The Importance Of Realism In The Cold War

1638 Words7 Pages
After the fall of the Soviet Union (USSR), the United States (US) being the only superpower remaining, becomes a global hegemon. The hegemonic stability theory explains that because hegemon faces no power challenges and have the power to remove regional conflict, it reduces interstate conflict over security concerns and ensure peace. This essentially increases the prominence of non-state actors in the international arena and shifts the focus of interstate Cold War security concerns to contemporary security issues like nuclear weapons proliferation and possession, terrorism and civil wars, particularly ethnic civil wars. Although realism still provides some framework to explaining new security issues, it is too rooted in its assumptions and static that realism is no longer appropriate as the core theory in studying international security.

One source of security concern during the Cold War is the possession of nuclear weapons which raises the stakes of war with its high destructive power and disastrous
…show more content…
For one, states are assumed to be rational by realists and that even irrational states will be forced to be rational as their own survival is at stake. North Korea, in this case, would also be forced be rational so the mentioned realist argument is invalid. But rationality of states also meant that states will use nuclear weapons on states with no nuclear arms as the benefit of attacking outweigh costs since that state possesses no retaliatory capabilities which suggest greater instability and nuclear wars. Yet this does not reflect realities as states exercise prudence despite hostilities. In addition, instability caused by multipolarity in the nuclear realm could easily lead to the outbreak of nuclear war, but Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) forced states to exercise restraint as they are forced to confront their own morality so polarity has little effect on
Open Document