Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development. Although, at first Freud was limited to childhood based on the phallic stage, Erikson focused on developing a lifespan theory. The eight stages are as followed: Trust vs. Mistrust (infancy): The basic and fundamental psychological task is for infants to develop a sense that their needs will be met by the outside world. Is their caregiver responsive, reliable, and willing to meet their needs? That basic trust is facilitated by a responsive caregiver once an infant gets hungry, injured, or needs to be changed.
Another key feature of Attachment Theory are internal working models. These working models are created patterns of attachment, usually formed during childhood development, that affect relational attachments in adulthood. These models represent feelings about oneself and others, which contribute to their behavior in their relationships with others. A person’s internal models are usually subconscious, but can change with a cumulative experience, either positive or
This is important to ensure that a child is being supported to meet their set targets and they reach their full potential. Also any strengths or weaknesses can be identified during this process. A support plan is usually completed with a child as this helps to identify their needs, the plan can then be tailored specifically for them and adapted if necessary, this is then reviewed at intervals to monitor the progress made. We currently have a placement plan at our home that we use with the young mothers. This helps to identify their support needs and what areas they feel they may need extra support with.
I chose this theorist because I believe in what he thinks about attachment and one primary care giver. He believed the “Childhood development depended heavily upon a child 's ability to form a strong relationship with "at least one primary caregiver". Generally speaking, this is one of the parents.” ("Attachment Theory - Developmental Psychology - Psychologist World," n.d.) This is the specific reason why I am in Head Start. Head Start incorporates the whole family and believes that the parent needs to be involved in the care of the children. When I think of this in the relationship to the classroom this is why I think continuity of care is so important.
That is meaning that language is not an inborn gen that children must born with. So how they acquire their first language? How do babies express their feelings like hungry, thirsty or even like and dislike? How do babies can differentiate between their mama`s voice and other`s
The four parenting styles she developed was based on the actions and behaviors of parents and how they affect child development, paying close attention to four important areas involving a parents ' warmth or nurturance, discipline strategy, communication skills, and expectations of maturity. However, there are many different theories and opinions on the best way to raise a child as well as the amount of investments of time and effort a parent is willing to give to their child or children. This concept is broken up into four categories known as the four types of Parenting Styles; they are the Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive and Uninvolved Parenting. Authoritarian parents are not very affectionate. They are very restrictive, strict disciplinarians, and it is a very punitive parenting style.
Love involves the integration of cognitions, emotions and behaviours that play an important role in intimate relationships (Coon & Mitterer, 2012). Love consists of three components; intimacy, passion and decision/commitment (Sternberg, 1986). The Attachment Theory illustrates how the kind of relationship one had with their parents in early childhood affects adult romantic attachment, this assumption is based on the fact that all children are emotionally and physically attached to the people who take care of them. The differences in the way certain individuals become
It is worth noting that as with many theories on the individual, attachment theory does not try to explain, nor is it able to, cover the entire complexity of human development or interaction. The Genius of John Bowlby John Bowlby (1907-1990) is the child psychiatrist behind the development of attachment theory. Since the ‘50s, Bowlby worked alone and with distinguished colleagues such as psychoanalyst James Robertson, ethologist/zoologist Robert Hinde and psychologist Mary Ainsworth on several different studies. Bowlby suggested that due to the attachment between children and their carers, children suffer loss when they are separated. Bowlby’s study with the ethologist Robert Hinde, inspired the idea that certain attachment behaviours have
Introduction At the beginning of our lives we are born to create a relationship with our love ones, it depends on our parent to provide us with love and warmth to develop a positive bounding relationship. The purpose of the paper is to reflect which attachment style was utilized by my parents during my childhood and which type of attachment style I identify more during my adulthood. The four types of attachment styles that will be discussed are avoidant attachment, secure attachment, disorganized attachment, and ambivalent attachment. This reflection paper will help me as a social worker by applying my knowledge to identify the type of attachment each individual or family has and better understand how I can help them with their issues that
In the earlier reading mentioned the concept “interplay” between the mother and child that brought the awareness of self and other during the infancy. It also touches on how the mother becomes a safe base for the infant to discover and expand their knowledge. We use the latter reading to gain knowledge on the definition of children’s well-being and the children’s right to