After a terrorist attack of any kind there are always consequences that must be faced. Sometimes the point of the terrorist attacks is because the organization wished to send a message or to influence policy in their favor. However, after the 9/11 attacks administrators realized that the United States was not prepared for a tragedy of this kind and had little to no measures to prevent one, this lead them to create new programs and policies. Terrorist organization’s goal often comes down to one of the following: regime change, territorial change, policy change, social control and status quo maintenance. The main purpose of a terror attack may well be to influence public policy. An example used by Neumayer and Plumper, was how after the suicide …show more content…
Administrators took 9/11 as a lesson and implemented many new policies. Some changes that administrators made were improving airport security, domestic intelligence and monitoring and restricting access to bomb making materials. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) was one of the departments that was created. The TSA focuses on providing security for passengers and their cargo when traveling in the United States. The TSA is another clear result of how terrorism influenced and guided public policy. Another way administrators in the United States were affected by the 9/11 attacks was by improving their defense agencies and creating a way for them to work together and share any intelligence they may have. Policy makers realized that agencies like the FBI, CIA, and law enforcement across the federal/state/local entities could accomplish a lot more by sharing past, present and future intelligence. The attacks perpetrated on 9/11 instead of creating division amongst all the agencies helped create the Department of Homeland Security. Obviously, all these policies that were put in place after the terrorist attacks in New York were not part of terrorist organizations intentions. They woke up a sleeping giant if you will. Terrorism is often designed to disrupt and discredit the process of government by weakening it administratively and impairing normal operations. Luckily, the president and all entities of the government of the United States did not succumb to this. The perfect breeding grounds for terrorism are found in the countries whose administration lacks confidence, cracks and deteriorates after a terrorist attack, which is exactly what those terrorist groups want. Terrorist might also attack the United States in hopes of getting them involved into their local conflict, by pressuring the government to
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During the brutal attack called 9/11, four planes got hijacked by terrorists. One hit the the Pentagon, another one crashed into a field in Pennsylvania, and the last two hit the World Trade Center towers in New York City. Thousands of lives died that day due to the attack, but many have asked , “Could they have been saved?”In fact, they did not even need to be saved, it could have been prevented all together. The intelligence agencies FBI, CIA, NSA were partially responsible for not stopping the attacks.
I remember a teacher walking into my English classroom to tell my English teacher that a plane had crashed into one of the Twin Towers. At that point, it was unclear what had happened, and it wasn 't until the second plane crashed that it became clear that it was a terrorist attack. Since that day, there has been an increase in border security and more surveillance activity on
In accordance with the 2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review, the terrorist threat is one of the prevailing challenges that pose a significant risk level to the United States as well as to American citizens abroad and many U.S. allies (Department of Homeland Security, 2014). In the United States, the Federal Government assumes the responsibility for leading the efforts that seek to manage the risk level of the terrorist threat. That is why the Federal Government has created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whose main mission is to prevent terrorist threats by managing their risk levels (DHS, 2014). Since the terrorist threat is a very complex threat to manage for one entity or agency alone, the DHS is able to accomplish its main mission by working in partnerships with many federal agencies; State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial (SLLTT) Governments; private and public organizations; international partners; and communities all across the United States (DHS, 2014). In all of those partnerships, the Federal Government through the DHS plays a leadership role
Americans were shocked, confused, and feeling very vulnerable; they were looking for answers, and this allowed President Bush to create legislation that would forever change domestic policy. One such policy was called the “war on terror” initiated by President George W. Bush after the attacks of September 11, 2001. The broadly defined war on terror aimed to weed out terrorist operatives and their supporters throughout the world. The President urged Congress to create a new organization, the Department of Homeland Securities combining the Customs Bureau, the Coast Guard, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and other government bureaus. This organization would be dedicated to protecting our boarders and the safety of airline travel.
In the 09/11, Pentagon attack that left an indelible mark on American history faced similar challenges. The leadership was ineffective and no immediate action was taken to deal with the terror attack. The government had no planning team to determine what to do with such a catastrophe. Donald Rumsfeld, a civilian Defense Secretary, claims that it was not his responsibility to protect the homeland against such attacks but was rather that of law enforcement. Vice President Dick Cheney was to be in charge of the domestic terrorism investigation group.
Due to the enormous amount of evidence that was collected during the investigations, the bombing led to the adoption of new case management software that handles the massive volume of records the FBI develops in investigations (Fox 2015). The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 gave federal employees more protections and grew the FBI’s abilities to investigate overseas terrorist attacks on U.S. citizens. Moreover, the FBI opened up a new counterterrorism division and upgraded its crisis response center, opening a new Strategic Information and Operations Center at FBI headquarters. To sum it up, the Oklahoma City Bombing allowed the FBI to have an international reach on acts of terrorism committed on U.S.
The attack of 9/11 caused a lot of political judgments to become difficult. Al Qaeda planned this attack knowing lives would be lost or that people would be severely injured. It appears that terrorist attacks grew from spectacle to atrocity. The attack of 9/11 caused republicans and democratics to have even more different views on the government than they did before the attack. Republicans were isolationist when it came to building back up the nation, and unilateralist when it came to missile treaties and global warming.
He made many different changes to our government after the attacks, and he did it in a very efficient way changing many aspects of it to ensure citizens’ safety. The 9/11 attacks shaped how the U.S. government works, and how the national security of the United States has changed post attacks. The 9/11 attacks were a series of attacks on the United States when 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger planes. Two of these planes
“Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve.” George W. Bush delivered this speech on the night of the September 11 attacks. The shattered steel of the Twin Towers, once towering the New York City skyline, forever changed America and its response to terrorism. The largest foreign attack on U.S. soil appropriately gave reason to Americans to recoil in fear and lose trust in the future, but in reality, the country displayed the opposite reaction.
911 dramatically impacted societies broadly and law enforcement pointedly. According to the National Commission on Terrorists upon the United States (2004), it was clear after the September 11 terrorist attacks that intelligence sharing among all levels of law enforcement and the intelligence community was bankrupt (Carter & Carter, 2009). After the fact, there was a considerable investment of resources in many different government sectors for preparedness, response, and recovery from terrorist attacks. Shortly after the attack, President Bush signs the USA Patriot Act on October 2, 2001.
The terrorist attacks on 9/11 have caused many debates over the years since they occurred back in 2001. Two American planes were hijacked and ran into the twin tower buildings, another was hijacked and headed for the pentagon, but thankfully never made it. Thousands of Americans lost their lives on the days of the attacks and to this day the sorrow hangs with us. Security was a huge debate of the time because America is supposed to be the safest nation there is, so how did this happen? America had lots of changes to make the attacks on September 11, 2001.
Terrorist campaigns were climbing in decades prior to 9/11. A group of terrorists attacked New York’s World Trade Center on February 26, 1993. The aim of this attack was to drive two bomb loaded trucks into the basement of a building to bring down both of the towers of the World Trade Center. The mission was not accomplished, but the attack did kill six people. The organizer of this attack was Ramzi Yousef, whose uncle went on to be the operational commander of the attack at the World Trade Center on 9/11.
As a result of the attack, people were afraid to fly because they feared they would experience the same fate as those on board the previously hijacked airplanes. In an effort to increase the safety of air travel, Congress passed the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. This act greatly increased guidelines on luggage and passenger checks and made the American people feel much safer about air travel. These changes were made in airport security after the attack on 9/11 in an effort to avoid another tragic incident