The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
The United States responded with Operation Rolling Thunder, which consisted of sustained bombing in North Vietnam. Instead of intimidating, pressuring, or frightening the North Vietnamese, the bombing raids of Operation Rolling Thunder solidified the North Vietnamese’s thoughts that the United States was intent on destruction. This reminded the North Vietnamese of the French, and increased their resilience. Chapter 6 – Into the Abyss, 1965-1966 One reason why the United States had to aid South Vietnam in the war was due to the fact that the ARVN suffered from desertion, absenteeism, cronyism, and nepotism (117). This led the United States to change their strategy in aiding South Vietnam.
The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
This document written by the government of South Carolina is justifying their succession from the Union. Their reasoning was that the northern states have denied the rights of property which were established in the United States Constitution. The government of South Carolina viewed Lincoln as a threat to slavery, this is evident when they said “ … All the states north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.” (Doc 7). This also shows extremism as South Carolina did secede from the union, justifying it. This began to split the Union into two eventually leading to the Civil War.
Therefore, there would have been no bloodshed in Korea. And now, the most pointless war in history of mankind, the Vietnam war, fought literally because the American government didn’t want communism anywhere, yet they overlooked the fact that south Vietnam’s leader was a horrible man who didn’t believe in human rights and that the guerillas of the Viet Cohn were not massacring the citizens of south Korea, but were actually coming to peoples’ homes and helping them with their farms. All they did was share their communist beliefs, they didn’t even force them upon them, and most of the south Vietnamese liked the idea. North Vietnam didn’t even use brutal tactics against their people, like most “communist” countries. Doesn’t sound like a problem, riiiiiiiight?
In 1884, Vietnamese scholar-officials were forced by French authorities to sign the Treaty of Hue, which formally ended the independence of a unified Vietnam (St. John, 1998 p. 11). The French then divided the country administratively into three regions, Tonkin, Annam and Cochinchina. The Vietnamese were not allowed to see themselves as Vietnamese anymore, or to call their country by its proper name. Instead, they had to identify themselves with the region they lived in. However, ‘to the Vietnamese, these were geographical terms, and their use by the French to imply a political division of the Vietnamese homeland was as odious to the Vietnamese as the loss of independence’ (St. John, 1998 p. 14).
Throughout the first paragraph of King’s speech, he used emotional diction with words such as struggle, poverty, and poor to prove that the war in Vietnam was bringing down the American’s and their families fighting overseas. King proved this partly with the quote, “America would never invest the necessary funds… in the rehabilitation of its poor so long as adventures like Vietnam continued…” (King, Beyond, 9). King was establishing his point that America was more troubled about healing and adjusting other countries, but would never invest the same in their own country. He was in the process of proving that it wasn 't a money issue in America, but an equality issue. Along with, “...and the almost facile connection between the war in Vietnam
However, it is here that the evidence of the domino theory in Southeast Asia stops- communism failed to take hold in nations (such as Indonesia and Thailand) bordering these new communist states. These “unfallen dominoes” are not the only counter arguments to the domino theory. One such argument is that the Indochina Wars were driven more by nationalism than by communist ideals. Another counterargument suggests that the Vietnam war itself aided the spread the of communism through the region due to wide spread bombing fostering anti-American sentiments in nations such as
The causes of the Vietnam War were as a direct result of and as a consequence of the Cold War. However, neither the Soviet Union nor the United States could risk an actual war against each other, due to the nuclear military power they both possessed. Many proxy wars did in fact develop consequentially; Vietnam being of the most vivid examples. In Vietnam, the Americans actually became directly militarily involved. And in order, to support their Communist cause, Russia armed China, who in turn, equipped the North Vietnamese to fight the Americans.
Unlike the Vietnam War, the missile crisis jeopardized the American way of life, which is why America acted. Former President John F. Kennedy, before meeting a gruesome death, addressed the issue that plagued the nation. In Kennedy’s Oval Office Address, he explains that since the end of World War 2, America “shows that we have no desire to conquer any other nation,” demonstrating America’s peacefulness (Kennedy). Although America will not invade any country, Kennedy’s actions to defend America from Cuban missiles should be the epitome of what every striving president should be. Not to interfere with foreign affairs, but if ever threatened America should be ready to defend
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.
The Korean War Chart Somebody ... Wanted ... But ... So ... North Korea Wanted to make sure the Korean peninsula into a Communist nation United states and nation Stopped them The Chinese joined the war on the Korean side and pushed the united states and nation back to the 38th parallel line General MacArthur To win china over before they became communist with the soviet union Wasn’t allowed to be a general anymore and he was ordered to stay the 20 mile mark We stayed away from china for the most part and failed to get them to become democracy President Truman To stop soviet expansion , the war, and the spread of communsim Americans didn’t want to go to war The war ended in a statement China To stay in the “safe zone” that way there were no interruptions in their reconstruction They feared that the united states would break into china if the us and south Korean were allowed into war China planned a surprise attack and defeated American troops
All things considered, it is not a fair assessment to call it “Johnson’s war” bearing in mind Nixon interfered, but to a certain point it is reasonable to call it so, because of the Tonkin Gulf resolution and because of Operation Rolling Thunder. The Tonkin Resolution put too much power into Johnson’s hands and allowed him to start a war without officially declaring one. In addition, Operation Rolling Thunder was a fail and helped the Viet Cong in finding a way to attack the American troops without showing themselves. Nixon going behind Johnson’s back and making a deal with the enemy made the war, to a certain degree, his fault as well. All in all, the Vietnam War should not be looked at as all Johnson 's fault, the blame is divided between
In the time that an executive order exists, or troops movements are made, irreparable damage can be done before the congress can fix the president’s mistakes. An example of this is in the Vietnam War. President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered an attack on North Vietnam after three “unprovoked” North Vietnamese cruisers attacked a United States boat on a “standard patrol”.  The boat was actually on a signalling intelligence mission far into Vietnamese waters. The United States was forced to go to war after the first United States attack, as Vietnam was planning on fighting back.
In McMaster’s words, the battle was, “was lost in Washington, D.C., even before Americans assumed sole responsibility for the fighting in 1965 and before they realized the country was at war; indeed, even before the first American units were deployed.” One of the reasons McMaster decided to study the Vietnam war is because he wanted to learn from the other commander’s mistakes. He did not wish to re-due a poorly strategized war such as Vietnam. He wanted to lead his troop’s confidently, using good and effective war plans that would result in America winning wars--instead of losing them drastically. McMaster expounds in his book about how the military men viewed their commanding officers, such as McNamara, as an enemy instead of an ally. I’m sure that from those mistakes that McNamara made, McMaster has learned to treat the fellow militaire with value and respect.