The Four Factors Of The Hawthorne Experiment: Observer Effect

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Hawthorne Experiments: It is also known as observer effect. The Hawthorne studies were conducted in order to find out the role of human resource in increasing the production of an organization. It is a form of reactivity whereby subjects improve an aspect of their behavior being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they are being studied, not in response to any particular experimental manipulation. The Hawthorne studies include the following experiments: 1. Illumination experiments 2. Relay assembly test experiments 3. Relay assembly room 4. Mica splitting test group 5. Plant interview group 6. Bank wiring observation group HAWTHRONE EXPERIMENT  Conducted between 1924-1932  Conducted at WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, CHICAGO, USA  Conducted by:- Elton Mayo White Head Roethlisberger  Initial tests were sponsored by the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academy of Sciences.  In 1927, a research team from Harvard Business School was invited to join the studies after the illumination test drew unanticipated results.  A team of researchers led by George Elton Mayo from Harvard Business School carried out the studies. Four parts of Hawthorne Experiments 1. Illumination Experiments:  1924-1927  Founded by General Electric  Conducted by NRC of National Academy of Sciences with engineers from MIT  Measured light intensity vs. worker output  Result: higher worker productivity and

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