Sociology Chapter 4

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Chapter four gives an intense overview of social theories and their creators. As seen from the reading, a theory is an indication about a specific event, which helps to increase everyone’s understanding about that event. More importantly, theories have opened the doors for effective social work practice. Numerous conclusions have been drawn about certain elements such as human behavior, development, personalities, environment dynamics and etc. However, the key is recognizing and understanding various social issues such as inequality, racism, gender roles and etc. However, chapter four discusses theories that have been fairly deliberated upon, but have as well been used to explain certain events. For example, the evolutionary and conflict theory proposed that, …show more content…

Instead of combining variables such as race or gender, Marxist focused on individuals who were wealthy. He labeled these individuals as the upper class, and the poor as the lower class. In addition, he believed that members of the upper class should control various elements of society, such as the livelihood of lower class members. However, as seen today, social class is a leading cause of inequality. Social class grants individuals respect, favor, and opportunity. For example, we see this in the criminal justice system daily, as individuals of the upper class buy their freedom, while members of the lower class are condemned. All in all, chapter four improved my understanding of cultural diversity. I was able to get to the root of the problem, based off theories presented in the chapter. However, there were a few theories that I disagreed with like Darwin evolution theory, and Marxist social class theory only because they both created a system of division. These theories separated groups based off class, race, gender, ethnicity and etc. From this chapter I have learned how to use a variety of theoretical

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