The Reign of Terror was from September 5, 1793 to July 27, 1794 during the French Revolution. The Revolutionary government decided to take harsh measures against people they thought were against the Revolution. Many executions happened in Paris after the decision. During this period at least 300,000 suspects were arrested and 7,000 people were
The American revolution was absolutely justified. A great way to justify any actions, is to take a look at the results that arose from those actions. America dignified freedom to the people that colonized it. When Great Britain attempted to suppress the colonists freedoms the colonialists only reacted. Thomas Jefferson said it best. When any form of Government becomes destructive of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness it is the people’s right to alter or abolish it.
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès talks about in his famous pamphlet, What Is the Third Estate, relates to common people. During history, we talked about how the people serve the king based on God’s authority. However, it limits people from speaking out on their individual issues or needs. What Sieyès suggests is that without the nobility or the citizens, they cannot function. It takes both the nobility and citizens to create the foundation for their “new” government.
In the medieval period of 1050-1300, the Kingdom of France progressed and developed along many lines. A new culture developed, a central government emerged and new lines of thought began to come into fruition. With these developments, many problems began to emerge. The issue of violence in general emerged as a problem that needed to be addressed by the government. In addition, greed and corruption ravaged the church questioning its moral integrity, and thus, its authority. In the scholarly world there was also a need for a new, logical form of thought to emerge that would become innately associated with the kingdom of France. With all of these problems came solutions with varying success. Each of the problems and responses were integral to
Almost every Revolution in history has been initiated by a distinct and abrupt sparking event. This sparking event often splits into two distinguishing features. The first spark is the ideology, and the second is the consolidation of that ideology through violence. The idea of this sparking event is evident In the latin root of the word revolution, “revolutio”. Literally translated a revolution is “ turn around”, an abrupt reaction. In addition, to this root the word also stems itself back to the latin verb revolvere (“ to revolve”). The etymology of the word revolution is significant in the way it which it reveals two key aspects of revolutions. Starting with the first latin root ‘revelatio”, an abrupt ‘turnaround’, emphasizes the
He collected taxes without the consent of the estates general in order establish many things, fund a series of wars, build a bigger and stronger military and to build his palace, the Palace of Versailles, when it was built he insisted that the nobles spend more time there (Doc 2). This eventually led the nobles into debt because they spent most of their time and money at the Palace of Versailles. The nobles being in debt meant that they lost status and power, which ultimately fed the basis for the French Revolution. Document 3 states; “The aftermath of the revocation was disastrous for France. Many of those who abjured [gave up] their Protestant religion repented of their weakness.”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred. Fundamentally, the actions that Louis XIV took had a great impact towards his people. His actions ultimately led the people of France initiate the French Revolution, which left France and its people in a vulnerable
This essay will address the French Revolution and the degree to which it can be aptly described as “revolutionary.” How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Was the storming of the Bastille, the destruction of feudalism, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of a fundamental and radical and revolutionary nature, or, alternatively, simply a series of historical events that results in the supplanting of one authoritarian regime for another and at great cost in
These methods did not justify The Reign of Terror, because the patriots posed as a threat, “forty of their number were killed” (Document D). This issue should have been dealt with differently; there is a way to stop stuff like this other than killing people. Also, the government abolished “Sunday worship, Christmas, and Easter”. The internal threat was perhaps serious enough to abolish Christmas and Easter, but should not have resulted in death.
The external threat was not enough to justify the Reign of Terror. One example of this is that “churches are soon closed by revolutionary government” which is wrong, because people should be able to choose what they believe in (Document A). Another example is that the “Government denies legal counsel to accused enemies of the revolution” (Document A). People should be respected even when they believe differently than the rest of the society. This shows that the reign of Terror was not justified, because people are punished for their beliefs.
The French Revolution was a very problematic time period. After the execution of Louis XVI, the Reign of Terror began during the years of 1793 - 1794 which was led by French politician, Maximilien Robespierre and lasted for 18 months. This topic is controversial when the question, “Was the Reign of Terror justified?” is asked. The Reign of Terror was ultimately unjust because the promises for a democracy were put to the side due to a desire for power. It was inhumane to murder a colossal amount of people based on accusations and from being blinded from greediness.
Was the French Revolution preventable? This is a question that is fascinating to think about. What could have been done differently to prevent this revolution that cost countless people their lives? Why were others willing to give their lives, for what cause? Why was life so turbulent? These questions will be answered by the time you have finished reading this paper.
Absolute monarchs centralize their absolute power. Louis XIV and Peter the Great are exceptional examples of an absolute monarch. Louis ruled in France from 1638 – 1715 and Peter ruled in Russia, but he was not liked by many people. They both had all four characteristics of an absolute monarch. Louis centralized his power by keeping nobles busy with court life, he increased revenue by supporting the arts and literature and reformed taxation with the help of Jean Baptiste Colbert. In addition, he increased his army to gain more territory. Peter the Great centralized his power through fear of the people, built up his army from nothing, and what also made him an absolute monarch was he did not share his power with anyone at all.
Before Napoleon became emperor, France was in a post-revolutionary state after a series of civil wars. Napoleon Bonaparte’s accomplishments were achieved inside and outside of France. Napoleon’s political feats were achieved by having superior military leadership. Napoleons leadership of France ended up turning tables in many different areas from gaining economic stability to establishing an agreement with Pope Pius VII of the Roman Catholic Church. The greatest achievements that made the years 1801-1805 the height of Napoleons political career were the Concordat, the Napoleonic Code, and the reformation of French economy.
The French Revolution was a major failure and a minor success. After all of the blood shed, the laws, civil rights, and codes did not get instituted effectively and did not represent the values that the citizens had fought for. Examples of this were the Napoleonic Code and Declaration of Rights of Man. Another reason it was a failure was because during the revolts and reforms more than 40,000 men and women died. This enormous massacre of people went against Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, all of which the national assembly declared were every man 's right. Much of the killing can be blamed on Robespierre and King Louis XVI. Although it was mostly a failure, some achievements can be seen through the Revolution. The French Revolution helped the French people become a more equal and socialist state. This showed Europe that the French were capable of revolting and they were not afraid to stand up for what they believed. They demonstrated pure democracy by abolishing the 3 estates and assuming power for the people. These two points are miniscule compared to death, destruction, and economic failures that the Revolution brought. The French Revolution was mostly a failure because of the ineffective execution of reforms and unnecessary massacre of lives. However it was a minor success because of the socialistic ideologies that were given birth to during the Revolution, which helped reform France into what it is today.
The French revolution is considered to be the most significant and effective event in the history. It changed the lives of many peoples and changed the future. Since people of France were under the control of the King they wanted to get rid of French government to eliminate power of the king. There were numerous other factors that also lead the French to the revolution. There were also many social unfairness among the taxes between the estates. Also the 3rd Estate peoples were fighting for justice because they were the people who suffered the most pain and lived the poverty life. The French revolution would not have happened unless the king kept and used his power carefully and handling economic, social, and political situations instead of