2.2.5 The Nature of Reading Reading is described as the ability to make meaning from a written discourse. When one reads a written discourse, s/he considers the words are composed of graphemes, phonemes, and morphemes; sentences have syntactic composition, propositions, and stylistic features. In addition, deep comprehension of the sentences needs the construction of referents of nouns, a discourse focus, presuppositions, and plausible inferences. Reading without paying particular attentions to GLs may also be rather useful, but not totally. In short, the reader needs a lot of skills and a good deal of knowledge to recognize what is new information and what is already known in the text.
We get most concise understanding of what we read after reading. Why reading is important? Reading isn’t just about going from the beginning to the end of a written passage.rather we read to get the knowledge, to gain new vocabulary, to improve our understanding and also to spend leisure time. T Elements of reading Comprehension Reading comprehension has two elements that complete the process. Vocabulary konwledge.
For example, second language writers make use of their budding knowledge of English as they create texts for different audiences and different purposes, just as first language writers do. As students develop control over the language, their writing gradually begins to approximate standard English. It makes sense that the task of English writing should be similar for both first and SLLs. After all, the problems writers face are either specific to the conventions of written English, such as spelling, grammar, rhetorical choice, or that they relate to more general aspects of the writing process, elements that go into writing in any
Dictation is one technique of writing: listening, reading and writing skills combine to achieve write correctly. Development of the grammar, they should practice repetition of what they have already learned and practice new thing that is harder to master. And the development of writing, they should write to the changing pattern of incidents within the meaning of the event. For example, if events happen in the past, they must use past tense. If events happen in the present, they must use present tense.
For instance, some learn how to read and write, while they do not understand the meaning of what they read or write. Such a consideration is useful in understanding the relationship between spoken and written English. The development of spoken language is vital in the development of writing skills in the same language, which makes learning easier for children who have already acquired certain aspects of speech in regards to the language, as native speakers are likely to learn how to write faster than English second-language learners. In such regard, the ability of a kid to develop sense out of English, build a vocabulary, produce English sounds, understand the association between letters and sound is key to the development of verbal grammar, sentence structure, and organization of ideas among others (Venezky, 1970). Therefore, the failure of an English learner to demonstrate some oral skills as described will have an impact on their reading and writing abilities since difficulties will be indicated in the areas regardless of the subject.
We pronounce English words more clearly and correctly than before because of following the production of speech sounds such as voicing, the place ,and the manner of articulation. Finally, we know some unusual pronunciations of English words by reading phonetic transcriptions such as sword /sɔːrd/ and schedule /ˈskedʒ.uːl/. The unit 2, we learn about the allophone, various ways to pronounce the word. For example, the sound
The movements might seem small, but they are very good for basic motor skills. When someone learns cursive, they strengthen their hand muscles and become better at basic tasks like tying shoes, buttoning buttons, and picking up objects. Additionally, students who learn cursive often score higher on reading and spelling tests; one could call cursive a mind and body workout. Equally important, learning cursive allows one to read cursive. The English language has countless texts in cursive; if one does not know cursive, they could only gain the information from a, possibly unreliable, narrator.
" Whole language " is a method of teaching reading that emphasizes literature and text comprehension . Students are taught to use critical thinking strategies and to use context to " guess " words that they do not recognize . In the younger grades, children use invented spelling to write their own stories . Both instructional methods use elements that are emphasized in the other; the differences between the methods are largely related to what is emphasized and the sequence of skill instruction . Phonics : Phonics is seen to be an improvement on the previously used method of learning the approximate sounds represented by letters ( b = buh) first and then blending them with other sounds ( b1 = bluh ) to decode and encode words in written form .
Boonkit, K. (2010) agreed that vocabulary is singled out as important factors to be emphasized in building fluency for English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Especially, vocabulary is central to English language learning because without sufficient vocabulary students cannot understand others or express their opinion. Consequently, knowing a lot of vocabulary will help everyone to understand and learn English better, because vocabulary is very important factor in learning
It gives strategies such as reader-generated questions. Asking learners to read a text, teachers must identify information that is necessary for understanding the text, evaluate learners' prior knowledge of these necessities, and fill any gaps that are found. It will help me to plan responsive activities around reading and interpreting texts. Sharing ideas, comparing perspectives, and coming to the agreement are all ways that learners use the language of the text in meaningful ways, and therefore progress to higher levels of language proficiency and reading