The Middle Colonies are located in between the New England and Southern Colonies. The Middle Colonies consist of New York founded in 1624, Delaware in 1638, Pennsylvania in 1643, and New Jersey in 1660. These four colonies were different, economically and socially, in many ways because they got a mix of the other two colonies and made it their own. New York was founded the British acquired more land from the Dutch. New York was called New Netherlands and was ruled by the Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant before the British took it over. New Jersey was made because New York was to big for the Duke of York to rule. He gave the land to his friends, Lord Berkeley and George Carteret, as proprietors. The colony of Pennsylvania was made so William
Pennsylvania, another colony, was later founded by William Penn as a safe home for Quakers in 1681. Most people came as indentured servants, or people agreed to work for someone for a set amount of years in return for a trip to America. They did not care about the work; they just wanted to be free and earn money.
The Leni Lenape or Delaware Indians had been tricked by the early Dutch settlers of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. There is a story told of one early land purchase. The Dutch settlers asked the Indians to sell them land for a garden as big as the hide of a bullock. The Indians agreed and the Dutch then cut the hide into long thin strips and marked off a large circle of land. The Indians had been tricked. Years later when William Penn arrived he promised to treat the Indians fairly and refused to let any settler purchase land without the approval of the governor or his representatives. The Delaware had great respect for William Penn and always considered him their friend.
Starting with the development of New England (One of the British colonies in North America), the founders of New England were Pilgrims who founded Plymouth in 1620. These Pilgrims wanted to find The Promised Land, they wanted success. They left on a ship called Mayflower as permission granted by Virginia. 35 Saints and 65 Strangers were on the Mayflower on their journey. They arrived on Plymouth when they accidently went off course. The Pilgrims main goal was to make a government on the land. So, they created the Mayflower Compact, which made everyone follow the laws and rules of the government. They developed a friendship with the Indians shortly after arriving and wanted to develop a trading alliance. Squanto was a Native American, who taught
People and reasons for settlement Are you tired of living with extreme taxes and tight living space? If you answered yes then you should come to New Jersey. This gem of a colony was first stepped on by a European in 1524 by Giovanni de Verrazano. After Giovanni “discovered” New Jersey was claimed for the Dutch by Henry Hudson who was actually British. The first settlers in this amazing land were the Dutch, Finnish, and Swedish.
A lot of them died during this time. Lots of the people could not find food so that led them to starve. Some of the settlers even dug up graves to eat the bodies of the dead people. The natives began to help the settlers by giving them food. The people
As given per the scenario, being a young woman out to venture on my own, one of my key concerns would be safety. What colony will provide for me in security, economically, socially, and and maybe even religiously. Another large factor that comes into question is time. While reading about the early colonizations things changed vastly from one year to the next. These changes were based on wars, climate, political powers/influences, and relationships with nearby natives. The colony most fitting to my given situation between Virginian, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, would be Pennsylvania in the late 1680s. Pennsylvania was becoming well established due to it’s powerful economic growth, cultural diversity and religion, and change in slavery.
In the Pennsylvania colony they set their own standards in government. In the year 1775 Pennsylvania was a proprietary colony. The first governor of Pennsylvania was William Markham. William Markham led the fight in abolish slavery. William Penn founded the colony in 1681. William Penn also made his cousin, William Markham, governor. William Penn also set up a liberal political philosophy. He gave some of his power back to the people.
The Dutch were the first to settle in New York in 1624. Two years later they made the colony New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. In the year 1664 the English took control of the colony and renamed it New York after the Duke of York. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. The slow expansion of New Netherland, however, caused conflicts with both English colonists and Native Americans in the region.
The 13 Colonies are broken down into 3 parts, Middle, Southern, and New England Colonies. There were many similarities and differences between all of the 13 Colonies. Many of them ranging from their climate and geography to the role women and African Americans played.
Description The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. William Kelso says Jamestown "is where the British Empire began ... this was the first colony in the British Empire."[2 ] Established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S., May 14, 1607 N.S.), and considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610, it followed several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Jamestown served as the capital of the colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699.
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, the monarchy began to expand their power and influence, eventually becoming absolute rulers. Having support from the merchant class, the monarchy attempted to unify and stabilize the nation states. In the late seventeenth, early eighteenth centuries, with hopes of expanding English trade and acquiring a broader market for English manufactured goods, the nation states were wealthy enough to fund voyages of discovery and exploration. Over time, ten colonies were established along the Atlantic coast of North America. The first permanent English settlement was established in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607 and in 1620 a ship landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, marking it as the second permanent English settlement.
The Dutch grabbed rich territories in Asia to gain control over the profitable spice trade. They also set up colonies in South Africa and North America. The French acquired colonies too, including present day Canada, which was particularly valuable for it’s fur. The British in the 1600’s took over the Dutch territory in North America and in 1763 they took Canada from the French. Despite their loss of the 13 American colonies after the Revolutionary War in 1783, the British continued to acquire new territories.