The Atlantic world from 1492 to 1750 experienced economic and social transformations due to new contacts among the major continents that bordered the Atlantic Ocean. Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas saw dramatic economic and social changes caused by the slave trade, the increase of trade, and the Europeans “discovery” of America. The Atlantic world experienced great Economic changes created by the new global connections established between continents that allowed the expansion of trades, slave trades, and the claiming of land. Due to the new found connections the participants of trade all over the world brought home new goods, mainly from Europe, and materials previously never seen before or goods they were in need of. Some of these …show more content…
Before the Atlantic slave trade, there existed the Islamic slave trade in Africa. The majority of the merchants of Islamic religion and captured slaves which they then sold in ports surrounding the Indian Ocean and Arabia. After all this new connections between Europe and the Americas were founded expanding the slave trade to new regions of the world. Africans started to enslave their own people to sell at ports with foreigners that came from Europe and the Americas. In Africa Political leaders participated in the capture of slaves which led to civil wars and fights with in the countries. The separation of political leaders and people weakened the social structure of Africa. America also had great social changes in their society. After the slave trade was already established slave revolts and resistance asking for better social positions in the society lead to improvements of the people’s view of slaves that would late pay off after slavery was abolished. Culture and traditions were also spread throughout Europe and the Americas because of slave trade and trade in general. Europeans also spread their own culture and technology to the Native tribes that lived in the Americas before the Europeans helping them better establish new ways of ruling and creating social structures. In Europe the introduction of new crops greatly increased the outcome for agriculture. This meant that
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Claudia Gorski 11 December, 2016 Mrs. Campara Honors World Studies How did Europe use slaves through The Triangular Trade to gain power? During the Age of Exploration which lasted from 1400 to 1600, the world became global. There was more desire for resources and power.
Marielle Apronti Prof. Oscar Williams AAFS 311 4 March 2018 The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the most important factor when considering the early development of European capitalism. The arrival of the Portuguese to the West African Coast and their establishment of trading and slave ports throughout the continent set in stone a trend of exploitation of Africa 's labor and human resources. Europeans greatly benefited from the Trans-Atlantic trade, as it allowed them to aggregate raw materials such as sugar and cotton to manufacture products that funded the Industrial Revolution. In the book “Capitalism and Slavery” by Eric Williams he addresses the origin of “Negro” history, the economic and political impact of slavery in Great Britain, the role of the American Revolution and the decline of slavery in Great Britain.
• The Slave Trade was already occurring where Arab merchants and even Africans traded them o Slaves from father away were more expensive because they could not run back to their native tribes or be rescued o Slaves were mixed so they could not resist o African cultures and tribal identities were lost • Arab and African practices were learned by the Portuguese that had slaves work on sugar plantations • The plantation economy with commercial agriculture and slave labor formed the New World • The Portuguese still looked for a water route to Asia •
The African slaves then became the prominent cheap labor market once it was shown the the Africans could withstand harsher treatment. This enacted the Triangular Trading system that that shipped slaves to the Americas, raw goods from the Americans back to Europe, and the finished product back to Africa in exchange for more slaves. Greed influenced an absence of humanitarian concerns because slavery was a way for the rich to get richer and the poor to have a little bit of wealth without doing some of the harsh labor. This caused humanitarian morals to drift to the wayside because it is easy to ignore morals once you do not seen the oppressed as people any more. Slaves were now looked at as property meant to give you more
These crops were called cash crops. Spain tried to use the tropical landscape of the Americas to grow sugarcane. A very expensive crop in European markets. Some of the livestock were good and some bad. Horses revolutionized the ability to hunt making it much easier and quicker.
Topic: The impact of the Atlantic Trade System on the birth of capitalism. Thesis Statement: The Atlantic Slave Trade played a significant role in the birth and development of capitalism in a positive way in Western World. Slaves sold as a property for profit and these profits contributed to the growth of modern finance and also slave labor in the plantation for Atlantic trade contributed to the development of capitalism in a way that it enabled more production and stimulated the economy of time. 1ST MAIN IDEA: Growth of the slave plantation gave rise to increase in labor and contributed to growing more fertile and abundant product.
During the time period of 1450-1750, there were many changes as well as continuities in the economy of the Atlantic world form. One main change during this time was, the involvement of trading European firearms and other foods. This diversified the initial upbringing of the Atlantic world trade, which was different from its original usage of exporting slaves, gold, salt, and other goods. But this was both a positive and negative change for the economical status of the Europeans earnings increased, but negatively as well as there were more weapons used for violence. In relation, a continuity that occurred through this time was the use of the Atlantic world for the trade of African slaves.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the monumental transfer of goods such as: ideas, foods, animals, religions, cultures, and even diseases between Afroeurasia and the Americas after Christopher Columbus’ voyage in 1492. The significance of the Columbian Exchange is that it created a lasting tie between the Old and New Worlds that established globalization and reshaped history itself (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). Worlds that had been separated by vast oceans for years began to merge and transform the life on both sides of the Atlantic (The Effects of the Columbian Exchange). This massive exchange of goods gave rise to social, political, and economic developments that dramatically impacted the world (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). During this time,
Kirsten Markham Mr.Cole World History AP February 22 2017 Changes and Continuities Essay From 1450 to 1750 the Atlantic World consisted of Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas. These three areas were connected through trading and the need for colonization. The Europeans were mostly dominant during this time period with both trading and colonization. The Atlantic World eventually lead to changes and continuities in social conditions.
Only three percent of the international slave trade arrived in the new colonies. Many African was sold into slavery because their family owed a debt and they had no other means to pay for it. Sometimes an individual voluntarily enter into a service contract, so they can pay off debt. Furthermore the individual would work for a specified period then eventually gain their freedom. When the first Africans slaves came to the new colonies they operated under a similar arrangement.
Explain how the South Atlantic System developed and its impact on England, Africa and the colonies (91-94) Surge of commerce and agriculture products for international trading demanded for more slaves Sugar rapidly advanced the economy of colonies with the development of profitable vast sugarcane plantation This lead to the increased need for labor: slave trade England acquired great wealth from slave trade and their exports of tobacco and sugar with the aid of the Navigation Acts Colonies with adept climate flourished with slave and agriculture Africa supplied most of the slaves in which ⅔ are men causing gender disproportion and polygamy African leaders seized people and sold them as slaves for weaponry Caused inhumanity and brutality to
In document 3, it shows the African slave trade from 1500 through 1800. From Africa, they traded slaves to the West Indies, Jamaica, Haiti, Cartagena, Ecuador, Brazil, North America, and along the coast of Europe. Along the trade routes discussed before, they had
The transatlantic slave trade began in the 15th century, after the Portuguese started exploring the coast of West Africa. This had a long term effect on Africa because even though it started out benefiting the upper class in Africa, the long term effect was devastating. While the Europeans started to enter Africa, they enjoyed “the triple advantage of guns and other technology, widespread literacy, and the political organization necessary to sustain expensive programs of exploration and conquest”(Doc 4). Africa’s relations with Europe depended on common interests, which they did not have. Europe’s contact in Africa, involving economic exchanges and political relationships, was not mutually beneficial.
Because of the downslide in economic development, Africa itself lost power, wealth, and people. When Europeans traded with African powers they exchanged slaves for goods such as guns. This was the cause of an outbreak of violence in Africa. Even though the slave trade had such an awful effect on Africa, it benefited European power greatly through