Compare And Contrast Autonomy Vs Sham

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Soon the infant will grow to become a toddler and they reach the second stage known as Autonomy vs. Shame. This stage ranges from two years of age to three and allows the toddler to learn right from wrong and for the toddler to feel pride in themselves. During this stage, the toddler is learning how to have self- control and autonomy. When the toddler gains control of his or herself the toddler feels independent. Letting the toddler decide what he or she will wear, eat or toy preference will give them a stronger feeling of self -control. Erikson and Freud both believed potty training was an important part of this process. Erikson felt if the toddler could master his or her bodily functions then he or she will gain some independence and control. If this stage is completed successfully then the toddler will feel secure and confident, opposed to those who unsuccessfully complete this stage who have doubt and inadequacy. This stage involves quite a bit of parental support and Erikson believed if parents are too controlling during this stage they are breaking the toddler’s will. This leads into the next human strength, will. Will is the never- failing determination to exercise free choice and self- restraint even though the toddler experienced shame and doubt during infancy. Stage three is known as Initiative vs. Guilt and occurs between ages four…show more content…
Inferiority which occurs from ages six to twelve, also referred to as the latency stage. During this stage of life, children are capable of learning and creating new skills. It is the stage where children develop a sense of industry through social interactions and children will develop a sense of pride in all of their new accomplishments. If the child begins feeling inadequate amongst their peers then the child will develop low self-esteem. The human strength found in this stage is competence, which is the free exercise of dexterity and is unaffected by childish
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