Diabetes adds to this stress because residents voiced that the out of control sugar levels made them more stressed. Individual emotional and physical choices play a crucial role in health and even more so in lower socio-economic neighborhoods. The biological level in terms of diabetes would be the genetic influence Cockerham (2013) addressed. The biological element at play is the TCF7L2 variant gene. This gene increases the diabetes risk but depends on heredity.
Healthcare disparity can be explained as the gap created in the delivery of healthcare to communities which causes some communities to receive better healthcare than others. Some factors that can cause these disparities include race, socioeconomic status, location, and gender. Because of health care disparities, there are a lot of patients who are and will be at risk for many diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension. These disparities negatively affect the overall cost of delivering quality healthcare and are issues that must be addressed by the people who know them best, the health care workers. Through the NURSE Corps Program I hope to help address these imbalances in underserved communities in various ways.
For instance, Wilkinson (1996) analyzes data of mortality and morbidity from several countries and finds that the widest gaps in health inequalities are found in countries that have the widest gaps in income. That shows class order has effects on people’s health. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be sensitive to health inequality because knowing the health inequality not only helps to cure the diseases of patients but also help to promote health . In order to reduce the illnesses and promote health, hospitals are not enough. We need to have healthcare systems to reduce illnesses and promote health.
Majority of the factors affecting long-term compliance may be due to the number of the medications taken, number of daily doses, occurrence and well as severity of the side effects and compatibility with the daily activities of the patient (2). There are several reasons that act as barrier for medical non-adherence to occur among older patients. These include poor eyesight or vision, memory, hearing of the elderly, having difficulty to follow the instructions given, handling small tablets, opening drug containers, lacking of education about the medication, inability to define the adverse drug reactions, as well as competence of prescribed medicines
MSD decrease productivity at work due to sick leave and early retirement, and are also costly in terms of treatment and individual suffering. Moreover, MSD represent a common health-related reason for discontinuing work and for seeking health care. In many occupations, MSD include a wide range of inflammatory and degenerative conditions affecting the muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, bones and joints. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders can take different characteristics. It is generally agreed that the injuries result from overuse, beyond a person’s body recovery capacity.
Addiction can result in lasting physical and emotional issues that may affect other aspects of an individual’s life. A number of psychological issues can occur from substance abuse, which include but are not limited to depression, anxiety, paranoia, etc. (Exploring the Long, 2017). According to Hart and Ksir, psychological dependence is indicated by the high rate of drug use, craving for the drug, and a tendency to relapse after stopping use (Hart, Ksir 2015). On the other hand, an individual can suffer from long-term physical effects of addiction as well.
insights into various phenomenon related that are related to health, inequality in health, medical care, relationship between health and socioeconomic status, occupational choice (Cropper, 1977; Muurinen and Le Grand 1985; Case and Deaton, 2005) and has become the standard framework for the economics of the derived demand for medical care .A standard framework for health investment like medical care, demand for health and has to meet the significant challenge of providing insight into a variety of complex phenomena. Ideally it would explain the significant differences observed in the Farmers health and socioeconomic status (SES) often called the “SES-health gradient” (Galama, 2011). 2.5.1 The Demand for Health and Health Investment Demand
The major signs and symptoms of depression in the elderly such as Empty feeling, sadness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, social withdrawal, isolation, loss of appetite and repeated thought of death and suicide. Depression in older adults and elderly is often linked to physical illness. Symptoms of depression can also occur as part of medical problems such as dementia. The causes of depression in the elderly are mainly due to the physical and biological changes of the elderly that can put at risk for depression. The causative factors that contribute to depression in older adults
A public health issue that I would be most interested in when it comes to developing a public health campaign is the cost and stigma that is associated with mental health. Mental health is best defined as the experiencing of any problems that is related to ones social, emotional, and psychological well-being. Throughout a person’s life different events and experiences such as trauma and genetics can alter how someone can go about living their life. Other factors that also come into play is gender, race, social economic class, and religious beliefs. The need for this campaging is to bring about awareness and to start more conversations in efforts to make people feel comfortable when it comes to seeking help.
In recent years we have seen an alarming increase of obesity and stress related diseases which can be directly attributed to our lifestyles. We as a group are concerned with what are the factors contributing to this decline in the health of our people and what solutions can be implemented towards the reduction of this problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines “health” as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not simply just the absence of disease. There are several factors which contribute to the degeneration of the health amongst the population of Trinidad and Tobago today including the emotional and spiritual well being of an individual. Some of the more burning issues that we’ve identified are: the lack of exercise, less time to prepare healthy meals for oneself and family, obesity, increased stress levels and less time for rest and relaxation.
It shows that as we move from social class 1 to social class V, there is increased risk of variety of diseases like cancer, respiratory, heart, strokes etc. and also the chance of accidents and suicides also increase in the lower classes (Waterson, 2003). It states that poor men and women are more likely to die than rich ones. Thus mortality is also proportional to the social class that an individual belongs to. Socioeconomic inequalities in health typically take the form of a ‘social gradient’, in which those in higher socioeconomic groups have better health and longer life expectancy than the groups below them (Scambler, 2008).
When comparing the rates of lung, colorectal, and cervical cancers between Appalachia and the United States, high occurrences and later stage diagnosis occur in Appalachia. In addition, lung and cervical cancers were at a higher rate in rural Appalachia than urban areas of Appalachia. The percentage of unstaged cancers was higher in rural Appalachia. This is most likely due to the lack of access to widespread diagnostic methods and care. Studies have stated that the greater
Due to the poor state of France’s economy, government, and recent losses in the war, France had to sign the Peace of Bretigny in 1356 (Lengal, 2013). The Peace of Bretigny, in turn, gave England more power and created a short reprieve from the Hundred Years’ War. In conclusion, there are countless reasons the economy and the way of living changed dramatically in Europe during the time of the Black Death. The illness came right on the heels of the Great Famine and could not have begun at a worse time for Europe. Fear of trade, self-preservation during though times, lack of resources, and having to care for the sick and the dead.
Health disparities; i.e. a difference in health among segments of population based on the social determinants of health have a significant impact on the individuals health status and their ability to access healthcare services. Although the overall health of the United States population has improved, large disparities in terms of health outcome and access to healthcare exist between wealthier Americans and their “poorer counterparts primarily because of differences in education, behavior, and environment. Higher incomes permit people to buy healthier food; live in safer, cleaner neighborhoods; and exercise regularly” (Longest, 2015, p8). Over the last two decades, the public health community’s attention has placed lots of emphasis on addressing the non-medical factors, such
As a mental disorder, depression may severely impact growth and development as well as peer and family relationships and can be associated with great socio-economic costs (REF 1 & 2). It has been linked to various health risk-related behaviours (HRBs), such as tobacco use, alcoholism and unhealthy eating habits. It has also been found to act as a risk factor for multiple conditions including cardiovascular diseases (REF 2 & 5& 9). Such effects can be extremely pronounced as suggested by statistics reflecting that Major depression affects 3 to 5 percent of children and adolescents (REF 1). Thus, an intervention to reduce such data is required.