The Primary Concepts Of King's Conceptual System Theory

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King 's Conceptual System Theory A primary concept of nearly all nursing theories is the belief that humans are the center of nursing care. No matter what setting nurses are practicing in, the goal is to optimize patient outcomes by holistically caring for patients, families, and their environments. Imogene King took this idea, divided in into three systems: personal system, interpersonal system, and social system, and related the systems to goal attainment and specific concepts. Three Systems of King’s Conceptual System Theory The first system is the personal system. King expresses that every individual is a unique personal system that is in continuous interaction with the environment (Alligood, 2013). She also identified a number of concepts that contribute to understanding the personal system. These concepts are: perception, self, growth and development, body image, learning, time, and personal space (Smith & Parker, 2015). Patients, nurses, family members, friends, and other members of the healthcare team are some examples of personal systems who interact within the conceptual system. The second system is the interpersonal system. King explains this as the interaction between two or more individuals, with the complexity of the interaction increasing as the number of individuals increases (Alligood, 2013). The contributing concepts for this theory recognized by King are: interaction, communication, role, transactions, and stress (Smith & Parker, 2015). A primary focus

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