Imogene King's Conceptual System Theory

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King 's Conceptual System Theory A primary concept of nearly all nursing theories is the belief that humans are the center of nursing care. No matter what setting nurses are practicing in, the goal is to optimize patient outcomes by holistically caring for patients, families, and their environments. Imogene King took this idea, divided in into three systems: personal system, interpersonal system, and social system, and related the systems to goal attainment and specific concepts. Three Systems of King’s Conceptual System Theory The first system is the personal system. King expresses that every individual is a unique personal system that is in continuous interaction with the environment (Alligood, 2013). She also identified a number of concepts …show more content…

A patient and nurse interact and communicate and form an interpersonal system that is affected by situational factors in the environment (Alligood, 2013). Alligood (2013) also identifies the fundamental concepts of this theory as: perception, communication, interaction, transaction, self, role, growth and development, stress/stressors, coping, time, and personal space. These come from the personal and interpersonal system concepts. While the personal and social systems effect patient outcomes, the system that seems to have the biggest influence on this is the interpersonal system. This is typical in healthcare settings when two people, such as a patient and nurse, work together and fulfill the obligations of their individual roles to achieve mutually-set goals (Alligood, 2013). King refers to this process of a nurse interacting with a patient and setting a goal as a “transaction,” and that each transaction is beneficial to both individuals and is a step toward goal attainment (Smith & Parker, …show more content…

The concepts that King defined within each system are not confined to those systems, but rather flow through the systems fluidly (Sampoornam, 2015). These systems all influence one another, so each system must be addressed individually, and also as a whole. The focus of the committee will always be patient (personal system) outcomes, but it also must look at transactions between nurses and patients (interpersonal system), and how these transactions effect the healthcare system (social system) as a

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