Over 200 years ago during the summer of 1787, our great American leaders discussed, argued and compromised to create the constitution that we have today. After the failed Articles of Confederation, a weak government that had no power to tax, a new form of government was in order. Congress decided instead of changing the Articles of Confederation, they would create a brand new government at the Constitutional Convention. In this ongoing meeting 55 delegates built a constitution from scratch Many compromises were created that strengthened the constitution including the Great Compromise, separation of powers, and the amendments, however it is argued that the 3/5 Compromise weakened the constitution (Appleby). One of the major compromises …show more content…
One of the crucial points when making the constitution was limiting the power of of the government. The solution was formed by creating three branches of government, therefore there was a separation of powers. One branch established was the legislative branch which included Congress with the two houses of representation and population. Their made job was to create laws and the executive branch, included the president and the vice president, would the enforce laws. Lastly the judicial branch which is made up of court, interprets the laws. These three branches are all equal and they have checks and balances to manage the other branches to restrict their power. This type of government strengthens the constitution because this way one branch doesn’t have to ability to abuse their power. John Adams once said, “It is by balancing each of these powers against the other two, that the efforts in human nature toward tyranny can alone be checked and restrained, and any degree of freedom preserved in the constitution” (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica). The United States still fears tyranny because of Britain abusing their power on the colonies. The United States wants a strong government that can enforce laws without being too powerful. With the separation of powers, all three branches have a lot of power together, but split apart they can’t gain too much
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The three had equal power, so no one branch would have more control. They would also focus on their parts of the job, while the other branches could intervene when they see that it is unconstitutional or they just do not agree. 11. List the major points of Article I of the Constitution. Pay particular attention to describing the “Necessary and Proper Clause” With the new government, Congress was able to engage in trade with foreign nations, and also coin and regulate their own money.
Separation of powers basically means what it says, separating the powers. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the united states. So the U.S has different branches, that all have different powers. The executive power shall be vested in the president of the United States, judicial power shall be invested in one supreme court, and the legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the united states. Having those helps give equal power.
In continuation, America 's need for a new constitution was imperative. The Articles of confederation was unable to deal with the nation’s troubles. Inevitably, demand grew for a stronger, more effective national government. On May 25, 1787, the constitutional convention opened in philadelphia at the pennsylvania state House. During this convention many compromises were made, the first being the Great compromise, which combined the New Jersey plan and the Virginia plan.
The Constitution of 1879 established the United States national government and its underlying laws, which guaranteed its people their basic rights. Compared to our first governing document, the Articles of Confederation was weak and the national government allowed states to operate like independent countries which caused the division among the original colonies. When it was evident the Articles of Confederation was not necessarily the best option a new constitution was conceived. At the 1787 convention, delegates planed on creating a stronger federal government which would bring a solution for the country. This new constitution would contain three the branches; executive, legislative and judicial where the power would be divided equally.
At the Constitutional Convention, our founding fathers met to reconstruct the Articles of Confederation, not knowing that they would create the United States Constitution, an entire new format of government. They wanted to create a government that was powerful yet restricted in certain ways, in order to create equal representation for all people. Three main compromises were made at the Constitutional Convention. These compromises were The Great Compromise, the Three-Fifths Compromise, and the addition of the Bill of Rights.
The United States constitution has been named a bundle of compromises because the delegates to the Constitutional convention in 1787 had to compromise on many different main ideas in order to establish a new enhanced constitution that is suitable to each of states. Two compromises that had a significant impact on American society and made the United States constitution become a reality are The Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise. The moral issue is the lack of representation in Congress. Representation in Congress was dealt with at the Constitutional Convention and has had significant impact on American society. Thus leading to the topic The Great Compromise.
The Articles of Confederation had left the central government weak and ineffectual, prompting the call for the Constitutional Convention . As James Madison argued in Federalist No. 10, "The friend of popular governments never finds himself so much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he contemplates their propensity to this dangerous vice.” To address this issue, the Constitution established a system of checks and balances between the three branches of government, ensuring that no single branch would dominate . The separation of powers across the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, along with checks and balances, made it difficult for any one branch to dominate the others. The Constitution further divided power in the legislature through bicameralism in Congress.
Checks and balances ensure that limits are put on the government, and that rights will not be violated. The more of the people repersentented in government allows for more interest a more power given to people. Through separation of powers, three branches were created. The legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The legislative branch makes the laws and provides for local interest.
The Constitution uses division of powers in order to prevent tyranny from occurring. James Madison, a man who was very dedicated towards our Constitution, decided upon dividing the government into two different sections, state and central, this idea is known as federalism. Powers needed to run a country are granted to the central governments, a few of those powers are printing and coin money, declare war, and regulate trade, and powers given to the state governments are the ability to hold elections, establish schools, and set up local governments. ( Document A ). The idea of federalism is important because it has a major effect on the prevention tyranny.
How did the Constitution Guard Against Tyranny? The Constitution guarded against tyranny through checks and balances. [Checks and Balances is where the three branches work together to make sure no one branch has too much power. Each branch receives control over the other branches.
The Separation of Powers is an imminent part of the daily function of the United States government. Separation of powers is an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial branches into three separate bodies. When the branches work together, laws get passed or denied. There has been much discussion about their relevance today. They are still a prominent aspect of the way the government is run today.
The government consists of the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial branch. These three powers guard against tyranny because the building of laws is represented to be more equal. James Madison, father of the Constitution and author of the Federalist Paper #51, wrote, "…. (L)iberty requires that the three great departments of power should be separate and distinct” (Doc B). The three groups should not be associating to have more power because it is authoritarianism.
The Constitution united the states in a more structured and governed body, while allowing the states to have some individually, and protected all rights of people specified in the Bill of Rights. The main fear in the constitution was that the central governing power in federal government would create a tyrant, something the colonists feared from their experience as being part of the British empire. Because of this, the founding fathers divided all the powers in the federal government into branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. Each branch is in check with the others, and makes it extremely hard for the country to fall into
“The constant aim is to divide and arrange the several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check in the other.” (Federalist Paper #51) (Doc C) The branches had some control of each other, so they can’t overpower each other. This helped balance the power so one branch doesn’t become an overpowered beast compared to the other branches.
The Constitution of the United States was formed 223 years ago. Since 1787, a lot has changed. We grew as a country, technology advanced, and we elected 43 different presidents. One of witch, being the first African-American President in history. Due to its age, some may argue that the Constitution is irrelevant to today’s problems.