My intention with this essay is to give a wider understanding on why the speech happened and just what impact it has had on the country. So what was the events leading up to the Speech held that morning in November 1963? In the year 1860, the republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office as the president of the United States.
The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
1860 through 1877 America witnessed a bloody war that resulted in several constitutional and social developments, all attempting to break the established black subordination social order prevalent in the South. By 1877 the Civil War and Reconstruction had ended, and the social revolution had failed. There are two key parts to a revolution: force, and its use to bring a new order to society. There was certainly force during this time period, with Confederate lost and the Union’s military presence in the conquered land, the South had no choice but to accept the Constitutional Amendments and other acts that Congress had passed. However, for every policy that Congress had forced on the South, there was a loophole or an act of violence that fought against it.
SEGUNDA PEC MUNDOS ANGLÓFONOS. ABRAHAM LINCOLN GETTYSBURG ADDRESS 1863. MARÍA DEL MAR VIDAL VIÑA 26/03/2015 This is a political speech given by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War in Gettysburg ( Pensilvania ) on 19 of November in 1863, four and a half month after the Gettisburg Battle. Abraham Lincoln became the United States' 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863.
Paludan argued that Lincoln was the greatest because of the safeguard he provided for the Union; while Bradford thought the opposite saying that Lincoln took advantage of the authority that he had being President. This immense time was important as it took place during the American Civil War fought between the Union and the Confederates from 1861 to 1865 during the years that Lincoln was in his presidency. The Civil War took place regarding the issues of slavery and how slavery was crossing over into the
George Washington Carver was born into a world where African Americas were not treated equal. He was born during the Lincoln administration, where President Lincoln was working to have a united United States of America. The Southern part of the United States were supportive of having black slaves to work on their farms and plantations. The Northern part of the United States, however, did not support the use of slaves to perform work. This caused a huge conflict within the country and started the Civil War.
Although many attempts were made to prioritize freedom and equality for all, these values were undermined by racist Southerners who wouldn’t accept equality. In the end, Reconstruction had failed and former slaves endured another hardship akin to slavery. However, Reconstruction still could have prospered. There are multiple events that, if they had occurred, Reconstruction would not have failed. For example, had the government continued to fund the Freedmen’s Bureau, then the South would have legislated their discriminatory laws much later, if not at all.
The demonstrations of division in America coexisted many: utopian societies, clashes over public space, backlash alongside immigrants, urban rebellions, black demonstration, and Indian oppositions. America was a separated land in need of change with the South in the biggest demand. The South trusted heavily on agriculture, equally opposed to the North, which was vastly populated and an industrialized union. The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded. The South was constructed on a totalitarian system.
It also ruled that the federal government didn 't have the power to regulate slavery. After the Dred Scott vs Sandford case, outrage flourished in anti-slavery northerners and an uproar swept through the south. Anti-slavery abolitionists were outraged because the Supreme Court ruled that all African Americans may not become citizens. The turmoil in the south was caused by the somewhat pro-slavery ruling in the Dred Scott vs Sandford decision. According to Shmoop, the popularity for the anti-slavery Republican party surged.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
The Civil War marked a defining moment in United States history. Long simmering sectional tensions reached a critical stage in 1860-1861 when eleven slaveholding states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. Political disagreement gave way to war in April 1861, as Confederates insisted on their right to leave the Union and the loyal states refused to allow them to go. Four years of fighting claimed almost 1.5 million casualties directly affected untold civilians, and freed four million enslaved African Americans. The social and economic system based on chattel slavery that the seceding states had sought to protect lay in ruins.
Powell Clayton was a Captain who fought in the bloodiest battle known in American history, he fought for the Union’s side. He lived until he was 80 years old and remained leader until his death. He served as a Captain of the first Kansas infantry and as time went by he slowly rose beyond captain. He was relocated into Arkansas after the war. During the Civil War he decided to join the army.
Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter. Confederate shells showered the fort with over three-thousands shells in a three-and-a-half day period. Anderson surrendered after he couldn’t hold the fort. First Battle of Bull Run After a year the war began in April 1861, most Americans expect the conflict to be brief. When he invited President Lincoln to the Governors and Union with 75000 soldiers and asked to recruit the soldiers for 90 days only.
When Abraham Lincoln became President there was a fear from the southerners that the southern way of life would end. The southerners thought that if the western territories became free states that the Republicans would change the Constitution and make slavery in all areas outlawed and many thought that they would leave the Union before this inflicted upon them. The southerners held back from the division until 1860 when Lincoln became President. In history it is known that South Carolina was the first state that began the secession. “On December 20, 1860, a state convention repealed South Carolina’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution and voted to withdraw from the Union.
Efforts to compromise on both sides failed and they both prepared for war. Confederate forces fired to Fort Sumter and that began the hostilities. The confederate campaigns in Maryland and Kentucky failed, jeopardizing the British intervention. In summer of 1862, the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, most of the western armies and also took over New Orleans. The causes of the war can be traced to the roots of our political fabric, in the complexity of mankind, in the fundamental law, in the Constitution itself, and in the institution of slavery which it recognized and ironically intended to protect.