The Analytic Approach To Reading And Writing

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1.1 Teaching Writing to Adult Learners 3

2.0 Approaches to Teaching Reading to ABET Learners 5

2.1 Five Technical Aspects of Print 6

2.2 Ten Rules for Teaching People to Read 7


Reading and writing are linked. One cannot know how to write but not read. Reading is the reading of writing. So once learners know how to read they can move onto writing. Writing takes a lot of practice, time and effort. For adult learners it might take a bit longer for them to get the
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This approach also works best when learners read a text that is familiar than an unfamiliar one. When it comes to teaching reading the Synthetic approach is used more or a combination of the two approaches call the Eclectic approach. In my opinion to teach adult learners how to read I would the Synthetic Approach at the beginning and then the Analytic approach later on when my learners know the basic.
‘To be able to read writing in our society you have to understand the conventions by which writing is presented on the page’.
There are a few technical aspects of print that learners need to know but the five I think are important are:
• Print is arranged from left to right and from top to bottom:
We read and write from the left of a page to right as well as from the top of the page to the bottom, going from left to write.
• Words are separate clusters of letters:
A few letters put together make a word. Words usually have a meaning.
• Letters usually represent sounds:
Each letter of the alphabet has a sound. Sounding out the letters help form a word. One can sound out the letters at the beginning, middle and end of a word and put all the sounds together to form the
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Some learners might already the basics where as others might not know anything at all. So to start off I will explain to learners the technicalities of print and rules of writing. For example, sentences usually express an action or verb as well as each letter represents a sound.
We should start each sentence with a capital letter.
One important rule is that new sentences and proper nouns use capital letters. For example: people’s names and surnames, countries, continents, specific places and things all use capital letters at the beginning of the word.
Learners should know that there are spaces between words.
Without spaces between words its more difficult to see where pauses and audible gaps should take place. With spaces in between words it makes more sense than one long line of words bundled together. It also makes a text easier to read and understand.
Learners should be able to recognize where one sentence ends and the next begins.
This rule is connected with using the proper punctuation in a written text. If full stops are used correctly the learner will be able to see that the sentence ends here and a new one begins. However, if there are no full stops one will just keep reading a long line but there are other ways to identify where a sentence ends. Learners can look for capital letters as another indication of where a new sentence

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