Have you ever heard of Hammurabi’s Code? We hear this in this article Hammurabi’s code: Eye For an Eye.” In this article the author claims, Hammurabi’s code shows how life was in Babylon. First of all, the author tells us about Hammurabi. For example, Hammurabi ruled Babylon from 1792-50 B.C.E. He wanted to make justice and laws to support also protect widows and orphans.
This is what Hammurabi tried to achieve after conquering all of Mesopotamia. His code addressed this by unifying and securing the empire by setting a standard for moral values, religion, class structure, and gender relationships. Claiming that he received laws from the sun god, Shamash, assisted in the acceptance and acknowledgement of the laws amongst the empire. This was the first time that one system of laws would be used everywhere a government would be not only running, but also defining the concept of law and order. The Code was class based and favoured the upper class.
What was Hammurabi’s Code, what was the significance of the laws, and what was the impact of these laws on later civilizations? The development of Hammurabi’s code was significant. Hammurabi was the best known Mesopotamian king. Hammurabi ruled the Babylonian Empire from 1792 – 1750 BCE. One reason that Hammurabi created his code of laws was because he was concerned with keeping order in his kingdom.
To start off the Code of Hammurabi was written and invented by the Babylonian ruler, Hammurabi. It was composed of many laws that gave the people moral standards, created distinct social classes and worked to create equality. According to the Code of Hammurabi social classes are very important in having a regularly functioning social life. He divided the people into many social classes ranging from captured prisoners to the pharaoh. What the code developed was distinct order, by injecting fear into its people.
There is a question about Hammurabi’s code being useful for anthropologists studying Babylonian culture. The answer is yes, it is helpful for knowing more about Babylonian culture. Who is Hammurabi? Hammurabi was the first king of Babylonians. What is Hammurabi’s code?
In Yangzi and Yellow river valleys the societies that were emerging after 5000 b.c.e. They also developed the need for a recognized authorities. Instead of kings, the Egyptians recognized pharaoh as the supreme ruler.The authorities of the Yangzi and Yellow river valley also maintained order and organized community work projects. A power that rulers in the Yangzi and Yellow river societies has was the ability to resolve disputes. Though it can be assumed that the Nile rulers could too.
3 Birks’ interpretation of dominium Birks relies on three attributes to interpret dominium; namely, differentiation, singularity, and exclusivity. Birks opines differentiation: Roman ownership was perfectly differentiated from other forms of superiority relating to ownership, such as the power of the paterfamilias over his wife and children. One of the earliest examples of dominium provided for under Roman law was the dominium held by the paterfamilias over his household. Table IV of the Laws of the Twelve Tables (450 BCE), (“the Twelve Tables”) provided that the paterfamilias could exercise control over his family, including the power of life and death. Birks opines singularity, dominium was selectively a unique form of entitlement
The Magna Carta was the “Great Charter” of rights, which King John was forced to sign by the English nobles in Runnymede, Surrey in 1215. Feudal custom had been recognized that the relationship between king and vassals was based on mutual rights and obligations. The Magna Carta gave written recognition to that fact and was used in later years to strengthen the idea that a monarch’s power was limited, not absolute. In the Magna Carta’s 63 clauses, King John vowed that the church would remain free, listed rights due to landholders, said he would dismiss his mercenaries from foreign countries, and gave a council of 25 barons the right to go to war with him if he did not honor the Magna Carta. John was not the first to make promises to his barons.
His theory on natural law consists of seven basic goods, which consist of life, play, religion, aesthetic experience, sociability, practical reasonableness, and recreation. According to Finnis these seven basic goods give an answer to the question of why we do things. As people, all of our activities assist us in achieving one of the seven basic goods and it is the responsibility of the government to allow the people to achieve these goods through the legislator and through the judiciary . It is the duty of the judge to apply the law in such a way that it regulates society, yet it allows them to achieve the seven basic goods. This can pose an issue since striking a balance between the regulation of society and still allowing people to achieve the seven basic goods can be extremely difficult; as can be seen when one considers the fact that Finnis's goods on the surface are objective.
It was used by the king of Babylonian during his time from 1792 to 1750 B.C. These laws were written on to a finger shaped stone. Hammurabi’s laws were put in place and only needed to be followed by the lower class of Babylonian. Unlike the Ten Commandments Hammurabi’s law focused on more than just civil law it focused on criminal also. The upper class if the laws were not followed did not get the same harsh punishments as lower class they were hit with a fine.