During the end of the sixteenth century to the mid eighteenth century, the Baroque Era prospered in Europe and its provinces. This section studies the Baroque expressions and the political setting against which they created. The writing of this period incorporated various subjects and structures, some recognizable yet numerous new and inventive. As the government developed progressively absolutist the theater entered into a golden age in France. Three playwrights written by Pierre Corneille, Jean Racine, and the comedic satirist Jean-Baptiste Poquelin also known by his stage name Moliere transformed French dramatic literature. In England, Stuart absolutism conflicted with parliamentary cases, and Anglican Protestantism with Puritanism. Amid this period, John Milton rose to unmistakable fame as an artist and humanist scholarly. After the English Civil War, he served as a Puritan official, his literary profession reaching a state of perfection with his clear verse stories, including Paradise Lost. In the midst of the Restoration, Bunyan proceeded with the Protestant artistic convention with his sacred moral story, Pilgrim 's Progress. John Bunyan proceeded with his Protestant literary tradition with his otherworldly fable Pilgrims Progress …show more content…
J.S. Bach was considered the most significant Baroque composer. Bach created a style of complex harmony, rhythmic drive, and rich polyphonic texture by conjoining the influences of Schutz and Buxtehude. He composed numerous amounts of choral and instrumental music for a variety of employers; a standout amongst the most imperative of these was the city of Leipzig, which Bach served as Lutheran Cantor. His works incorporate holy cantatas and oratorios, books of preludes and fugues for the guideline of understudies, instrumental pieces, and a summation of the counterpoint custom, The Art of the Fugue. Father of numerous youngsters, four of his children got to be persuasive writers in their own privilege later in the eighteenth
“I worked hard. Anyone who works as hard as I did can achieve the same results” (Bach). Johann Sebastian Bach is one of the most influential composers of all time ("Top 10 Most Famous Classical Composers of All Time.") He lived during the Baroque period of music in the 17th century. Baroque music is a category of European Classical music and is recognized for ornamentation added to long melodic lines, the addition and use of harpsichord and basso continuos.
Baroque: Bach/Rembrandt van Rijn Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685 and died at age 65 in 1750. His parents’ died when he was ten years old. Therefore he moved in with his brother Johann Christoph, who was older than him by fourteen years, in Ohrdruf. Now by this time J. S. Bach was already suitable to play the violin.
In the Baroque era patronage is the most common way for an artists to get work. Patronage is the act of someone with a great deal of wealth giving their financial support to an artist to commission them to make a painting, a sculpture, a play or a piece of music. Since the Patrons hire the artists to not just make them beautiful art, but make them something that symbolizes their status and wealth, certain themes arise in these works of art. These are ones of ornamentation, grandeur, theatrical elements, and the notion that there is action happening beyond the frame. Artists like Bernini and Rembrandt are prime examples of how patronage affects their art, whilst still being part of the baroque era.
Throughout history, many periods of music have existed, some of which have left behind enduring contributions to music altogether. The most important period of music however is the Baroque period. This is because the beginning of its era marked the introduction of dominant musical devices that have been used ever since. The term “baroque” was derived from the Portuguese barroco meaning “oddly shaped pearl” and refers to a period of European music or Western European art music that flourished from about 1600 to 1750. This period began when the Renaissance period of music – a period of music full of choral music and chants – began to change.
Both J.S. Bach and G.F. Handel use different aspects of music to compose important pieces of music. The baroque period is often known as the time when artists exaggerated their motion and produced drama through interpreted detail. Both of these composers used this baroque style to convey messages through their music. The similarity in their music was that it is in a spiritual manner. J.S. Bach’s style was a harmonic and motivation manner, which Handel’s is more of a narrative.
Unlike their predecessors, who either remained unknown or allowed certain room for improvisation of their compositions, the musicians of the classical period took pride and ownership in their works and had a very specific notations for an accompaniment. Although musical compositions from both, the Baroque and Classical era have certain similarities, there are several very distinct qualities, characterizing the classical music. The Baroque arrangements often were written upon request for a certain event or religious ceremony. Hence, they portrayed a particular emotion or mood and typically had the ABA form. On the contrary, the composers of the classical era enjoyed a liberty to reflect a wide range of dynamics and contrasting themes in their work.
Baroque music is a style of western art music. It was followed after the Renaissance music and was followed in turn by classical music. It emerged in the seventeenth century as a shorthand notation for keyboardists who were accompanying a soloist or small ensemble performing a work originally composed for a larger group. Key composers of the Baroque music are Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, Henry Purcell, Arcangelo Corelli, Alessandro Scarlatti, Jean Philippe Rameau, Johann Pachelbel, George Frideric Handle, Claudio Monteverdi Domenico Scarlatti and many others.
Johann Sebastian Bach is one of the most influential and best known composers of the Late Baroque era. He contributed a massive library of more than one thousand pieces of music, and it said that his death marked the end of the Baroque era. His mastery of counterpoint and polyphonic writing elevated Baroque music and paved the way for advancements of the Classic era. He had a wide array of compositional styles, and Bach is credited with development of the modern concerto for a solo instrument, based on the concerto grosso through his series of works, the Bradenburg concertos. As a church organist at a young age, he found opportunities to write for the keyboard.
King Louis XIV of France reigned during the time the Baroque style became popular. Baroque art strove to convey buildings and architecture as "fancy," and in turn, King Louis XIV did so with his own appearance. He wore purple, which was a royal color that was expensive to buy, and often the fabric of his clothes was velvet or silk, which was also very expensive to purchase. He also wore tights to show off his legs that he were so proud of, because he was a dancer. The king would wear big wigs, to show that he had power, and that he was of great social status.
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The Baroque was the period of artistic style and exaggerated motion. This Era was all about exuberance, drama and grandeur in all forms of art. The style began around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe (Fargis1998, p.262).
The Renaissance and Baroque periods of music are two very similar and different eras. The Renaissance which began after the end of the Middle Ages in 1450 and ended the beginning of the 1600s, this is where the Baroque period starts. The beginning of the Renaissance period was compromised of sacred and religious music cultivating from the middle ages. Before the Renaissance period music had to be copied and re-written by hand, which was a very difficult task to do continuously. During the Renaissance period however, printing was invented, which made producing music easier and also changed a lot of other things in other areas.
Johann Sebastian Bach Violin Sonata in A minor BWV 1003 (1720) Greatest German composer of all time, Johann Sebastian was born in a musical family in Eisenach. He received his musical training from his father Johann Ambrosius and relatives. Besides being a highly respected organist, Bach’s compositions were also greatly recognized and became the musical model for other famed composers after his time such as Mozart, Beethoven and Mendelssohn. The Sonata in A minor is one of the works in Bach’s six unaccompanied violin sonatas and partitas.
Development of music history from Medieval period to Baroque Period Music exists in every known cultural group of the world and it is likely to have existed among the ancient ancestral communities. Music may have started in Africa, having existed for at least 55,000 years before evolving into an essential constituent of human life. Different people have different perspectives towards music. For instance, some may take music as jazz set, an orchestral symphony, an electronic beat or even a simple thing as the chirping of birds. Music has both positive and negative effect on humans and it depends on how it is applied.
A Golden Time: The Elizabethan Period of the Renaissance During the years 1558 to 1603, the age of the Renaissance had reached its peak. Many art forms bloomed and flourished, as did the trade and the economy. But this is mainly for England, the place from whence the Elizabethan period, the literary height of the Renaissance, had begun.