The word cannon comes from the Latin root canna, or reed (shades of the fire lance!) The word canon (Latin for "statute" or "law") was used in Italy as early as the 14th century to describe a cannon. "Ordnance" comes from ordinance, a Latin synonym ofcanon. Gallopers were among the first attempts to give some degree of mobility to guns, which had been, for centuries, a stationary weapon.
By the mid- to late-eleventh century, the Song government had become concerned about gunpowder technology spreading to other countries. The sale of saltpeter to foreigners was banned in 1076. Nonetheless, knowledge of the miraculous substance was carried along the Silk Road to India, the Middle East, and Europe. In 1267, a European writer made reference to gunpowder, and by 1280 the first recipes for the explosive mixture were published in the west.
Chinese technology contributed to the Rise of the West. Chinese inventions such as the compass, printing, gunpowder and many more are what made the Rise of the
The Europeans were able to conquer the Americas because even though it was by “accident,” they were still more prepared for what was to come. Jared Diamond calls the European “accidental conquerors.” Diamond calls his theory geographical luck and concludes that the only way the Europeans were able to dominate the Americas was because of the way the ocean patterns happened to flow. The geographical wind patterns caused the ships to sail towards the Incas and the Aztecs and when the Europeans arrived they tried to conquer the Aztecs and Incas, they succeed for a number of reasons.
During the early part of the 1800s, the United States Army’s Artillery Branch had no artillery units that could be easily moved around the battlefield because the cost of maintaining the horse and service for the support elements was too great for the newly formed United States economy to handle. During the years of 1821 through 1837 the Artillery Branch of the United States Army had very few horses and this problem made that component one of the most immobile and unreliable parts of the Army. However, when Secretary of War Joel L Poinsett took over as the Head of the War Department, he pressed Congress for the creation of the four companies of Light Artillery. The newly founded mobile artillery became known as the Flying Artillery, and effectively set the course of the United States’ victory in the Mexican-American War.
Gunpowder was created back around A.D. 850 by Chinese scientists. It was made by using the oxidizing agent potassium nitrate. Since its discovery back in A.D. 850 it has been one of the greatest and most influential inventions ever developed. They first used it for starting fires and fireworks, but then soon realized that it could be made into a weapon. The first
The mighty rise of the Golden Age of China, with the emperor Tai-tsung in rule. Many inventions were made all due to the making of gunpowder. Destruction was the fate of their enemies and bloodshed was the reward of the Chinese. What would battles be like without the invention of gunpowder? Which influenced quite a few of our known weapons today. Gunpowder is still being used and improved in many ways and leaves a devastating effect on many areas of the world. The Chinese have invented many useful inventions, but gunpowder is the one invention that changed society and caused new perspectives to
These resources helped to build parts for the steam engine. The English scientific thought also helped cause the Industrial Revolution. People discovered different ways to things to make the process more efficient. Jethro Tull invented the Horse drawn seed drill which planted seeds in straight rows with significantly less labor (Document 7). The invention allowed farmers to produce more food in a shorter amount time and it gave England a lot more food to eat. The changes in agriculture made it easier for England to Industrialize because it gave them more resources. Also, the farmers in England expanded on the Dutch agricultural experiments. Farmers mixed different soils to get a higher crop yield and others grew turnips to help restore exhausted soil. These new methods gave England a surplus of food and help trigger the Industrial Revolution. The new development of technology was a big key to make the Industrial Revolution possible because the new technologies allowed business owners to change how work was done. The steam engine gave more to machinery like the locomotives and steamships because it powered
Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo are both known for being the world’s greatest long distance travelers, however, because of their different backgrounds it had influenced the way in which each traveler wrote about their experiences in China. This contrast is dominantly believed to have been influenced by their different religious backgrounds, and how each had viewed the world. This was ultimately is influenced by ones cultural and religious background. In this essay I will examine the different experiences that both Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo had experienced during their visits in China.
Without a consistent form of communication, trade, during the Middle Ages, was the biggest catalyst for the spread of religious reform, political organization, and societal development across Europe. How was the spread of these elements through trade important in the development of a more advanced, and modern society during this time period? The advancement of the Frankish Kingdom combined with the progress of the Mongols through Asia provided the proper situation to cultivate advancement in the Eastern World.
There were many inventions, or new creations that were made throughout our history. These inventions greatly impacted and expanded towards America. Many inventors like Andrew Carnegie or Thomas Edison created new items that helped America expand on technology, traveling, businesses, better jobs, new opportunities, and many more. Some inventions like the creation of telephones, steel, oil, electricity, brakes, and other inventions help create how America is today. Throughout history America has had its ups and downs. Daniel Burnham wanted to create something big, something no other person had thought of before. The struggles represented the Gilded Age, Chicago’s placement and how America changed.
The Boston Tea Party was a very important event that helped lead to the American Revolution. This was because the colonists were having to pay for the debt that was from the French and Indian war. They got taxed a lot because of it. The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773 on the Boston Harbor. This event was important to the American Revolution because it started the intolerable acts which got many colonists from other colonies upset. Once this happened the colonists wanted to fight back for their freedom. So it means that the Boston Tea Party started a lot for the American Revolution and it brung all the colonies together.
As the 16th century was fast approaching the general opinion in Europe was one of a new age, an age of exploration and expansion. This opinion was motivated by an appeal to new trade, the opportunity of new wealth and the option to spread Christianity which was so prominent in Europe, to other parts of the world. In order to assess how this was achieved two factors need to be considered: guns and germs.
Samuel colt was one of the first to make a modernized handgun. It was a revolver which means it didnt need reloaded after every shot "How does a gun work"Chris bast. He went to india to get some help with his ideas and came back with 3 models and many prototypes. All were very complicated and he got a patent "How does a gun work" Chris bast. The colt python was considered to be the most well known handgun. His pistol was extremely popular in 18502 as it was used by the army. He had great success and had many gunsmiths working for him. "Normal citizens own guns now" said Samuel colt. The government ended up,ordering about a thousand of his models to test for war. It was a great revolver and invention for his time period.
In Africa, pottery began in 6000 B.C. Throughout history, African ceramics has been not only used for utilitarian purposes but also for spiritual and esthetic purposes. Different regions of Africa were influenced by the ceramics of other cultures. For example, in 75 AD african pottery was influenced by the importation of roman pottery and they actually ended up taking over the pottery business and most pots in Rome were made in Africa. Another example of the influence of another culture's ceramics was in the 600s AD when Africans began to use glass and metal glazes after importing ceramics from China. The potters in Africa were mostly women, however there were a few men. They used various techniques. They would either build things by hand or with a mould. The most common pieces of pottery that they made were water jugs or pots to cook in. Another pot that they made that I found cool had bark woven around the outside which would cool the water through evaporation when it was soaked in water. After building the pot and setting it out to dry, they would cover it in maybe bark or cow dung and fire it on an open fire. They would try to achieve a shiny finish by firing. In the Congo, they sometimes would splatter the pots with dyes after firing to add color to the pot. In addition to pots, they would also make figures such as people out of clay. I thought it was interesting that the skill of pottery is