The Battle of Saratoga known as a battle that was fought over two battles totaling eighteen days apart in the fall of 1777. The Battle of Saratoga would be considered as another turning point in the American Revolution. On September 19, 1777, British General John Burgoyne pulled off a small, but high-priced victory over American Colonial army led by General Horatio Gates and General Benedict Arnold. Though his troop strength had been weakened, General Burgoyne again attacked the Americans at Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777, but this time his forces were defeated and compelled to retreat. General Burgoyne surrendered ten days later, and the American victory convinced the French government to formally acknowledge the colonist 's cause and enter …show more content…
The scope of the American army victory is clear by a few key facts. The first fact is the divide-and-conquer strategy that General Burgoyne presented to British ministers in London was to invade America territory from Canada by advancing down the Hudson Valley waterways, unite and capture Albany, New York. As General Burgoyne march forces towards Albany, his supply lines from Canada would become longer and less reliable. Enabling him to attack a substantial supply depot at Bennington, Vermont, alleged to be lightly guarded and costing the captured of almost 500 British soldiers. In addition, General William Howe had his own plans to invade Pennsylvania and decides to attack the Colonial rebel capital at Philadelphia, taking the capital, rather than deploying his army to meet up with General Burgoyne and cut off New England from the other Colonies. These two factors contribute to the overall turning of the Battle of Saratoga and American Revolution. If General Burgoyne would have shown more resilience by waiting on reinforcements and supplies this would have allowed his forces to regroup and prepare for the next battle. In addition, he would have also been joined by other British troops under the command of Sir William Howe. Of the 7,000 British and Germans who marched from Canada, only 3,500 were fit for duty at
Gates' troops forced Burgoyne to surrender his 5,700 man army near Saratoga(Scythes). This victory, a major turning point of the American Revolution, convinced France to form an alliance with the Americans against Great Britain in 1778. Tensions between Gates and General George Washington grew immediately following Saratoga, after Gates informed Congress directly of his victory rather than informing his Commander. Washington was further angered that Gates did not promptly return troops sent to help Gates during the New York campaign. General Washington was also convinced that Gates played a role in the Conway Cabal, which was a supposed plot to remove Washington from command and replace him with Gates.
Unfortunately, the battle was not that successful, because only about fourteen hundred soldiers returned. After the Second Continental Congress declared that all loyalists were traitors, the laws of the state were showed as acts of treason like showing the British Army what to do, and shaming men who went away from the Continental army. As the war progressed the British realized that they were running out of options they needed a new tactic. With the new strategy that was being made for the war, Britain abandoned New England, and went down to focus on the Southern colonies. The King believed that since there was a huge slave population in the south, the slaves would be right away ready to be into his force.
They then marched to Freeman’s Farm. On September 19th, General John Burgoyne attacked. In defense of the land, Major General Benedict Arnold lead Colonel Daniel Morgan’s men and Henry Dearborn’s men to block off British troops. Once the battle reached the clearing at Freeman’s Farm, General Horatio Gates declared the battle to an end. Burgoyne took claim of the the land and made camp, waiting “for reinforcements from New York” (Battle of Saratoga).
In the fall of 1781, Colonial and French troops attacked to the British Army at Yorktown, Virginia. Led by George Washington and French General Comte de Rochambeau, they began their final attack on October 14th, capturing two British defenses and leading to the surrender, just days later, of British General Lord Cornwallis and nearly 9,000 troops. Yorktown proved to be the final battle of the American Revolution, and the British began peace negotiations shortly after the American
In the starting years of the war, the British generally won most battles due to their far superior sea power. After the invasion of Canada, the American colonist rebellion invasions and attacks continued. Battles after battles were being fought and everywhere the anger and the revenge taking nature was visible in both the colonists and the British officials’ eyes. The next 2 battles occurred in Trenton and Princeton of New Jersey. The Battle of Trenton occurred 26 December 1776.
Major Events of the Revolutionary War and Why America Won 2nd Celebration of Knowledge Essay Answer Every event that occurred during the Revolutionary War had an impact in the rise of our country’s independence and the fall of Britain’s power. Everything from the loss in the Battle of Bunker Hill to the approval and signing of the Declaration of Independence, it all had its role in making such a unique nation’s history. There are, however, some events that help describe the importance of the Revolutionary War better than others, such as the Battle of Saratoga, the Declaration of Independence, and the Battle at Bunker Hill.
In my opinion there are many reason why the colonists won the revolutionary war. Perhaps it was how familiar they were with the land, or their helpful french allies. One of the most important battles of the war was the battle of saratoga. To me this seems to be the most important battle and moment in the whole war. After the colonists defeated the English in the 2 battles of Saratoga, it proved to the french that the americans could win the war and the french should come to aid the americans.
The Battle of Valley Forge was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. Although no actual military battle was waged here, George Washington’s Continental Army faced some physical and mental battles of their own in this Pennsylvania town. It was here at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania where the Continental Army Soldiers of the Revolutionary War chose to go after being defeated in the Battle of Germantown in October 1777. During this winter, Washington’s troops came to this encampment to recuperate and train for future battles with the British.
The Events of the Battles of the Saratoga Egan J. Schafer Mountain View High School The Battles of the Saratoga The Battles of the Saratoga was when American independence won a place in the minds of Europe. The Battles are talked about in Creasy 's Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World, showing the importance of the outcomes of these battles.
General Burgoyne was taking fort after fort, city after city in a plan to capture the key city of Albany, New York. However, due to unexpected monkey wrenches thrown into the original plans and miscommunications, General Burgoyne was essentially without any sort of support from his fellow Generals by the time he reached Saratoga. The Battles of Saratoga lasted two battles; the first one resulting in a pyrrhic British victory, with the British in control over the field and the Americans retreated into their defenses as it was getting dark. Twenty days later, General Burgoyne launched another attack, even though his army was in need of men and supplies after the first battle. This time, the Americans repelled the attack and launched a counterattack on Burgoyne's retreating army all the way to the town of Saratoga (modern day Schuylerville), about 9.7 miles north of where the second battle took place (Bemis Heights).
Lexington and Concord The battles of lexington and concord happened on April 18, 1775. It was started by the higher ranking officers sending troop regiments to Lexington first then Concord. The battles were fought by the minutemen and british soldiers. The british soldiers were trying to take control and get supplies.
During the Revolutionary War the British were the strongest naval and land force in the world. This was due to their ability to expertly fight by lining up and firing directly at each other. From the day that America signed the Declaration of Independence to the very end of the Revolutionary War the colonists and General Washington had to use different strategies to defeat the British. The first example of his unconventional methods was at the battle of Yorktown. General Washington and the French had General Cornwallis trapped by land and sea and they forced him to surrender.
The Battle was the impetus for France to enter the war against Britain, re-invigorating Washington’s Continental Army and providing much needed supplies and support. The Battle of Saratoga, comprising two significant battles during September and October of 1777, was a crucial victory for the Britain , Kyle pesti p5 re-invigorating Washington’s Continental Army and providing much needed supplies and support. Body Patriots during the American Revolution and is considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War. The Battle was the impetus for France to enter the war against
Where the British lost men to the ratio 2:1 to the colonists. The second battle, the Battle of Bemis Heights, on October 7th, 1777 is named Victory NY now is where the Saratoga Monument is placed and memorializes that day. The colonists winning the Battles of Saratoga caused British general Burgoyne to return to England and never give another command. This is why the Battles of Saratoga are considered the major turning point in the American Revolution. Others might say the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the first battle, where the British attempted to seize Patriot arms is the turning point.
The battle of Quebec (Dec. 31, 1775) (www.history.com) was a big victory for America; it ended the “Snow Campaign” in Canada and it downed many British forces in the occupied territory. The “Snow Campaign” was the first major military operation for the 13 colonies. This battle was the last one in that operation for after this battle Colonel Benedict Arnold went to West Point where he talked with the British and told them that they could take over West Point. He did this because he was not promoted to