These appear to be his father, Alessandro Mussolini, his schooling and his trips to Switzerland and to the Austrian Trentino. More specifically, his father was the one to trigger Mussolini’s immense interest towards politics and precisely, politics of violence. During his attendance in a school located in Faenza, young Benito observed and experienced the concept of social divisions as the less fortunate ate their meal on a separate table from the rest and their food was inferior in comparison to the richer
This act is used in political movement, and became very popular over the years. Mussolini founded fascism in 1919 and used it all through his ruling. He allied Italy with Nazi Germany and Japan in World War Two.”“Mussolini chose Giovanni Gentile, a noted Italian philosopher, as his minister of education. Gentile reorganized Italy’s school system. He also wrote many articles and books, clarifying the basic ideas of fascism.”“Benito Mussolini coined the term “fascism” in 1919 to describe his political movement.” There was also a symbol for fascism.
Benito Mussolini, a former social Journalist, who was the leader that seized power and coined the term of Fascism. His ideas were fascist that aligns more with the authoritarian of modernity, believing that everything an individual does needs to be for the State over all other motives. Fascism combines mass movement with the aggression of authoritarian nationalism, antisocialist, and anti-liberal values. Mussolini’s fascism represented a counterrevolution following the Russian Revolution of 1917. Landowners and factory owners paid vigilante groups to attack socialist leaders.
Mussolini was somewhat like a test run for this new form of government in the sense that he fulfilled the true meaning of fascism. He was able to gain dictatorship of Italy and implement his form of government onto the people in the way he sees fit. Mussolini was able to dictate even if the people were allowed to protest against the movement which shows how much power he help. Also this illustrates how the Italian people were reduced to being smaller than Mussolini due to the extermination of the democratic
If Britain hoped to gain the upper hand they would need to have not only a better strategy but also be appropriately equipped. Germany, unfortunately was already demonstrating impressive military might in Spain. Initially Germany had rejected the leaders of the military uprising request to help the military uprising during the Spanish civil war in the 1930’s but eventually Hitler relented and gave Germany’s support. This battles gave the dictator an excuse to test-run his army and leave a bold impression on the world. In addition, Hitler’s interference brought Germany closer to Italy, who was also supporting the military uprising,, ultimately befriending the Italians and gain a potential ally for his struggle against the British and the French.
Hitler rose to power while Germany was in an economic depression, and through propaganda and group think he was able to place blame (scapegoat) on the Jews for all of the troubles that Germany was facing. Some of the troubles that Germany was facing was that they were financially unstable, they had lost land due to the Treaty of Versailles, and they did not feel prideful as a German. Through group think Hitler was able to persuade the pure Germans that the Jews needed to be persecuted and sent to internment and labor camps for all of the troubles that they had
The false promises (made by dictators) gave weakened countries hope that one day, they will be powerful again. The economic problems--after World War I--left the European countries extremely weak. Italy, for example, had industrial and agricultural workers staged strikes. The middle class started to support Mussolini’s fascist movement, in fear of the strikes from the lower class. Moreover, the middle-class did not like socialism and communism, making Fascism very compelling.
Communism believed in a classless society, while Fascism followed a dictatorship, but maintaining a dictatorship required the suppression of the people. Fascist ideology believed that “war alone brings up to their highest tension all human energies and puts the stamp of nobility upon the peoples who have the courage to meet it,” which requires constant violence to prove power (Lualdi 236). By 1924, Mussolini was able to gain 65% of the vote for fascism, but in 1933, the Nazi party only gained 44% of the vote, and even with a minority ruling party was able to gain control of the government. Both Mussolini and Hitler came into power through legal means, but Mussolini was named Prime Minister in the hopes of avoiding war but after gaining control. Yet after their legal rise into power, they used coercion and violence to further their fascist rulings.
This established the Soviet goal of attempting to divide Finland in half, by driving past Suomussalmi towards Oulu, and forcing the capitulation of Finnish forces. The Finns countered by using maneuver tactics and then committing counter attacks against the immobilized Soviet positions (Motti tactics), thus attriting Soviet forces, leading to the 163rd Division’s retreat and the 44th Divison’s termination. What was pivotal to the use of Motti tactics was the favorability of weather and terrain to Finnish forces. Not only were the Finns familiar with the terrain and weather, they demonstrated extreme skill in using
The Italian leader, called Mussolini got very angry and blamed the Greek government for the murder. He demanded them to pay a compensation and to execute the murderers. In the meantime, he bombed and invaded Corfu. The greeks didn 't have any idea of who the murder was, so they asked the League for help. The League of Nations proposed to condemned Mussolini’s actions, but also made Greeks pay compensation and the money to be held by the League