Childhood Obesity Literature Review

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Source Summary Prewritings
Theme: Health and Wellness
Topic: Childhood Obesity
Title: “Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention.” The title tells that the authors comprehend the importance of educating their readers on the current situation of the childhood obesity and aim at providing them with several ways of its prevention and treatment.
Intended audience: The authors’ intended audience may include health and nutritional experts, as well as the general public, including children and parents who want to prevent the risks of epidemics.
Writer’s background: Mahshid Dehghan is a Doctor of Philosophy and a nutritionist at McMaster University's Population Health Research Institute. Noori Akhtar-Danesh is an Associate Professor at School
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Merchant inform the readers about the main causes of obesity and ways of prevention of this chronic disorder. The authors start the article with the definition of childhood obesity and methods of measuring body fat, including underwater weighting, multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, magnetic resonance imaging, body mass index waist circumference, and skin fold thickness. The authors also define causes of obesity that include an increased calorie and fat intake and the decline in physical activity. According to the authors, the most effective ways to prevent the disorder are to create a healthy environment, encourage physical activity among children, restrict television viewing, and make some changes in the food…show more content…
According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 32.2% of American children and adolescents from 2 to 19 years of age were overweight, and 17.3% were obese in 2011 and 2012. The author further identifies main causes of obesity, including caloric imbalance, endocrine disorders, genetic syndromes, drugs, increased television viewing, decline of family meals, increased beverage and snacks consumption, etc. The major adverse health effects caused by obesity are cardiovascular disease, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, liver disease, asthma, sleep apnea, and others. The author explains that engagement in physical activity, consumption of healthy food, and limit of sweetened drinks and energy-dense food may prevent obesity. Faguy concludes that parental control, weight-loss surgery, weight-reducing diets, and other strategies may treat this severe health issue in children and

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