoming safer. In 2005, 11,346 persons were killed by firearm violence 477,040 persons were victims of a crime committed with a firearm, (National Institute of Justice). Surprisingly, a lot of gun violence in America is related to self defense. Between 1987 and 1990 it was found that guns were used in defense during a crime incident 64,615 times annually. This equates to two times out of 1,000 incidents (0.2%) that occurred in this time frame.
Distracted driving causes many accidents in the US every years. With being a distracted driving, around “3,154 people are killed in distraction-related crashes and about 424,000 people are injured in crashes involving a distracted driver” (Harper). In what ways can the people develop solutions to prevent distracted driving for teenagers? One way to help prevent distracted driving is to enforce stricter laws for the amount of passengers allowed in a car with a teenage driver. Backseat drivers can cause the most distractions for a driver and also the use of any technology while driving.
Teenage suicide, in other words, youth suicide has not been a new issue in modern life nowadays. This matter has become a tragedy over the world, a burden for both governments and families. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), suicide is the third-leading cause of death for 15-24 years old, after accidents and homicide. The statistics of CDC estimates that at least 25 attempts are made for every completed teen suicide. From the number of deaths and the serious of consequences, not only authorities but also parents, siblings and friends take actions to prevent and help young people.
As a result, teen suicide is the third leading cause for all deaths among teens aged 15-19. Teens suicide attempts and completions have steadily been on the rise since 2000. Surveys have found that 25% of high school and 10% of college students have seriously considered suicide sometime in their life. Therefore, any teen who mentions anything about suicide should be taken seriously.” (Reed) Frala 2
“In 2013, there were a total of 30,057 fatal crashes in the United States that involved 44,574 drivers. As a result of those fatal crashes, almost 32,719 people were killed.” Almost half of distracted driving crashes are rear end crashes which then results in hitting more cars and making those cars go out of control ending in either hitting innocent people or more cars. There are many things the Federal government and the states are doing to prevent this thing from happening. Such as “many states are banning texting while driving, or using graduated driver licensing systems for teen drivers, to help raise awareness about the dangers of distracted driving and to keep it from occurring.”
More than 3,000 teens die each year in Canada in crashes caused by texting while driving In 2012 driver distraction was the cause of 18 percent of all fatal crashes Text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted. the statistics above are from: http://distracteddriving.caa.ca/education/
Such a decrease indicates that alcohol was negatively affecting drivers, which shows just how severe the effects of alcohol can be. The significance of this statistic is not that the amount of drunk driving went down, but the total amount of car crashes in America decreased from 46,087 crashes in 1986, to 39,251 crashes in 1991, showing more conclusive evidence for the need of a legal drinking age of 21 (fhwa). As stated on the consumer information for the Federal Trade Commission website, “Alcohol consumption can interfere with development of the young adult brain 's frontal lobes, essential for functions such as emotional regulation, planning, and organization. When alcohol consumption interferes with this early adult brain development, the potential for chronic problems
Although it is a law commonly evaded; it prevents young people from car accidents and alcohol abuse or dependence. In the article is acknowledged that “more than 40 percent of college students reported at least one symptom of alcohol abuse or dependence”; a rate that would be highly increased if the drinking age is reduced. On top of that, it is worth considering the magnitude in which car accidents have dropped since the drinking age was lowered. The organization Mother Against Drunk Driving (MADD) CEO Chuck Hurley said “Nearly all peer- reviewed studies looking at the change showed raising the driving age reduced drunk-driving deaths.” It is undeniable that lowering the drinking age would generate an already managed issue in regards alcohol and its relation to car
Last year, 4 million young Americans ages 12 and older received treatment for alcohol or illicit drugs. Millions more didn’t seek help. Forty-one percent of 12th graders report alcohol consumption in the previous 30 days. The types of prescription medications most commonly abused by people are painkillers (such as Vicodin and OxyContin),