Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
Hammurabi’s Code of Justice Have you ever heard the expression, treat others how you want to be treated? Well that's what Hammurabi’s code is all about. Babylonia was ruled by king Hammurabi for 42 years in 1754 BCE. In those years Hammurabi made a set of 282 laws called Hammurabi’s code to create justice and the laws were placed on a steele. Hammurabi's code was just because his purpose was to protect the weak, he made laws about property to protect your house and laws to punish people if they injure you.
Hammurabi’s code gives judgements and consequences for certain crimes. The punishment for a crime depended on one’s social rank. There were essentially three classes; the priests and noble landlords, the freemen, and slaves. Each law illustrated the division in the societies social status. As a particular law read; “If a man has destroyed the eye of another free man, his own eye shall be destroyed.
Also, Hammurabi’s kingdom was always had a constant threat of being attacked, so there was no time for his own people to fight each other. Other people may say that not everyone was treated equally. However, in that society and time, free men were more important that slaves, and had more rights. The three examples shown above: family law, property law, and personal injury law, all clearly show that Hammurabi’s Code was just, and brought order and security to his
Hammurabi’s Code DBQ King Hammurabi’s rule began in the city of Babylon. He later then extended his control by taking over Larsa and Mari a large part of Mesopotamia. After expanding his land, Shamash, the god of justice presented him with a code of 232 laws (Doc A). These laws were then influenced throughout the community and were considered a part of the communities culture. I disagree with Hammurabi’s code because most laws were to cruel and targeted certain people.
With Hammurabi’s Code, messing up once could end your life. His laws include getting your hands chopped off, being tied up and thrown into water, getting your eye poked out, being thrown into a fire, and having your teeth knocked out. Hammurabi was the leader of a big area and had to find some way to control all 1,000,000 people. These 282 laws were a strict but sophisticated way to behave everyone living in Babylon. When you are a ruler for 42 years, it gets hard to handle and you have got to find someway to control everyone.
Laws were as important in Hammurabi 's time as they are today because laws keep people safe and keeps everything fair. Hammurabi was a famous Babylonian king who ruled over Mesopotamia. He created the first set of written laws in his 38th year of his reign called the law code. He did this because he wanted to keep peace and order over Mesopotamia even if the laws were harsh. Many people are arguing over if Hammurabi 's code is just or unjust.
The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi and were the first set of laws to ever be created. Hammurabi created 282 laws, that set standards in his empire and in ancient Mesopotamia. Hammurabi made it clear that the laws were not only to equalize society but also establish fairness and also protect the weak from the strong. However, according to the laws, the punishment for men, women, rich, and the poor, were all different; leading that he made the laws unfair. The women of Mesopotamia had a series of laws where it clearly shows they were classified as property.
King Hammurabi was a leader of the first Babylonian Empire that brought the cities of Mesopotamia together under one law. This law was called Hammurabi’s Code, it was a collection of 282 clauses engraved on a seven foot high stele (Fiero, 26). According to History, Hammurabi worked to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak and to see that justice is done to widows and orphans (History). King Hammurabi created an environment in which everyone tried to live peacefully.
About 4,000 years ago, Hammurabi, the King of Babylon, made 282 laws to gain peace. In my opinion, I think that Hammurabi’s Code wasn’t just because it shows that is hurt family, it made people lose some kind of property, and it depended who you were in order to come up with a consequence for personal injury. First of all, it demonstrated that it hurt family. For instance, in Law 129, if a married lady is caught cheating, she will have her hands tied up and she will be drowned in water. Also, in Law 168, it states that if a son hits his father, his hands shall be cut off.
The Hammurabi Code had a total of 282 laws. There were many harsh punishments whenever you committed a crime during his reign, such as getting your hands, limbs, eye, and breast removed. Hammurabi was born in Babylon which is now modern day Iraq, his father was a king with a lot of power before him. Hammurabi was first only a ruler of a city until he was able to be the king of the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi divided society to three different classes there were Nobles and rich landowners, Middle and poor social class, and then there were slaves which most of the slaves were P.O.W (Prisoners of War).
Hammurabi's laws that were concerned with family, property, and injury were unfair. Hammurabi's laws that dealt with family were cruel and harsh. In law 129, it states that if a married woman is caught cheating, the woman and the other man will be tied together and would be drowned. Although, the man who was
Hammurabi’s code was not just because the personal injury laws did not protect all people equally, property laws were harsh and not protecting people enough, and the Family laws should allow people to be with whoever they want to be with. Looking at the evidence from the Personal Injury Laws states that punishments towards slaves are
During the 18th century, Hammurabi conquered the four quarters of the world, made great the Kingdom of Babylon. After he conquered those lands, he wrote set of laws to bound every other citizen in his territory under that law where no other person would be under-represented. He wrote that code to bring righteousness to the land and planned to bring the well-being of the oppressed. It is even mentioned that Hammurabi feared gods and wrote that code to please them. However, Hammurabi Law Code dealt with different aspects of society ranging from the health care system to family life, from criminal justice to commercialization of businesses and rights of women; law structures were clarified and well designed.