The nature vs. nurture debate centers on whether human behaviour and personality are inherited (nature) or acquired (nurture); in other words, whether a person’s environment or a person’s genetic inheritance determines their behaviour and personality. Goldsmith and Harman (1994) adopt a neutral position, in which both nature and nurture influence people, stating that they “believe that the fundamental issue concerns the interplay between characteristics of the individual and of the relationship” (54). Goldsmith and Harman discuss temperament and attachment for infant, with temperament being linked to the nature side of the debate and attachment being linked with the nurture side; as a result, the infant’s temperament influences the attachment bond between the infant and the mother, but the attachment bond influences the temperament of the child as well. Therefore, both nature and nurture interact with each other to produce people’s behaviour (Harman et al. 54). Andersen and Berk (1998) take on the nurture perspective, while Leary (1999) claims that nature is the determining factor of a person’s personality.
Social cognitive theory is the most influential psychological theory of the modern time. This theory is presented by the leading and distinguished psychologist Dr. Albert Bandura. He critically observes the human behavior and personality. He figures out the authoritative and dominating factors that shape the person 's personality, thinking, cognition and motivational processes. According to Mulhollem,"Bandura simply observing the others and incorporating this concept into his theory".
The influence of environment (poverty and social economic status) on child development The social environment in which a child grows up has a big influence and effect on the child’s development with regards to their schooling, in particular. Poverty and social economic status (SES), both have an impact a child’s academic achievement. Poor academic achievement and participation are closely correlated with a low social economic status, poverty and inconsistent family life (Dubensky, 2006). This essay will look at this theory by mainly focusing on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological framework and how it applies to the theory that development and environmental circumstances coincide.
We as individuals and humans will encounter several things throughout the course of our life that will impact and shape us, weather it be religious views, our upbringing, or life events, all play an important role in our development. Urie Bronfenbrenner, a psychologist, believed that how a child and his environment interacted with each other will influence how a child will develop and grow. In Bronfenbrenner’s theory of human development he separates a child's environment into five systems they are, the microsystem, this is the child’s immediate environment, the mesosystem, which is the interactions and connections between the child and the microsystem, the exosystem, which is the system that the child will not directly be in but will have
Critical Analysis Saul McLeod discusses nature versus nurture in his article “Nature Versus Nurture in Psychology.” McLeod describes the theory of nature versus nurture and important psychologists, states the history behind the theories, and mentions recent ideas and theories pertaining to nature versus nurture. With McLeod’s wide coverage and depth, he displays a good range in knowledge of the topic and produces an informative article. McLeod first states that the debate of nature versus nurture focuses on environment and genes and then describes each: “Nature is what we think of as pre-wiring and is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors. Nurture is generally taken as the influence of external
Multisystemic therapy (MST) is considered a family and community based intervention based off of Bronfenbrenner’s (1979) theory of social ecology (Borduin et al., 2009). Consistent with Bronfenbrenner’s (1979) theory of social ecology, a key notion of the MST theory of change is that juvenile delinquency is motivated by the interaction of numerous risk factors linked to the multiple systems in which youth are surrounded by; family, school, and neighborhood (Borduin et al., 2009). What the research does not tell us about Multisystemic therapy is whether or not its effectiveness varies based on ones SES group. SES is an important factor to consider because it is suggested that youth who maintain a lower socioeconomic status may face more toxicity when faced with adversity, which may lead to severe delinquency (Low, Sinclair & Short, 2012).While MST research has revealed its efficacy on juvenile delinquency like in Robinson et
Piaget saw development as adaptation to the environment one lives in. This engagement and interaction leads to new perceptions of the world and new organizations of knowledge and thought. Then we have Erik Erikson (1902-1994), he proposed the psychosexual theory. This states that the driving force behind development is the need to become integrated into the social and cultural environment.
His approach of studying the development of the human mind was a synthesis of ideas drawn from biology and philosophy. He looked at human beings as biological organisms who must adapt successively to their environment. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development revolutionized the study of children’s cognitive development and it has undergone some revisions over the years. It also provides a set of basic principles to guide our understanding of cognitive development that are found in most recent theories.
An important lesson that can be taken away from Wiesel's life is to always be grateful for what you have. This is an important lesson, because gratitude leads to happiness. If nobody was thankful for what they had, then they would always be trying to get more, and if they did not get it, then they would be frustrated and agitated. For example, in Night, Wiesel has significantly less than any of us have now, so he is grateful when he gets a single extra ration of bread or soup, and he is delighted to have this. He writes “Our first act as free men was to throw ourselves onto the provisions.
The concept of adulthood represents not only the sum of one's experiences, but also the determination of one's place within society. Adulthood is formed through the experiences of the individual. These experiences catalyze the acceptance of a social role, as opposed to title or paycheck. Finally, the acceptance of an individual's social role initiates a process of social unity. In this way, the sum of a person's experience and the changes that result from said experiences present the evolution of child into adult.