‘Deterrence’ means simply this: making sure any adversary who thinks about attacking the United States, or our allies, or our vital interests, concludes that the risks to him outweigh any potential gains. Once he understands that, he won't attack. We maintain the peace through our strength; weakness only invites aggression.” (Reagan) During World War 2,
Even though he made this decision as Japanese government did not respond to the Potsdam Declaration, it was still possible to negotiate with Japan’s side without dropping the atomic bombs. In today’s American society, it is considered that his decision to use the atomic bombs enabled the country to save their soldiers. On top of that, Japanese government never raised any protest against the United States for the use of atomic bombs. Nevertheless, as Hasegawa (2005) states, this cannot be longer justified because it is more of a moral issue. More importantly, it is doubtful whether President Truman was sure about the effects of atomic bombs.
A treacherous race of terror started soon after the decision was materialized. Some critics are of the opinion that Japanese were ready to surrender and that the decision of dropping atomic bombs was utterly pointless. Militarists view it as discrimination on the basis of ethnicity as no such violent act has ever been committed against white people. On the other hand, the diplomats of America had clandestine objectives. In order to contain the Soviets, the atomic bomb was used to deliver a message that they should not underestimate the Americans, who are capable of defending themselves and can go to any extent in order to preserve their sovereignty.
Political: Negatives: The reason why Little Boy and Fat man were dropped was that they had a political conflict which would build up the hatred between the countries until one strikes with something. Striking with a nuclear bomb can create an ever bigger conflict between the countries causing a possible Nuclear Warfare. Positives: Knowing the disadvantages of the weapon, it is highly unlikely for a country to shoot up a nuclear bomb because of the consequences the nuclear bomb will have which made countries less active with wars for the past decade. Knowing that you might create a conflict in a country using the “I’m going to push the button” move might stop a conflict in a country since it serves as a threat for the opposing country to back off. Environmental: Negatives: If a nuclear bomb is dropped it would cause a huge explosion and remove anything in its way which includes any houses for mother nature.
The Cold War is a term used to describe the relationship between the USA and the USSR (Soviet Union) after the World War II. It is the period of time from 1947 to 1991 when ideologies of USA and USSR – which are capitalism and communism – clashed against each other. Also, both sides aimed for the hegemony position and power expansion. The dissolution of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold War, precisely on December 26th, 1991. The defeat of Soviet Union left the USA as a single hegemony of the world, making it the only super power country with no rival to be fight against for the title.
Communists believed that if the world was under strict control and supervision they could ensure safety, no more war, and world peace. The United States and western world believed that people should have free-will and a less controlling government. Democracy was more prominent than communism in most of the western world, so the Soviet Union sought after the middle east to take control of. These countries in the middle east needed leadership and the soviets saw that as an opportunity for them to spread their ideologies. The Cold War effected the Middle East, Afghanistan, and African nations in many ways.
Religion is just an easily controllable/ corruptible system that can affect the people who believes in it. One example is U.S.A. U.S.A separated religion and state so that unethical/ corrupt politicians could not infiltrate it and use it to justify war. If I were to explain it I would say, U.S.A does not allow religious arguments to triumph or make a difference as to whether a certain thing should be done or not. Everything that is decided (such as war) needs to have a valid explanation, not something such as, “God is telling us to fight so we have to fight” or “we are not allowed to fight because that is not the will of God”, these arguments are not accepted by the state as a reason to act. If you put a
Idealists see the role of power as an undesirable factor to be eliminated. Idealists see realism as a set of assumptions about how and why states behave like they do, rather than a theory of foreign relations. They strongly criticise the realist thesis that the struggle for power and security is natural. They reject such a fatalistic orientation claiming that power is not natural, and simply a temporary phase of human history. They believe that by adhering completely and consciously to moral values moral values in behaviour, power struggle and war can be eliminated.
It argues that the lack of an authority higher than nation-states, causes states to act only in competitive and selfish ways, and that material power determines relations between states. John Mearsheimer supports this by saying, “States are potentially dangerous to each other. Although some states have more military might than others and are therefore more dangerous”(Mearsheimer, 70). Instead of keeping identities and interests in mind when determining relations between states, realists assert that anarchy will cause states to act solely in their best interest. Kenneth Waltz attempted to explain a structural realist perspective about anarchic structure.
This approach is creating a politicized atmosphere within the international community, as well as between states and nations. The exclusion of Iran, which possesses nuclear materials and reactors, the nuclear security conference for new challenges related to Tehran's relations with world powers and deepen mistrust towards Western countries. The United States and the West must adopt a more realistic look to the threat of nuclear terrorism, at the same time; pay more attention to the issue of regional and global nuclear disarmament. While the danger of terrorist access to nuclear materials and weapons should not be a minimum, and should not be exaggerated in the near and the seriousness of the nuclear terrorism. Any matter relating to the nuclear threat is global security requires a consensus among the members of the international community issue.