The Benefits Of Sustainable Agriculture

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“Sustainable agriculture is the act of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment”

The expression was composed by Australian agricultural scientist Gordan McClymont. It has been defined as “an intergrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term.
Eg:
• Satisfy human food and fiber needs

• Appreciate environmental quality and the natural resource based upon which the agricultural economy depends

• Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources

• Assist the economic viability of farm operations

• Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society

Environment
Sustainable agriculture can be understood as an ecosystem approach to agriculture. Practices that can cause long-term damage to soil include excessive tilling of the soil and irrigation without adequate drainage. The most important factors for individual sites are sun, air, soil, nutrients, and water. Of the 5, water and soil quality and quantity are most amendable to human intervention through time and labour. Although air and sunlight are available everywhere on earth, crops also depend on soil nutrients and the availability of water. When farmers grow and harvest crops they remove some of these nutrients from the soil. Without replenishment, land suffers from nutrient depletion and becomes either unusable or suffers from reduced yields. Sustainable agriculture

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