Childhood Obesity Literature Review

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Source Summary Prewritings Theme: Health and Wellness Topic: Childhood Obesity Title: “Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention.” The title tells that the authors comprehend the importance of educating their readers on the current situation of the childhood obesity and aim at providing them with several ways of its prevention and treatment. Intended audience: The authors’ intended audience may include health and nutritional experts, as well as the general public, including children and parents who want to prevent the risks of epidemics. Writer’s background: Mahshid Dehghan is a Doctor of Philosophy and a nutritionist at McMaster University's Population Health Research Institute. Noori Akhtar-Danesh is an Associate Professor at School of Nursing, an Associate Member of the Department of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, and a member of the Nursing Health Services Research Unit. Anwar T. Merchant is an Associate Professor in the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Director of Population Health Research Institute. The authors have published numerous articles on public health and the diseases…show more content…
Merchant inform the readers about the main causes of obesity and ways of prevention of this chronic disorder. The authors start the article with the definition of childhood obesity and methods of measuring body fat, including underwater weighting, multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, magnetic resonance imaging, body mass index waist circumference, and skin fold thickness. The authors also define causes of obesity that include an increased calorie and fat intake and the decline in physical activity. According to the authors, the most effective ways to prevent the disorder are to create a healthy environment, encourage physical activity among children, restrict television viewing, and make some changes in the food
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