1) What did the holy city of Jerusalem represent for Christians, Jews, and Muslims? Jerusalem represents and holds different historic and religious symbols to different religious groups. To the Christians, Jerusalem is the place where Jesus was crucified. Jerusalem holds the temple which has great religious importance to the Jews. Jersualem is also part of the Holy Land given to them by their God. For the Muslims, Jerusalem is the holy place where Muhammad ascended into heaven. 2) What sorts of people made up the ranks of the Crusaders? (Who were they?) Not only did knights and soldiers become Crusaders, but many other people did also. Whole families, servants, common people, and even Monks became Crusaders. The whole society, including women, picked up their lives and went on the Crusade. 3) Why was Pope Urban II the ideal figure to orchestrate the First Crusade in 1095? What traits did he possess, according to the video? …show more content…
He was a charismatic man who gave powerful speeches which moved people to sell their homes, leave their lands, and follow him across a continent. Pope Urban II marketed and advertised this crusade by promising salvation to those who came along. 4) What key event in 1095 sparked Urban II and the Western church to assemble an "elite force of knights" to reclaim the holy city of Jerusalem? In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor, Alexius I, who was also the leader of the Greek Orthodox Church at that time, sent a call for help to Pope Urban II. Alexius’ land including Jerusalem had been captured by Turks, and he wanted revenge. He asked for an elite force of knights to accompany his forces to recapture Jerusalem. 5) Offer THREE benefits a new Crusade had for the Christian church in the West. What does the video argue made it attractive to the Church, knights, families, and the
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The Crusade Wars were holy quests to gain the Holy Land, Jerusalem. It is recognized as a series of religiously sanctioned military crusade wars in Europe. Christianity was the dominant religion of power and wealth. Pope Urban II, initiated the first crusade by responding to a request from the Emperor of Constantinople for military help. Those who took to the crusade would be released of their debts and paying taxes.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages, spanning over 200 years, that began in 1095 and lasted until the fall of Tripoli in 1291. The Crusades started as a direct result of Pope Urban ii's speech at Clermont in 1095, where, due to his religiously based outlook on life, he characterized Muslims as violent and immoral and depicted the Crusaders as righteous defenders of Christianity. Pope Urban ii's speech perfectly represents the European's attitude towards the Muslim groups they were attacking; however, these attitudes were modified to fit various other ethnic groups, such as Jewish and Eastern Christians. The Crusaders associated many Jewish groups with negative aspects such as
Pope Urban II called for the first crusade to help the Byzantines and to free the city of Jerusalem. The first Crusaders were hordes of French and German peasants who all together had no military experience and had very little success. Known as the "People's
• Catholic crusaders sacrificed their lives to Christianity • Catholics were hugely influenced and dominated by the Church, this caused them to practice Christianity more often, it was not usual for Catholics to pray 5 times a day • Many people 's daily jobs were run by Church officials • Catholics payed 10% of their wage to the Catholic Church, decreasing their prosperity • Serfs and pilgrims were given freedom by going on the Crusades • By the fourteenth century the Crusades had become an essential part of every Catholic noble knight 's career • As a result of the Muslims, Christians were able to access texts, like the Aristotle, so the Muslims clearly passed on an intellectual heritage • The political system was changed from
The Christian View vs. The Muslim View of the Crusades The crusades were a set of different military actions that were sanctioned by the Catholic Church and the papacy. Their intention was to recapture Holy Lands they believed were rightfully theirs from the Muslim people that had invaded it. As any attack on a large group of people would do, every major group was affected. The Christians had their own reasons and beliefs for going on these Crusades.
The Crusades involved not only knights and warriors, but also commoners of both genders. Helping the Byzantine emperor Alexios meant protecting the citizens of Constantinople from falling under Muslim rule. Jihad, often thought of as a synonym for terrorism - recurrently thought of as acting in the name of Allah, means an internal moral struggle. Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims. Later on, the Crusades became a substantial excuse for Christians to fight anyone who was supposedly a threat for their religion.
Pope Urban II’s speech at Clermont in 1095 was a call to crusade given outdoors to the nobles, commoners and church leaders of the Western European Christians (the Franks). The people were moved by this speech and it changed history, launching the first crusade to capture Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks. After hearing Pope Urban II’s speech, thousands of Western European Christians were moved to embark on the dangerous journey and fight in the crusade. I believe the main reasons they were moved and persuaded to fight was; 1) they felt it was their Christian duty, 2) Pope Urban promised them absolution for their sins and 3) they felt compelled to defend Christianity, their holy land and the Eastern Christians.
Why did People go on crusades? There are many reasons why people joined the Crusades. Depending on the type of person you were, you would hold certain reasons to be more important than others. This is why so many people decided to join the crusades. The trip held much more value than just a success over opposing religion Islam; it also gave an immense chance for personal gain.
In 1198, Pope Innocent III preached the Fourth Crusade to reinstate Christian lands and recapture Jerusalem. Under Innocent III, for the first time in the history of the Crusades, the pope taxed the church in order to collect money for the war. In this Crusade, advocates followed Richard the Lionheart’s procedure and travel by sea rather than by land. As a result, crusaders leased vessels from Venice. Instead of going to the Holy Land, the Crusaders attacked Zara and Constantinople in order to acquire money to pay their debt and fulfill selfish reasons.
The Crusades were successful failures because they did not meet many of their goals, but left lasting effects. The Crusades was an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims. They believed they were fighting for god and all sins would be forgiven and defend the Byzantine Empire from the Turks. The first Crusade (1096 -1099) was successful for the Christians because they had a clear and organized religious based purpose. Crusaders the Christian armies were able to hold Jerusalem and in the process led to a massacre of Jews.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead.
Many things happened during the crusades. First crusaders left there families, the women and children where left to fend for themselves. In the first and only successful crusade the crusaders killed all Muslim inhabitants of Jerusalem. Although the crusaded was successful, within 46 years the land had to be fought for agin. All thought there was other crusades they still didn 't manage regain the holy land.
In 1096 more than 60 000 Christians warriors set of from Europe on the first crusade. Their goal was Jerusalem, for more than 400 years the holy city was in Muslim control. The crusaders vowed to reclaim it in the name of Christ. The Christian army struggled its way 3,000 miles across the forbidden landscape of the Middle East in a series of dangerous encounters with the force of the Muslims. In the aftermath of the first crusade.
• The historical importance of the phrase simony is that it is a practice in which bishops sold positions in the Church. • The historical significance of the word Gothic is that it is a new style of architecture that evolved throughout Medieval Europe. Gothic architecture had vaults that supported the roof 's weight, buttresses that transferred weight to exterior walls, pointed arches that framed glass stained windows, and tall spires that seemed to be pointing to heaven. • The historical importance of the term Urban II is that he read the letter that the Byzantine Empire needed help fight against the Muslim Turks.