He used Defense in Depth military strategy which seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of the attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties. A complex and elaborate defense was prepared. Among other things, an extensive system of tunnels was built to connect the prepared positions so that positions which had been cleared could be re-occupied. Numerous snipers and camouflaged machine gun positions were also set up. The Marines were able to cut off Mount Suribachi from the rest of the island by the morning of 23 February.
Throughout all of the Pacific Theatre the Allies use a myriad of tactics to defeat the Japanese. Japan’s naval mistakes were beyond costly in the entire Pacific Theatre. First, was Japan’s failure at the battle of Midway. Admiral Yamamoto was awfully uninformed about the US Pacific Fleet’s position. Yamamoto believed he could eliminate the US at Midway and move down the Aleutian chain to Hawaii and have FDR sue for peace.
They began in Okinawa since it had the heft of air bases that made Japan’s military successful in the past. With that in mind, on the off chance that American troops and its allies could decimate Japan’s aviation based armed forces, this could hamper the ability for Japan to recreate strategies to successfully strike back or assault. The vital view that partners of America needed to conquer the Japanese forces was sketched out into 4 fundamental stages that the Navy, Army, and Marines cooperated in. The main stage comprised of the progression toward the East bank of Okinawa. The second stage depended on clearing the north to secure that flank.
“The Battle of Midway is considered the turning point for the Japanese-American conflict in World War II. It was an important win for America and resulted in numerous Japanese loses” (“Battle of Midway”). On January 14, 1942, the Japanese decided to destroy the American naval fleet, a feat which had not been achieved during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Midway was recommended by the Japanese generals. This battle, if won, could open the opportunity of invading Hawaii and forcing America to surrender.
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5
Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbour in early December 1941, the American people were hesitant about joining World War II. However the attack which impacted the nation directly, ignited a desire for revenge on the Japanese. The attack sent the country into a panic, and the American government were not at all pleased with the unprovoked surprise attack. Thus, the use of racial stereotyping and dehumanising the Japanese, representing them as rats, became prominent during World War II. The American government used the attack on Pearl Harbour to demonise the Japanese in various different ways, creating a common hatred for their enemy nationwide.
(Laver, 329) The effective use of aircraft in sea warfare was demonstrated in the pacific campaign, where the Japanese used air power at the start of the war in the attack on Pearl Harbour and also against British ships. (Pearson, 163) This is considered to be of importance as the Japanese hoped to disrupt allied shipping from reaching the Pacific in order to stop any resources from coming in. In 1942, it seemed as if though the Japanese were successful in the war.
This bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans and completely destroyed the American battleship U.S.S. This tragic occurrence not only negatively affected the United States, but also affected many countries and relationships among countries. Next order of businesses for MacArthur was to leave and travel to Australia to take command of Pacific operations. America began stopping provide valuable resources to Japan after finding out that they wanted to expand, which the Americans were not happy about. President Truman instructed him supreme commander of the Allied Powers in Japan. His experience on the global stage came through for this job instruction and successfully encouraged the
The Battle of Tarawa in 1943 marked the first time that the US faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing. Over the course of four days, the 2nd Marine Division lost over 3,000 men to the heavily defended coastlines of Tarawa Atoll. Even though the Battle resulted in an American victory, it caused Naval and Marine Corps leaders to reevaluate traditional amphibious assault doctrine. While the principles of simplicity and offensive were followed, the principles of surprise and maneuver were not, which resulted in the mass casualties and lessons learned at Tarawa.