Person-centred care is an approach that is becoming more widely used in practice in Irelands healthcare system. The approach to care is more holistic and the patient is more involved in their own care, enabling the older adult to maintain independence and have equal involvement in their care (Health.vic.gov.au, 2015). This essay will discuss what Person-Centred Care (PCC) is, why PCC is important, and how Person-Centred Nursing can enhance care for the older adult.
What is Person Centred Care?:
Person-Centred Care aims to ensure that the older adult is an equal partner in their health care. Key components that ensure PCC is provided are the following:
respect and holism
power and empowerment
choice and autonomy
empathy and compassion. (Rcn.org.uk, 2015)
A person-centred approach to nursing focuses on the individuals needs, wants, goals and desires so that they become central to the care and nursing process (OpenLearn, 2015). According to The Department of Health (State of Victoria, Australia), person-centred care is a philosophical approach to care, ensuring that service systems are developed in partnership with older people and/or their carers (Health.vic.gov.au, 2015). PCC is treating patients as they want to be treated and about working together with older adults on things they enjoy doing and things that are important to them without restraint of routines (Kearns, 2013).
Person-centred Nursing Framework (McCormack & McCance
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Demonstrating ‘respect for patients’ values, preferences and expressed needs,’ is one of the eight dimensions of person centred care outlined by the Picker Institute (ref). Morgan and Yoder (2012) described ‘respectful care’ as being an attribute of person centred and while the author does not disagree with this idea of ‘respectful care’ being inherent to person centred care, the author believes that Slater (2006) more accurately describes dignity and respect as being antecedents of person centred care. These antecedents drive respect of personal values, individual needs and decisions, a consequence of which is an improved therapeutic relationship and health outcomes. The author considers this view of dignity, compassion and respect as antecedents
This essay will discuss the positive impact that person-centred care can have on staff and residents in long-term care settings, using the example of Seven Oaks care home. Firstly this essay will define the key terms of person-centred care and define the meaning of long-term care settings. It will then look at examples of the positive impact of person-centred care for both residents and staff in the example of Seven Oaks dementia care unit and the case study of Rita Wallace, which demonstrates the individuality of person-centred care. Person-centred care is about focusing on the needs of the person as a whole and not the service, it means treating people with dignity, respect, compassion, and care is personalised these are the four main principles to person-centred care.
– as part of an organisation Make sure the one page profiles are in place and that the clients have support in having one. 3.2 Explain the different person-centred thinking skills required to support individuals? Different person centred thinking skills include being able to problem solve, promote dignity, privacy and inclusion and not to force your thoughts and opinions on the client and build a support plan that is personal to the person receiving the care. 3.3 Identify challenges that may be faced in implementing person-centred thinking, planning and reviews in own work? There may be lack of resources available or not having the right equipment.
1.1 Explain what person-centred thinking is, and how it relates to person-centred reviews and person centred planning? Person centred thinking is when you put the thoughts of the person you are looking after before your own. It’s important to know how they think and feel to know what to put into their care plans so that they are supported in the best way possible and to make them feel included 1.2 Explain the benefits of using person-centred thinking with individuals? By using person centred thinking you know how the client feels and how its best to support them but you also know what goals are possible to set for the future and also any changes that need to be made.
Caring for The Individual: An Examination of Personal Nursing Philosophy Arianna Mailloux 400164224 NURSING 2AA3 Ashley Collins Harris February 19, 2018 As a novice nurse, developing and understanding of ones’ own personal feelings about nursing is important to help shape your clinical practice. Within this paper I will examine my personal assumptions, beliefs and values of the four nursing paradigms to develop a personal philosophy of nursing. This philosophy will be aligned with a known nursing theory and the comparisons will be discussed. Section I: Personal Philosophy of Nursing Person
Individualised approach to care planning essay The care planning process is a fundamental part of nursing, Barrett et al (2012) emphasises the importance of the process by recognising it as a clinical skill that needs to be learnt and developed. Care planning enables information to be gathered, taking in to consideration an individual’s biological, psychological, sociocultural, environmental and politico economic status. These factors are incorporated in to the care planning process to enable an individualised care plan that meets the holistic needs of the individual (Doenges and Moorhouse, 2012). The aim of this assignment is to explain and explore an individual approach to care planning and how using a nursing process and nursing model collectively will provide a holistic approach to care.
Person centred care is associated with treating people with respect, acknowledging their rights as human beings and having a trusted and therapeutic relationship between the person and their care provider (McCormack et al, 2011). Guidelines of person centred care give clarity towards how nurses should behave and such knowledge and expertise they should develop. These skills acquired can then be used to enhance person centred care through self and team assessment (McCormack et al, 2008). In this essay, I will critically explore individualised person centred care in association with McCormack’s model. I will identify how this model can improve the experience of care for the older person.
It is the person and their physical, emotional, and psychological needs that are the basic focus of nursing’s attention. In order to care for a patient, the nurse must incorporate all these needs. For example, providing reassurance with an anxious patient who just finished hip surgery. Care also plays a major part when taking care of a unique patient. Caring influences my personal philosophy because it is the most important aspect of nursing.
It will also take a look at some of the alternative methods of nursing to contrast with the patient centred approach. Included is also a description of Mc Cormack and Mc Cance (2010) Person Centred Practice Framework. This will lead into the second part of the essay, as it will demonstrate how nurses can employ a person centred approach in the clinical setting to promote and recognise older people as equal partners in their care. Firstly for the purpose of this essay, patient centred care and person-centeredness will be defined using a definition supplied by the HSE (2010).
Patient centered care focuses on getting to know the older person as an individual such as their values, Aspirations, health, social needs, preferences and providing care specific to their needs. It enables the older person to make decisions on what kind of options with assistance available, promoting his/her Autonomy and independence. It involves them in such way to be included in shared decisions between healthcare teams and families, so the can be control with a choice of specific care / services. It provides information that is tailored for the individual in order to assist them in decision making based on evidence, helping them to understand their options and consequences of this. Supporting a person on his/her choice and letting them pursue their stated wishes, As a patient centered approach so they are involved as equal partners in their care ( Manley et al,
(Kitson et al, 2013) Patient care is initial assessment collaborated with commitment for the nurse to care for the patient and build a trusting comfort relationship to meet patients’ fundamental needs (Kitson et al, 2014). Patient-centred care focuses on involving patients’ by allowing choice and decision-making. It takes into consideration patients’ individual physical, psychosocial, cultural and emotional needs (Feo and Kitson,
It is about person centred approaches which promotes individuality, this is also a tool that can be used for staff to reflect on how a service is suited to the citizen in their everyday lifestyle rather than how the same practice impacts different individuals. Reviewing and monitoring of outcome based practice is essential to receiving feedback on how the practice affects the individual, staff are able to work alongside the individual who gets support and discuss the positive impact as well as areas that could be improved to enhance the wellbeing of the citizen, it is very important the outcome based practice is realistic to the individual and not what they think they are expected to do. Additionally things change all the time so reviewing and monitoring the outcome based practice means that the feedback can help adapt the action plans or care plans to suit the individual, it needs to be person centred at all times, ensuring that the citizen is involved in the process of updating any information which supports the staff to apply an effective
In a clinical environment, person centred care is an essential approach in order to achieve the best outcomes for the patients individual needs. Person centred care involves taking a holistic approach to healthcare in which multiple factors such as age, beliefs, spirituality, values and preferences are taken into consideration when assessing, treating and caring for a patient (Epstein & Street 2011). It enables the patient to have a more interactive and collaborative approach in their healthcare, share responsibility and maintain their dignity and values. It involves a bio-psychosocial perspective to healthcare as opposed to a biomedical attitude. In order to provide patient centred care, the clinician needs to consider the individual’s needs
My perspective on holistic nursing and self-care Introduction In context of World Health Organization, self-care is often defined as activities individuals, families and communities undergoes with the motive of increasing health, overcoming disease, limiting illness and restoring health ("What is", n.d.). The knowledge and skills are gained from both professional and lay experiences for such activities. According to Klebanoff & Hess (2013), holistic nursing is defined as all nursing practice that has only motive of healing the whole person as its prime goal. A holistic nurse is like a licensed nurse who often incorporates a “mind-body-spirit-emotion-environment” approach to the practice of traditional nursing.
Person-centred nursing is widely practised in clinical areas today, the original concept was developed from the work of psychologists such as Carl Rogers and Tom Kitwood. Rogers (1957.1961) considered empathy and unconditional positive regard to be core features of any therapeutic relationship in counselling. He developed the concept of person-centred therapy in counselling. Stein-Parbury (2009) writes about the use of interpersonal skills in nursing and places a focus on Roger’s model of person-centred therapy. She states that person-centred nursing models have been influenced by the work of Rogers.