In some cases a psychological treatment may be a treatment of choice and the only treatment required. (cited by Dr Guy Proulx,2015) Some of the methods a psychologist can help: 1. Provide good education to help understand cognitive impairments and how they relate to changes in the patient’s behaviour and provide training to individuals to compensate for their cognitive
This paper argues that the “War on Drugs” and the current enforcement and punishment approach is not working. The results of our policies are the mass incarceration of individuals, especially blacks and Latinos. Drug experts and historians identified two main eras of the war on drugs, the 1970s’ and 1980’s, two main turning points of U.S. policy in combating drugs. The first major shift in drug policy was started by the Nixon Administration. Nixon was sworn in as the 37th President of the United States on 20 January 1969 and by July of 1969 his administration submits legislation for a comprehensive reform of federal drug enforcement laws.
1.Introduction The incidentally discovery of monoamine oxidase inhibotor (MAOI) iproniazid and the tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) imipramine in the late 1950s were major breaktroughs in the treatment of depression. The discovery of imipramine initiated a search for new tricyclic antidepressants. Lundbeck (pharmaceutical company) developed new patentable syntheses three drugs as amitriptyline (1), nortriptyline (2), melitracen (3) and entered the market with these products at early 1960s. However, TCAs has several serious side effects, such as dryness of the mouth, constipation, confusion, dizziness, sedation, orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia.
It was Dr Paul Klemperer and his colleagues who found the medical term as “Collagen Disease” which later was changed through the modern classification of Lupus as the autoimmune disorder. In 1949 Dr Philip Hench at the Mayo Clinic demonstrated that a newly demonstrated that a new demonstrated hormone called Cortisone was used to treat Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) patients and it also showed a dramatic result in saving lives.
In 1946, Drew became a member of the International College of Surgeons and in 1949, Drew served as a surgical advisor to the surgeon general, in the U.S army. , Drew worked as a chairman of surgery of Howard University and earned the Spingarn Medal in 1943 for what he contributes to the field of medical science. In 1945, Drew received the honorary Doctor of Science degree from the Amherst College in
Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital is the first public hospital to be established in the United States of America. The hospital was opened in the year 1902 and it was operational until 1930. The entity was a detention facility for immigrants who wanted to access the country but the authorities had found them unfit. The hospital was used to hold the emigrants as their requests were being reviewed. Some of the emigrants were processed into the country and others were sent back to their countries of origin.
The 2000’s was a very intense decade, with the occurrence of 9/11 which led to the War in Iraq. A year after 2000, HBO released a documentary named “Bellevue, inside Out” by Maryann DeLeo. In this documentary, the viewer gets to take a look inside Bellevue Hospital located in New York City, which contains a psychiatric institution. The film captures about 12 months inside the psychiatric unit in this hospital. The documentary follows both the employees, such as the emergency room directors, psychiatrists, nurses, etc., as well as the patients admitted into the psychiatric emergency room.
Thus, the result was the establishment of compulsory health laws which, as rationalized by activists like Henry Rumsey and John Simon, were for the interest of the population’s well-being. The first federal law relating to preventive health care measures was the 1813 Vaccine Act in the United States which also led to the establishment of the National Vaccine Agency. Others include the 1840 Poor Law medical services as well as the new Vaccination Act of 1867 in Britain. Although the laws were successful, like many other measures, it had faced oppositions.
In 2002, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 was developed in response to the 2001 terrorist attacks on America. Thus, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created. The Department of Homeland Security was established to protect America from future terrorist attacks. According to Schmalleger (2013), the DHS directs twenty-two agencies who are administrates under five departments. Those five departments are: Border and Transportation Security, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Science and Technology, Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection, and Management.
Outline I. The call for a new paradigm – establishment of a new theoretical rationale derived from medicine for occupational therapy in the late 1940s and 1950s; resulted from criticism by the medicine field. II. The mechanistic paradigm- occupational therapy transitioned to a new focus on inner mechanisms, new rationale from the medicine perspective; which earned the field an increase in scientific respectability and recognition as an effective medical service.
In 1949 she joined her father in research at the Harlem Hospital Cancer Research Center, which he had founded, succeeding him as director when he died in 1952. In 1955 she accepted a research appointment at New York University Bellevue Medical Center, as Associate Professor of Surgical Research and Director of Cancer Research. Dr. Wright 's research work involved studying the effects of various
The opening to the HBO documentary named “Addiction,” gives us a brief understanding to what the film will be based on, substance addiction. It goes in depth into understanding how addiction is a real medical condition, that is being understood and treated as a brain disease. It also tells us that it is associated with “The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,” a foundation that is only for the use of the public’s health. The documentary is also presented by “The National Institute on Drug Abuse and The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.”
Health maintenance organizations have been in existence since the late 1800s. The government began to encourage the development of HMOs in the 1950s. The Health Maintenance Organization Act was enacted in 1973 and in 1978 a Congressional amendment increased federal aid for HMO development. In the 1990s 95% of private insurance companies used some form of managed care and was incorporated into Medicare and Medicaid plans. The primary intent of managed care is to reduce health care costs.
Out of that report came the era of deinstitutionalization which led to an overhaul of the mental health policy for the last hundred years. Deinstitutionalization efforts at first was a reflection largely on the international movement facilitated by the development of a variety of antipsychotic drugs (Garcia, 2010). In addition to reform the asylum-based mental health care system and move toward community-oriented care, based on the belief that psychiatric patients would have a higher quality of life if treated in their communities rather than in large, unformed, and isolated mental hospitals(Karger, & Stoesz,
On January 31, 1974, President Ricard Nixon signed the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, also known as CAPTA, into law. This law was introduced by Vice President Walter Mondale on March 13, 1973 and its purpose was to provide financial assistance for the prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse and neglect and to establish the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, also known as NCCAN. As it was written in the website National Low Income Housing Coalition, this act also created two types of federal grant programs: basic grants to states and demonstration grants to public agencies and nonprofit organizations (nlihc.org). Before the passage of Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act in 1974, all fifty states had