Why Did The Nile River Shaped Ancient Egypt

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Without the Nile Ancient Egypt would have never been created, because the Nile basically created everything for Egypt. Ancient Egypt began under the first pharaoh in 2920 BCE and ended in 30 BCE when the Romans conquered the Kingdom. The two sources of the Nile River is Lake Tana and Lake Victoria. The south which was upper Egypt was where the Nile flowed north out of the mountains. The north was lower Egypt where the river spread into a delta and then emptied into the Mediterranean Sea. This Ancient Egyptian society lasted about 3,000 years. The Nile River shaped Ancient Egypt by creating a calendar, contributing food and water, and providing transportation and trade. The first reason the Nile River shaped Ancient Egypt was by creating a calendar. The Nile River Flood cycle chart shows that the flooding season, Akhet, was from mid-June to mid- October. Flooding season was the time when many farmers worked off their public-labor tax, by doing jobs like canal repair or quarrying (Doc B). This proves that during this season, farmers worked for the government and not in the fields. The Nile River flood cycle chart displays that the planting/growing season Peret was from mid-October to …show more content…

The Nile River Flood cycle chart explains that there is three seasons, a planting and growing season, a flooding season, and a harvesting season (Doc B). This justifies that the flood cycle provided water from the flood season and when they were done harvesting it there was food . The map of Egypt circa 1500 BCE illustrates that all of the important cities and settlement were surrounded by the Nile (Doc A). In the picture the river went straight down the map with the cities on both sides right up against it (Doc A). This certifies that there was a lot of water for bathing, irrigation, and drinking. In conclusion, the Nile River provided a lot of food and water for many reasons which was very

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