2. Development of Pure Land Buddhism The idea of Pure Land Buddhism was raised in China and then spread to other countries, such as Japan and East Asia. (Wallace 2002, 43) It became famous in these countries but there are variations between the ideas. Take Indian and China as examples, Indian think that there would be separate life after rebirth as their present life may be suffering and the life after death should be happy and not connected to the present life. On the other hand, Chinese take rebirth as the continuation of life before death, which the human relations in the present life are connected to the life in Pure Land.
This paper thus aims mainly at providing evidence to the above stated hypothesis as well as discussing the historical Chinese cultural beliefs that have for a long time caused stigmatization to the people who get these marks on their skin. To begin with, the Chinese language and symbols are widely used in the tattoo industry. This is apparent because of its ability to convey bigger messages in a small symbol representation. However this practice is not that common, at least until the last decade because of the historical perspectives. Since ancient China, religious sects believed that the body was holy, a representation of the family and its lineage.
In most countries, religion is under an open environment and people have the right to choose their beliefs. But in some developing countries, the government affect people’s beliefs, such as, China, and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) which is officially atheist since ancient times. Last year, "the Chinese government took steps to consolidate further its authoritarian monopoly of over all aspects of its citizen’s lives” (Chan 2005). China restricts freedom of religion because the government believes there are many uncoordinated religious and socialist issues. To begin, is about a benefit.
Moreover, the administration claimed that “It also goes against the rules that require ads not to contain content that blasphemes national practices and cultures”. This situation shows how strongly society can affect the course of events. Although foreigners do not catch and understand why this advertisement caused such a heated controversy among Chinese citizens, after reading the unflattering comments, they realised how Nike’s commercial offended Chinese cultural values which lead to impairment of people's perception towards the brand
During the Confucius period Chinese society was collapsing, because of anarchy and disorder which was everywhere. Some people believed that force and harsh punishment could restore peace and tranquility in China. In the eyes of the Chinese the local traditions became less important and it led to the division of society. Confucius believed that brute force was not solution for this problem, but at the same time, he understood that people would not love each other and live in harmony by themselves. Than he suggested the solution of public problems: review and clarification of the national traditions.
Taoism Taoism is an indigenous chinese religion and a philosophy which has roots from ancient shamanism. It has lived through centuries in China as a religion aside Confucianism and Buddhism and as a philosophy aside Confucianism. As a philosophy it is mainly the opposite of Confucianism, because Confucianism praised laws and order but Taoism is more about people having minimal restrictions in order to live happily. The Taoist religion was created from the Taoist philosophy and as a philosophy and religion it has had a huge influence in China and in eastern Asia. Although, as a religion it would outline all the seven dimensions it is debatable if it is more of a philosophy.
His words and teachings became important to solve the problems in that time. There are many text and book to talk about Confucius, since Confucius was so famous that it was only natural that all sorts of myths would be built up around him. After the death of Confucius in 479BC, his students and their students after them generated text that claimed to set out or elaborate on Confucius’ thought. The most famous text is Analects(Lun Yu), which is a collection of the saying of Confucius. The Analects is the primary source of direct quotations from Confucius.
For she complained on how Buddhist members were lacked on emotional affection compared to Christianity. This stage also may also not just mark the beginning of Willow’s conversion but may be as well the factor of her religious conversion where Harun, Avicenna and Atqa (2012) claimed that one of the prominent factor of religious conversion is one is unhappy with previous religion and has emotional or intellectual conflict regarding former religion or past lifestyle. This supported by a Willow’s complain, Chinese (Buddhist) they don’t have the prayers part, they only burn things, no praying whatsoever like Christianity, Chinese way only burning staff, those are the customs…you see or not that is
Some Chinese people always complain that they have been treat in unfair in many aspect such as promotion in government sector, priority chance of university or applying scholarship and others. In other side, some Malay people always think that Chinese is outsider and have bias on Chinese people. On this account, misunderstandings arise when people use their own way to judge others people with different culture. Actually, people have to learn to understand others’ cultural values and become central when we interact with others people from different cultural background. People are not born to be bias but they had been affected by some issues, environments or people mouth.
The importance of religion in people’s belief systems can be glimpsed in the many highly respected religious clerics and figureheads that assume much authority within their religious circles due to their central position in these local and even national religious networks. For instance, Mariano ‘Mike’ Zuniega Velarde, better known as Bro. Mike, is a well-known televangelist and founder of a Philippines based Catholic Charismatic religious group called El Shaddai. Based in Philippines, it has an estimated following of three to seven million. Physical manifestations of the importance and practice of religion can be seen not just in built places of worship e.g.