The Digestive System The digestive system is a system consisting of the mouth, oesophagus, stomach, gallbladder, small intestine, large intestine, the rectum and the anus. The functions of the digestive system are: • To break down food particles into molecules for digestion • To absorb into the bloodstream the small molecules produced by digestion • To eliminate un digested and unabsorbed foodstuffs and other waste products from the body The full digestive process begins at the mouth. The food enters the mouth and is chewed.
Digested molecules of food, as well as water and minerals from the diet, are absorbed from the cavity of the upper small intestine. Most absorbed materials cross the mucosa into the blood and are carried off in the bloodstream to other parts of the body for storage or further chemical change. As already noted, this part of the process varies with different types of nutrients. 5. 2) Page B13, and #1-4 1.
Unlike the human digestion system, crayfish have a rather simple system. Starting with the mouth, food is ingested and passed into the cardiac stomach via the esophagus. In this first stomach food is stored until it is passed into the pyloric stomach; filled with small “teeth” like structures. Once ground the food is handed out to the intestine, where nutrient is absorbed into the blood vessels and taken around the body. After the intestine, the excess waste is removed through the anus.
Some examples are the circulatory, the excretory, the muscle, and the digestive systems. For example, the digestion system is an organ system that digests the food a person eats. Some organs in the digestive system are the esophagus, rectum, stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, large intestine, small intestine, and appendix. The digestive system is very important because without it, organisms would not be able to digest food. Food would just sit inside the body or go through it without the body taking any energy for fuel.
In this section I will explain how two of the body systems interrelate to perform a function. My two body systems are the cardiovascular system and the digestive system and how they work together to enable food to be digested. First of all, the digestive system works by passing food through the human system, whilst breaking it down and absorbing nutrients. The circulatory system transports the oxygen and other compounds through our bodies. These two work together to process and circulate nutrients so our cells can use them for fuel.
The process of chemical digestion in the breaking down of food with enzymes so that they can become molecules such as nutrients, salts and water , so that way they are easily absorbed and utilized. The process of absorption involves moving such molecules through the GI epithelium and into the blood or lipids. Ingested food is initially broken down mechanically by your mouth into pieces that are easier to swallow, and then broken down again into even smaller pieces so that in can continue its journey through the stomach and into the small intestine. These food particles are primarily made or major nutrients and minor nutrients. The major nutrients such as carbohydrates, protein and lipids must be broken down further enzymatically in order
Pharynx The pharynx is the passageway between the mouth and the esophagus and is shared with the respiratory tract. The epiglottis is a cartilaginous flap that closes the opening to the larynx when food is being swallowed down the pharynx. Food is deflected away from the trachea to prevent particle aspiration (inhalation).
Throughout the urea cycle, the amino acid, arginine, is changes into ornithine- this is another amino acid when hydrated, that is when water was added. During this reaction, urea is the product formed (Nelson and Cox 2008). Figure 1 shows the urea cycle, occurs specifically in the mitochondria and cytosol in the liver. (Nelson and M.Cox 2008). Urea is made in the liver by means of enzymes in the urea cycle.
Also, it’s responsible for removing metabolic waste from the cells and disposing of carbon dioxide. The cardiovascular system’s anatomy varies throughout the body and is connected by the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The main organ of the cardiovascular system is the heart. It 's located in the upper torso, chest area, as are some of the body 's major blood vessels. One main blood vessel is the Femoral Artery, it 's role
Next, this semi-liquid mixture enters into the small intestine, where most of the calories and essential nutrients are absorbed by your body. Finally, whatever is left passes into the large intestine and eventually through the colon as it is expelled from the body. Gastric bypass surgery restructures the stomach and intestinal system, resulting in intentional malabsorption and limiting the patient 's ability to eat large quantities of food.
The stomach is a very important part of the digestive system. It is a j- shaped muscular organ that acts as a bag or sac to collect churn food with digestive juices. When the stomach is filled with food the rugae stretch out, and disappear. The food mixes with hydrochloric acid and other gastric juices to form a liquid mixture called chyme, which then passes through the remaining portion of the digestive system. So this means to me that when you eat something it goes to the stomach and is mixed with acids that breaks it down and dissolves the food.
The liver has a portal vein as well as a hepatic vein. It also has unique exchange blood vessels similar to capillaries, called “sinusoids.” How do these unique structures determine the function of the organ? • The livers main function is to filter and process the blood it receives. The portal vein and hepatic vein then deliver the nutrient rich blood to the capillaries (sinusoids).
In order for organisms to carry on life, energy must be provided. The food taken into the body must be broken down into smaller pieces before it can be used as a source of energy by the organism. This process of breaking down food is called digestion and there are many enzymes used in order for digestion to occur. Enzymes are catalysts, which means that they can start and speed up a chemical reaction. Without enzymes in our body, it would take a longer period of time for digestion to occur.
Introduction: Dissections are performed on preserved animals donated specifically for science education in order to provide a hands-on experience to observe and study anatomy of an animal in three dimension, unlike a textbook, and how the organ systems are interconnected. In this particular dissection a fetal pig was used because the organs present in a pig, and their position in the body are similar to those of humans which provides insight on how human organs systems work overall and why they are essential to life. The purpose of our experiment was to focus on the external, digestive, cardiovascular, respiratory, and excretory systems of the fetal pig to understand how theses system work together in order to sustain life. Materials & Procedure: