Although it seemed that they could only profit from all the land they had amassed, it was quite the contrary and their gains marked the beginning of the end. The decline of the Roman Empire can be linked to host of reasons all of which are debated by historians. Of those reasons, the sheer size of the Roman Empire, the third century crisis and invasions in the hands of their enemies are at the forefront. The total size of the Roman Empire contributed immensely to its collapse. The empire was too large to be protected by the Roman army, causing the army to become bigger and with it, military expenses.
The Spaniards made a big impact in the Americas. They killed many Incas,Tainos, and Aztecs. These populations lost many including their emperors. On the Spaniard 's side they had power by killing Atahualpa and Montezuma they could create colonies and take riched back to their country. The Spaniards weren 't the only ones to look for riches in the New World.
Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire. Shortly before the arrival of Pizarro, the smallpox epidemic had just killed the Incan emperor and most of his court. Then, there was a civil war between Atahuallpa and his brother Huascar regarding who should be emperor next. If it had not been for the epidemic the Spaniards would have faced a united empire. 23.
During the exploration of the new world, Europe killed lots of people in the name of finding gold and/or land. They built cities in the name of their country. In the article in states that Cortes conquered the Aztecs killing thousands of people. Then Pizzaro did the same thing, but instead with the Incas when he conquered that people. Both of these people committed these atrocities in the name of Spain and their country.
This source was written in 1542, and this speech was given to the people of the country of Spain. The Martolome De Las Casas, the lord Prince of Spains don Felipe gave this speech to the people. Giving this speech, the Prince shows how horrid the idea of the Christians killing and destroying the Indies. The Christians represent the English and the Indies are the Indians. The Christians invaded North America and stole the Indians’ gold, food, and killed a multitude of them: “The cause for which the Christians have slain and destroyed so many and such infinite numbers of souls, has been simply to get, as their ultimate end, the Indians’ gold of them, and to stuff themselves with riches in a very few days, and to raise themselves to high estates... owing to the insatiable greed and ambition that they have had, which has been greater than any the world has ever seen before” (2 Bartolome De Las Casas).
Chaos swept over the Indians and the rebellion. They went on a rampage and fell murderously upon the Indians. Bacon suddenly dies of disease. Berkeley crushed the rebellion with brutally hanging more than twenty of the rebels (Document B). Later on both Virginia and Maryland employed the “headright” system to encourage the importation of servant workers (Document C).
The Spanish brought smallpox, influenza, measles and a host of other bacteria with them. In the series Guns, Germs, and Steel, the origin of smallpox coming to the Americas is traced back to a slave traveling on a ship to Mexico twelve years before Pizarro reached Carhamarka. The slave was the first to bring small pox to the Americas and within weeks the disease would go on the infect thousands of Natives. This supposedly started the spread of small pox, a pestilence that spreads exponentially. The outbreak reached the Incan empire before Pizarro came.
With the first wave of Spanish colonization of the New World, many indigenous peoples were killed and their lands were seized and their way of life was destroyed (Tindall 26-27). When the Spanish showed up, they greatly overpowered indigenous peoples. They had iron, seafaring vessels, firearms, explosives, and swords, with indigenous peoples had copper, dugout canoes, arrows, and tomahawks (Tindall 27). This is immoral because the indigenous peoples would have no chance against the Spanish, and killing the indigenous people was senseless since they couldn’t fight back well anyway. When indigenous people were threatened by people in a village Columbus left behind, they attacked, killing ten people, only to lead to a retaliation that decimated their numbers (Tindall 21).
Outside of disease, there are a few more ways the Europeans impacted the peoples in the Americas. One way the Europeans impacted the native peoples was by killing them and pillaging their villages. Examples of this are referenced in the article when Charles Mann writes about how the settlers near Plymouth killed villagers and ransacked their homes shortly after they arrived in America. Hernando de Soto’s stealing and pillaging of villages represents another example. A third example referenced in the article includes the conquistador's conquest of Mesoamerican civilizations, in which whole cities were ransacked and armies of warriors were killed.
Since the ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early english settlers arrived in the americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variolation, (that came from asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a english paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was instrumental in the fall of the empires of the Aztecs and the Incas.
Because of its wealth and territorial expansion and strength, the Han Empire originally prospered a lot, but at the end of Wudi’s life he became despotic. In order to stop any rebellion, he will executed people who criticized him. Starting about 100 BC, due to the military campaigns and heavy taxation, there were many peasants who rebelled
Other historians claim that Montezuma welcomed Cortes to the city from a position of strength and the gifts offered were a demonstration of power. Outnumbered and fearful of being overrun, Hernan Cortes captured and imprisoned Montezuma in 1520. Cuitlahuac to took over as Emperor retaliated. He led an offensive that drove the Spaniards out Tenochtitlan, Montezuma was killed during the revolt. Deadly small pox brought aboard by the Spanish, severely degraded the Aztec population killing thousands including Cuitlahuac.