Cambodian Genocide Cambodia was the site of a mass murder which occurred from 1975-1979 (Janikowski, 2006). This mass murder is known as the Cambodian Genocide because of the massive amounts of people that died. According to Janikowski (2006), “the country, which was renamed the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea, is thought to have lost between one and two million people—perhaps as much as a quarter of its total population—during the purges, mass executions, and starvation that marked the four years of Pol Pot's rule”. The Cambodian Genocide was carried out by The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot (Janikowski, 2006). Their goal was to purify the nation and extreme measures were taken to meet this goal, and many people ended up losing their lives in terrible ways.
The mass killing of 25 percent of a country's population is classified as a genocide;also a sin and immoral action of those upstanders and bystanders that witness, initiate or, participated in the Cambodian genocide. These people that initiated the Khmer rouge and set forth the Cambodian genocide are sinners, mass murders, and cruel. To kill a babies, the elderly, and enslave many children and adults. To starve and exterminate them as well. The Khmer rouge and all its members should be tried and sentenced for their sins against the innocent.
Causes of the Cambodian Genocide The Cambodian genocide took place from 1975 to 1979; it is estimated that some two million Cambodians were systematically murdered by the Khmer Rouge and its followers (Power 90). In Alexander Hinton’s article, “A Head for an Eye” he recounts in details the experience of Gen, a survivor of the Cambodian Genocide. After the Lon Nol government was overthrown by the Khmer Rouge, the Communists began their witch-hunt in an attempt to identify and kill anyone who was associated with the former regime, as well as the educated, the Vietnamese, the Muslim Cham, the Buddhist monks, and other “bourgeois elements” (Power 101). During the investigation, it was revealed that Gen’s father was a teacher–this fact alone was
The Cambodian genocide was an agrarian genocide founded on the ideals of Stalin and Mao’s communistic ideals. While the Arminian genocide was founded on the belief that the Armenian population was joining the Russian army to fight against the Ottoman Empire. Some Armenians did fight with the Russian army, but it should not have led to the systematic elimination of men, women, and children in that order. The Khmer Rouges policies of forced movement from a modern society to an agrarianist state is undoubtedly questionable when understanding the policies of the Khmer Rouge. While in the aspect of the Ottoman Empire, they removed people for elimination purposes only. Both of these genocides have many similarities and differences, and it is a historian’s
The True Impact of the Cambodian Genocide The Cambodian Genocide was a tragic event that took place in 1975 and lasted until about 1979. The genocide was led by Pol Pot and the communist party Kampuchea, also knowns as the Khmer Rouge. Millions of people were killed during this catastrophe. The Khmer Rouge was are the regime that controlled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979.
Similarly, the Cambodians and Jews have both stood witness to the executions of one race. During the Cambodian Genocide, Pol Pot the leader, wiped out millions of educated Cambodians who were doctors, teachers, lawyers, bilingual, etc. His overall goal was to make the Kingdom of “Cambodia” a utopian society where everyone was equal and he reigned as king. In fact, the Khmer Rouge rounded up and separated family members to work in different villages in Cambodia. In addition, older men and young boys were sent to fight in the war. Women were distributed across Cambodia either working in kitchens, working fields, or hospitals while their infant children assisted them. Just like Pol Pot, in the Holocaust, Hitler’s goal was to make Germany a country where everyone had the same physical appearance, blue eyes and blonde hair. Unfortunately, Jews did not have that appearance. During the Cambodian Genocide and the Holocaust, the officers beat and prodded the victims that did not meet their expectations and were abruptly displaced from their homes. In comparison to the Cambodians, Germany’s dictator, Adolf Hitler, had one goal to execute all Jews, just like how Pol Pot had a goal to kill all educated Cambodians. Both the Cambodians in the Cambodian Genocide and the Jews in the novel Night were treated similarly because both victims were displaced out of their homes, overworked, mistreated, and starved.
The Khmer Rouge has taken over Cambodia. This is much like what is happening in the Soviet Union. It may look different but the mass murdering and cruelty has lead both countries into a state which is not looked at kindly. Each country was in the same situation from the standpoint of the citizens. Rights were taken away, torture and cruel deaths occurred, and the death of many was looked at by the powerful as a worthy cause to the country as a whole.
The denial of human rights in Ukraine and Cambodia has had huge impacts on regional and international communities. Ukraine was very independent, and Stalin wanted to remove the threat that the Ukrainians were becoming. In Cambodia, Pol Pot attempted to create a utopian Communist agrarian society. When Stalin came into power after Lenin’s death in 1924, the government was struggling to control and unwieldy empire.
"Cambodian Genocide." Modern Genocide) These two were in different places and times, yet they are the same. The people are forced from their homes, and often to work, “Cambodian society was torn from its roots through mass evacuations (especially from the towns and cities, which were emptied immediately and brutally as the new rulers arrived). Nothing was allowed to stand in the way of the Khmer Rouge 's overarching project of social engineering and radical restructuring of society.
Imagine all your human right’s strip away from you within a second. Throughout history governments have denied human right to a certain group of people by adopting new polices and/or violence. A government using violence against it people to get them to agree or even do what they want is still seen today. Throughout history countries like Cambodia and Rwanda are places where the government look away their people’s human rights.
In First they Killed My Father by Loung Ung, Loung Ung writes about what her family experienced living under the Khmer Rouge during the Cambodian genocide. The pattern expected of people that experience atrocities like the ones Loung Ung and her family did is that, if they are to survive, they’ll want to take revenge upon the people who are responsible for it or at least see justice for the people that lost their lives during the genocide. While she does not carry out the revenge herself, in one of the most brutal chapters of the book, Loung Ung, does exactly what’s expected when she goes to watch the execution of a Khmer rouge soldier, despite her sister telling her that she didn’t want to attend at that she shouldn’t attend either. Loung
The Secretariat and the Secretary General were vehemently criticised in their failure to convey the information before and during the Rwandan genocide. Belgium, UN, France and the US showed scant respect for the international law and order and in order to protect their vested interest allowed the genocide to happen. The Genocide Convention of 1948 talks of the legal obligations which these states have clearly failed to follow. Yet, almost two decades have passed by and there is still no sign of any concrete action to be taken against any of the countries who clearly acted in their own vested interest and breached the international
D). In Document A “study the problem of genocide and to prepare a report on the possibilities of declaring genocide an international crime.” Although this would have been a great action to protect civilians value during the Nazi crimes, which were inhumane. However, due to the “lack of adequate provisions and previous formulation of international law, the Nuremberg Tribunal had to dismiss the Nazi crimes,” (Doc. A). The international government have not payed attention to serious issues concerning their people.
During the 20th century, approximately 174 million people have been killed by the government only and mostly by the communist governments (Dominic & Abimbola, 39). The figures are quite shocking. This clearly depicts that governments exploits the innocent people and incite them to stand against their brothers and sisters. The same story happened in Rwanda in 1994. According to the UN reports, 75% of the Tutsi population was exterminated in the genocide.