Please answer all of the following questions regarding the Wechsler et al. (1994) study of binge drinking:
Describe the design of the study, including the researchers’ target population and sampling design, including the sampling frame(s).
The target population of the study was composed of all full-time undergraduate students enrolled in 4-year colleges and universities accredited by one of the six regional accrediting bodies covering the United States. The overall sampling design was a two-stage cluster sample. In the first stage of the sample, the researchers selected a random sample that was proportionate to the size of the school, from the American Council on Education’s list. Next, within each participating school, they picked a systematic …show more content…
A 20,000-student public university would have had a much better chance of being selected for the study than a 2000-student private liberal arts college. The sample of colleges and universities was selected using probability proportionate to size sampling. Thus the larger the student enrollment the greater the probability of the school being selected for the …show more content…
The researchers dealt with the high non-response rates that are typical of a mail questionnaire by offering cash rewards in order to encourage students to respond. Specifically, the researchers offered one $1000 award to a student whose name was drawn from among students responding within one week, and one $500 award and ten $100 awards to students selected from all those who responded.
The researchers also used follow up procedures to increase the response rate. Specifically, after the original mailing, the researchers used three separate mailings, that were usually sent out about 10 days apart. These mailings included a reminder postcard, a second questionnaire, and a second reminder postcard.
Imagine that you want to conduct a campus survey on voluntarism. You are interested in such topics as who volunteers, why they choose to volunteer, where they volunteer, how often they volunteer, and what kind of work they do. Assume you would do either a mail questionnaire survey of a Web survey, and that you need to construct a survey
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In Beth McMurtrie’s article “Why Colleges Haven’t Stopped Binge Drinking”, colleges have been and are continuing to drop the ball when it comes to stopping binge drinking by college students. McMurtrie begins the article by explaining the impact that binge drinking has on the lives of students involved. Some colleges are beginning to overlook the problem completely. It appears that the whole problem has been purposely overlooked in many instances for many different reasons. There are those out there that believe that binge drinking and college life go hand in hand and that these that partake of such will get it under control when they are ready.
What does it mean to be a college graduate and do they really care about your career? In this essay, “We Send Too Many Students To College (2011)”, Marty Nemko’s, asserts, that colleges are a business as well as students are a cost item. Nemko supports his claim by illustrating authoritative quotes with the nationwide survey conducted by UCLA researchers. Nemko’s purpose points out the way colleges misinform high school students who are seeking a degree where sometimes employment is difficult to acquire, in order to collect billions of tax dollars with minimal accountability.
Annie Lowrey’s article,” Why Can’t the Government make it Easier to Compare College Costs?” published in Slate magazine is a genuine urge to the Government to take action by simplifying the college application process. This is a very cautiously written article to discuss the need of a College Scorecard for students. Why do I say “Cautious”? Ms. Lowrey’s has a warped attitude towards the colleges and universities shown strongly all over the article.
• Identifying information: Patrick Lee is a 68-year-old single, American male. Date of birth is August 28, 1949. The client is Currently living in Miami, Florida • Purpose of the recorded session: The goal of this meeting is to help Patrick identify what is hindering him from moving forward pass homelessness and medication management without alcohol.
Journal 5 The author, Sabrina Erdely, begins the article by expressing all of the ways college students spend their time on weekends, as well as most weeknights. All of the activities she listed had one thing in common: alcohol. Erdely then goes into detail describing just how important getting drunk on the weekends is to students. “The challenge to drink to the very limits of one’s endurance has become a celebrated staple of college life. In one of the most extreme reports on college drinking thus far, a 1997 Harvard School of Public Health study found that 43 percent of college students admitted to binge drinking in the proceeding two weeks.
The demographic, academic and economical factors frame this model to present relevant concerns the United States Department of Health & Human Services has regarding excessive drinking. This model represent (but not limited to) the HHS focus of study among excessive drinking in adolescents between the ages of 12-20 who have reported drinking in the past month. Race Ethnicity - The fastest growing ethnic groups regarding excessive alcohol consumption in U.S is Whites and Asian American, respectfully. African Americans and Latinos have the lowest rate of monthly and heavy drinking. Among gender in adolescence men are more likely to drink than women and consume more alcohol overall.
More than 20 million people in the United States attend colleges and universities each year. Colleges have different techniques to get students to attend. Colleges and universities advertise their institution using rhetoric to entice prospective students to attend. Students are bombarded with rhetoric from colleges and universities showcasing that attending and continuing to seek a higher learning is beneficial. Colleges use rhetoric to bring about an idea that obtaining a degree guarantees a better life position.
“Health and Behavioral Consequences of Binge Drinking in College” and “Too Many Colleges Are Still in Denial about Alcohol Abuse” by Henry Wechsler, Charles Deutsch, and George Dowdall discuss the same topic: binge drinking in college. Although both of the writings have the topic in common, they are both written differently. “Health and Behavioral Consequences of Binge Drinking in College” is a scientific study on how many students are binge drinkers in college and what consequences rise from that while “Too Many Colleges Are Still in Denial about Alcohol Abuse” is a persuasive essay about what actions need to be taken in order to reduce the amount of binge drinkers in college. Even though essays serve different writing styles, they both deliver
I used to belong to a group called Alcoholics Anonymous. Some might say it was a stimulation I sought that led me there. Stimulation's that share qualities is a way I identify generalities to help me make sense of the world (Bodenhausen, Kang, & Peery, 2011). That sounds like a positive way to say I enjoy alcoholic treats. The group Alcoholics Anonymous defines itself with a set of twelve questions, if one answers these questions in a certain manner they might want to find a group and join (Is A.A. for, 1973).
In the article, “Should Everyone Go to College,” authors, Stephanie Owen and Isabel Sawhill’s, published by the Brookings Institution, discusses the benefits of a college education. The article begins by mentioning the arguments related to the requirement of having a college degree while entering the middle class in the United States. Having a college degree reminds people that higher education is the best advancement humans can make to allow them to make more money in their lifetimes, rather than if they just had a high school education. A fact that does not get much attention is not all college graduates, or college degrees, are equal. Even though Owen and Sawhill focus, in general, alternative career paths may result in equally lucrative
When college students under the age of Twenty-one old drink, they are damaging their brain and their way of succeeding in life. Drinking five drinks in a row at a party in college can also lead to unplanned sex and even danger to their own memory. “Compared with students who binge drink one or two times in a 2-week period, those who binge three or more times are twice as likely to experience alcohol-induced memory losses (27 percent vs. 54 percent, respectively), not use protection during sex (10 percent vs. 20 percent, respectively), engage in unplanned sex (22 percent vs. 42 percent, respectively), and get hurt or injured (11 percent vs. 27 percent, respectively), and are equally likely to need medical treatment for an overdose (1 percent vs. 1 percent).” White also says, (White) “ Whereas binge frequency is associated with an increased risk of negative outcomes, additional research indicates that there is a relationship between how often a student binges and the peak number of drinks he or she consumes.”
Jessica Smith is a 32 year old Caucasian white female with black hair and hazel brown eyes, Client is 5’8 inches tall and weighs about 160lbs. Ms. Smith is employed as an administrative assistant at a local human service program. She currently resides in Norfolk, Virginia with her daughter. She lives with her 11-year old daughter, Crystal in an apartment near her job. Jessica married her child’s father when she was 20 years old, but divorced him when he became physically and sexually abusive towards her.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services acknowledges that there are 10 million teens in the United States drinking regularly and over 20 percent binge drink. ( Teen Alcoholism). This information illustrates the dependence that teens have developed for alcohol and many of them don 't even know the issue that they are building for themselves. The signs that demonstrate that a teen is becoming or is addicted to alcohol are that he/ she is a heavy drinker, they drink regularly for no reason and becoming upset over the removal of accessibility of alcohol.