Advantages Of Non Renewable Energy Resources

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NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
(Shashwat deora, Abhishek Borra, Shubham Nagpal, Ankit)

ABSTRACT:
In this review we have discussed on various non-renewable energy resources, their advantages and disadvantages, and their significance with respect to the Indian scenario.
We try to lay emphasis on their sustainable use and portray the consequences if not done so.

KEYWORDS:
Non-renewable, sustainable, exhaustible, energy, environmental impact

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS:
NRR’s Non-renewable resources
FF Fossil Fuels
SD Sustainable Development
NF Nuclear Fuels
WCED World Commission of Environment & Development
MO
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Composition of Primary Commercial Energy of India in % share (2009)

CLASSIFICATION

The Non-renewable resources can be generally classified into three types viz.
i) Earth minerals and metal ores ii) Fossil Fuels iii) Nuclear Fuels

COAL
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock composed mostly of carbon and hydrocarbons.
Coal occupies the leading position as a Non-renewable resource of energy in India. The coal industry in India contributes immeasurably to the present profit-making economic successes.
Coal is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide.

PETROLEUM (CRUDE OIL)
Crude oil is liquid in nature and yellowish black in colour. Crude oils are mainly composed of hydrocarbons and organic compounds. It is also used for the generation of electricity.
The Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas statistics put the total reserves of crude oil at 581.43 million tonnes in 1986-87. Table 26.4 Production of Petroleum (Crude) in India (Million tonnes):
Year 1950-
51*
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India 's domestic uranium reserves are small and the country is dependent on uranium imports to fuel its nuclear power industry. Russia is the major supplier of nuclear fuel to India.

SIGNIFICANCE
ADVANTAGES
There are some main advantages with non-renewable energy resources,
1. Cost
2. Availability
3. Efficient
4. Easy to processing and use
5. Easy to store

DISADVANTAGES
1. Fossil fuels are limited in supply.
2. At some point in the future there will be oil and coal.
3. Harmful to the environment.

ALTERNATIVES
There are many other ways to produce energy by using renewable resources.
Some alternatives are:
1. Solar power: Solar power is energy from the sun. This energy is in the form of solar radiation. The radiations are trapped by the photovoltaic plates and are converted to energy through photovoltaic effect.

2. Hydro power:
Hydro power is power derived from the energy of falling water or running water. The running water, falls on the turbine(s) and are processed to produce energy.

2. Wind power:
Wind power is extracted from air flow using wind turbines or sails to produce mechanical or electrical
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